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Hybrid Political Orders and Violent Exchanges in the Eastern Congo

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "CONGO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: BORGERGADE 13
postcode: 1300

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Denmark [DK]
 Project website
 Total cost 200˙194 €
 EC max contribution 200˙194 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-04-01   to  2018-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Based on anthropological fieldwork in the Eastern Congo, this study investigate ‘hybrid political orders’ e.g. state and non-state groups, such as militias, police, military, local criminal gangs and local authorities such as village chiefs or warlords whose operations transcend the boundaries of what we normally know as state and nonstate and how such actors exercise power through alternative ways of governance and authority. To do so, I apply the concept of ‘violent exchange’ (Jensen 2013). This concept is fruitful in explaining how violence opens up a space in which people are forced to engage with armed networks. In this way, it enables an exploration of bottom-up relations and the how authority yields profits through violent interactions. The study has a strong comparative and interdisciplinary approach as it will contribute to critical inquires that questions the western assumption of state power. The study will be part of a wider research project located at the Danish Institute against torture in Copenhagen, Denmark, where a group of senior researchers are carrying out fieldwork and examining violent exchanges in the Global South. In this way, it will contribute to social science and anthropological theory, to develop the concept of ‘violent exchange’ through fieldwork and bring new empirical data. The results of this study will help to find new methods to monitor violence and to improve human rights work in fragile states.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Anna Hedlund
The Génocidiers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Society for Visual Anthropology 2 December, 2017 2019-06-18
2017 Anna Hedlund
Simple soldiers? Blurring the distinction between compulsion and commitment among Rwandan rebels in Eastern Congo
published pages: 720-738, ISSN: 0001-9720, DOI: 10.1017/S000197201700033X
Africa 87/04 2019-06-18
2018 Morten Koch Andersen
Why Corruption Matters in Human Rights
published pages: , ISSN: 1757-9619, DOI: 10.1093/jhuman/huy004
Journal of Human Rights Practice 2018 2019-06-18
2016 Anna Hedlund
Nothing is for Free in Goma
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Danish Institute Against Torture Online 2019-06-18
2017 Anna Hedlund
‘Corrupt Practices, Blurred Relations and Violent exchanges in theCongo (DRC)’
published pages: 17, ISSN: , DOI:
Peace and Conflict Studies in Anthropology 28/30 2019-06-18
2017 Anna Hedlund
With Peace Comes Money
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
L’Osservatorio: Research Centre on Civilians in War Photo essay 2019-06-18
2016 Anna Hedlund
Why Study the Bad Guys?
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
OpenDemocracy Academic Blog 2019-06-18
2017 Anna Hedlund
Corrupt States, Blurred Relations
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
American Anthropological Association 3 December, 2017 2019-06-18
2016 Anna Hedlund
Sharp Lines, Blurred Structures: Politics of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Focaal Academic Blog 2019-06-18

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