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Surface-grafted metallofullerene molecular magnets with controllable alignment of magnetic moments

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 GraM3 project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the GraM3 project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "GraM3" about.

smm    spin    pi    ray    magnetic    reversibly    times    grafted    discovered    retaining    molecule    molecular    risk    single    absence    individual    groups    influenced    anisotropy    fulfillment    ideal    arrangement    revolutionize    techniques    scanning    carbon    ions    orientation    zero    successful    uniquely    magnets    moment    tunneling    emf    moments    photoswitchable    determined    grafting    exhibit    dy2scn    spatial    strategies    dichroism    microscopy    c80    spintronics    cages    designing    interactions    bonds    geometry    dynamics    dy    exohedral    solved    surfaces    direction    endohedral    interdisciplinary    units    deposition    group    sublimation    relaxation    anchoring    bulk    gain    spins    modification    exchange    surface    derivatized    emfs    dysc2n    internal    molecules    magnetism    magnetization    circular    polarized    introducing    aligned    clusters    ferromagnetic    smms    switching    metallofullerenes    cluster    light    sensitive    hours    protected    governed   

Project "GraM3" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 1069

contact info
title: n.a.
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surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
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fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙912˙181 €
 EC max contribution 1˙912˙181 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-06-01   to  2020-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

The molecules retaining their magnetization in the absence of magnetic field are known as single molecule magnets (SMMs). Important problems to be solved on the way to the applications of SMMs in molecular spintronics is their deposition on surfaces and addressing their spins on the single molecular level. In this project we will address these problems by designing SMMs based on endohedral metallofullerenes (EMFs) derivatized with anchoring groups. SMM behaviour recently discovered for DySc2N@C80 and Dy2ScN@C80 in PI’s group is governed by a strong magnetic anisotropy (magnetic moments of Dy ions are aligned along the Dy–N bonds) and ferromagnetic exchange interactions between Dy ions within the clusters. Protected by the carbon cages, these SMMs exhibit uniquely long zero-field relaxation times of several hours at 2 K and provide an ideal system for addressing the individual spin states. Spatial orientation of magnetic moments in EMF-SMMs is determined by the endohedral cluster and is therefore influenced by the orientation of the EMFs molecules and their internal dynamics. We will apply three strategies to control the spatial arrangement of the magnetic moments in EMF-SMMs: (i) deposition of EMF molecules via sublimation; (ii) exohedral modification of EMFs with anchoring groups for grafting of EMFs on surfaces; (iii) introducing photoswitchable units into the anchoring groups which can reversibly change their geometry upon impact of light and will allow switching direction of the magnetic moment in a fully controllable way. Magnetic behaviour of the surface-grafted SMMs will be studied by bulk- and surface-sensitive techniques including X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and especially spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. Successful fulfillment of the objectives of this interdisciplinary high-risk/high-gain project will revolutionize the field of the surface molecular magnetism by allowing the study and control of the SMMs on a single spin level.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Bennett J. Eleazer, Mark D. Smith, Alexey A. Popov, Dmitry V. Peryshkov
Expansion of the (BB)Ru metallacycle with coinage metal cations: formation of B–M–Ru–B (M = Cu, Ag, Au) dimetalacyclodiboryls
published pages: 2601-2608, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c8sc00190a
Chemical Science 9/9 2020-02-06
2018 R. Stania, A. P. Seitsonen, D. Kunhardt, B. Büchner, A. A. Popov, M. Muntwiler, T. Greber
Electrostatic Interaction across a Single-Layer Carbon Shell
published pages: 3586-3590, ISSN: 1948-7185, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01326
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 9/13 2020-02-04
2018 Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Fabian Fritz, Christin Schlesier, Aram Kostanyan, Jan Dreiser, Martina Luysberg, Alexey A. Popov, Carola Meyer, Rasmus Westerström
Partial magnetic ordering in one-dimensional arrays of endofullerene single-molecule magnet peapods
published pages: 18153-18160, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/c8nr05386c
Nanoscale 10/38 2020-02-04
2019 Lukas Spree, Alexey A. Popov
Recent advances in single molecule magnetism of dysprosium-metallofullerenes
published pages: 2861-2871, ISSN: 1477-9226, DOI: 10.1039/c8dt05153d
Dalton Transactions 48/9 2020-02-04
2018 Ariane Brandenburg, Denis S. Krylov, Alexander Beger, Anja U. B. Wolter, Bernd Büchner, Alexey A. Popov
Carbide clusterfullerene DyYTiC@C 80 featuring three different metals in the endohedral cluster and its single-ion magnetism
published pages: 10683-10686, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c8cc04736g
Chemical Communications 54/76 2020-02-04
2018 Xingxing Zhang, Wanlu Li, Lai Feng, Xin Chen, Andreas Hansen, Stefan Grimme, Skye Fortier, Dumitru-Claudiu Sergentu, Thomas J. Duignan, Jochen Autschbach, Shuao Wang, Yaofeng Wang, Giorgios Velkos, Alexey A. Popov, Nabi Aghdassi, Steffen Duhm, Xiaohong Li, Jun Li, Luis Echegoyen, W. H. Eugen Schwarz, Ning Chen
A diuranium carbide cluster stabilized inside a C80 fullerene cage
published pages: 2753, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05210-8
Nature Communications 9/1 2020-02-04
2019 C. Schlesier, F. Liu, V. Dubrovin, L. Spree, B. Büchner, S. M. Avdoshenko, A. A. Popov
Mixed dysprosium-lanthanide nitride clusterfullerenes DyM 2 N@C 80 - I h and Dy 2 MN@C 80 - I h (M = Gd, Er, Tm, and Lu): synthesis, molecular structure, and quantum motion of the endohedral nitrogen atom
published pages: 13139-13153, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/c9nr03593a
Nanoscale 11/27 2020-02-04
2019 Fupin Liu, Lukas Spree, Denis S. Krylov, Georgios Velkos, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Alexey A. Popov
Single-Electron Lanthanide-Lanthanide Bonds Inside Fullerenes toward Robust Redox-Active Molecular Magnets
published pages: 2981-2993, ISSN: 0001-4842, DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00373
Accounts of Chemical Research 52/10 2020-02-04
2019 T. Greber, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Hemmi, J. Dreiser, R. Stania, F. Matsui, M. Muntwiler, A. A. Popov, R. Westerström
Circular dichroism and angular deviation in x-ray absorption spectra of Dy 2 ScN @ C 80 single-molecule magnets on
published pages: , ISSN: 2475-9953, DOI: 10.1103/physrevmaterials.3.014409
Physical Review Materials 3/1 2020-02-04
2019 Vasilii Dubrovin, Li-Hua Gan, Bernd Büchner, Alexey A. Popov, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko
Endohedral metal-nitride cluster ordering in metallofullerene–Ni II (OEP) complexes and crystals: a theoretical study
published pages: 8197-8200, ISSN: 1463-9076, DOI: 10.1039/c9cp00634f
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21/16 2020-02-04
2017 Aram Kostanyan, Rasmus Westerström, Yang Zhang, David Kunhardt, Roland Stania, Bernd Büchner, Alexey A. Popov, Thomas Greber
Switching Molecular Conformation with the Torque on a Single Magnetic Moment
published pages: 237202, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.237202
Physical Review Letters 119/23 2020-02-04
2019 Georgios Velkos, Denis S. Krylov, Kyle Kirkpatrick, Lukas Spree, Vasilii Dubrovin, Bernd Büchner, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Valeriy Bezmelnitsyn, Sean Davis, Paul Faust, James Duchamp, Harry C. Dorn, Alexey A. Popov
High Blocking Temperature of Magnetization and Giant Coercivity in the Azafullerene Tb 2 @C 79 N with a Single-Electron Terbium-Terbium Bond
published pages: 5891-5896, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201900943
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58/18 2020-02-04
2019 Fupin Liu, Georgios Velkos, Denis S. Krylov, Lukas Spree, Michal Zalibera, Rajyavardhan Ray, Nataliya A. Samoylova, Chia-Hsiang Chen, Marco Rosenkranz, Sandra Schiemenz, Frank Ziegs, Konstantin Nenkov, Aram Kostanyan, Thomas Greber, Anja U. B. Wolter, Manuel Richter, Bernd Büchner, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Alexey A. Popov
Air-stable redox-active nanomagnets with lanthanide spins radical-bridged by a metal–metal bond
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-08513-6
Nature Communications 10/1 2020-02-04
2019 Wei Yang, Georgios Velkos, Fupin Liu, Svetlana M. Sudarkova, Yaofeng Wang, Jiaxin Zhuang, Hanning Zhang, Xiang Li, Xingxing Zhang, Bernd Büchner, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Alexey A. Popov, Ning Chen
Single Molecule Magnetism with Strong Magnetic Anisotropy and Enhanced Dy∙∙∙Dy Coupling in Three Isomers of Dy‐Oxide Clusterfullerene Dy 2 O@C 82
published pages: 1901352, ISSN: 2198-3844, DOI: 10.1002/advs.201901352
Advanced Science 6/20 2020-02-04
2018 Christin Schlesier, Lukas Spree, Aram Kostanyan, Rasmus Westerström, Ariane Brandenburg, Anja U. B. Wolter, Shangfeng Yang, Thomas Greber, Alexey A. Popov
Strong carbon cage influence on the single molecule magnetism in Dy–Sc nitride clusterfullerenes
published pages: 9730-9733, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c8cc05029e
Chemical Communications 54/70 2020-02-04
2017 Fupin Liu, Denis S. Krylov, Lukas Spree, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Nataliya A. Samoylova, Marco Rosenkranz, Aram Kostanyan, Thomas Greber, Anja U. B. Wolter, Bernd Büchner, Alexey A. Popov
Single molecule magnet with an unpaired electron trapped between two lanthanide ions inside a fullerene
published pages: 16098, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms16098
Nature Communications 8 2019-06-06
2016 Qingming Deng, Thomas Heine, Stephan Irle, Alexey A. Popov
Self-assembly of endohedral metallofullerenes: a decisive role of cooling gas and metal–carbon bonding
published pages: 3796-3808, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/C5NR08645K
Nanoscale 8/6 2019-06-06
2016 Derek E. Williams, Ekaterina A. Dolgopolova, Danielle C. Godfrey, Evgeniya D. Ermolaeva, Perry J. Pellechia, Andrew B. Greytak, Mark D. Smith, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Alexey A. Popov, Natalia B. Shustova
Fulleretic Well-Defined Scaffolds: Donor-Fullerene Alignment Through Metal Coordination and Its Effect on Photophysics
published pages: 9070-9074, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201603584
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55/31 2019-06-06
2017 D. S. Krylov, F. Liu, S. M. Avdoshenko, L. Spree, B. Weise, A. Waske, A. U. B. Wolter, B. Büchner, A. A. Popov
Record-high thermal barrier of the relaxation of magnetization in the nitride clusterfullerene Dy 2 ScN@C 80 -I h
published pages: 7901-7904, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c7cc03580b
Chemical Communications 53/56 2019-06-06
2016 Bennett J. Eleazer, Mark D. Smith, Alexey A. Popov, Dmitry V. Peryshkov
(BB)-Carboryne Complex of Ruthenium: Synthesis by Double B–H Activation at a Single Metal Center
published pages: 10531-10538, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b05172
Journal of the American Chemical Society 138/33 2019-06-06
2018 D. S. Krylov, F. Liu, A. Brandenburg, L. Spree, V. Bon, S. Kaskel, A. U. B. Wolter, B. Büchner, S. M. Avdoshenko, A. A. Popov
Magnetization relaxation in the single-ion magnet DySc 2 N@C 80 : quantum tunneling, magnetic dilution, and unconventional temperature dependence
published pages: 11656-11672, ISSN: 1463-9076, DOI: 10.1039/c8cp01608a
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20/17 2019-06-06
2017 Chia-Hsiang Chen, Denis S. Krylov, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Fupin Liu, Lukas Spree, Ravi Yadav, Antonis Alvertis, Liviu Hozoi, Konstantin Nenkov, Aram Kostanyan, Thomas Greber, Anja U. B. Wolter, Alexey A. Popov
Selective arc-discharge synthesis of Dy 2 S-clusterfullerenes and their isomer-dependent single molecule magnetism
published pages: 6451-6465, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/C7SC02395B
Chemical Science 8/9 2019-06-06
2018 Alexey A. Popov
Redox-active metal–metal bonds between lanthanides in dimetallofullerenes
published pages: 73-80, ISSN: 2451-9103, DOI: 10.1016/j.coelec.2017.12.003
Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 8 2019-06-06
2018 G. Velkos, D. S. Krylov, K. Kirkpatrick, X. Liu, L. Spree, A. U. B. Wolter, B. Büchner, H. C. Dorn, A. A. Popov
Giant exchange coupling and field-induced slow relaxation of magnetization in Gd 2 @C 79 N with a single-electron Gd–Gd bond
published pages: 2902-2905, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c8cc00112j
Chemical Communications 54/23 2019-06-06
2017 Fupin Liu, Song Wang, Cong-Li Gao, Qingming Deng, Xianjun Zhu, Aram Kostanyan, Rasmus Westerström, Fei Jin, Su-Yuan Xie, Alexey A. Popov, Thomas Greber, Shangfeng Yang
Mononuclear Clusterfullerene Single-Molecule Magnet Containing Strained Fused-Pentagons Stabilized by a Nearly Linear Metal Cyanide Cluster
published pages: 1830-1834, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201611345
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56/7 2019-06-06
2016 Dmitri V. Konarev, Leokadiya V. Zorina, Salavat S. Khasanov, Alexey A. Popov, Akihiro Otsuka, Hideki Yamochi, Gunzi Saito, Rimma N. Lyubovskaya
A crystalline anionic complex of scandium nitride endometallofullerene: experimental observation of single-bonded (Sc 3 N@I h -C 80 − ) 2 dimers
published pages: 10763-10766, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c6cc05550h
Chemical Communications 52/71 2019-06-06
2016 Fupin Liu, Cong-Li Gao, Qingming Deng, Xianjun Zhu, Aram Kostanyan, Rasmus Westerström, Song Wang, Yuan-Zhi Tan, Jun Tao, Su-Yuan Xie, Alexey A. Popov, Thomas Greber, Shangfeng Yang
Triangular Monometallic Cyanide Cluster Entrapped in Carbon Cage with Geometry-Dependent Molecular Magnetism
published pages: 14764-14771, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b09329
Journal of the American Chemical Society 138/44 2019-06-06
2018 C.-H. Chen, D. S. Krylov, S. M. Avdoshenko, F. Liu, L. Spree, R. Westerström, C. Bulbucan, M. Studniarek, J. Dreiser, A. U. B. Wolter, B. Büchner, A. A. Popov
Magnetic hysteresis in self-assembled monolayers of Dy-fullerene single molecule magnets on gold
published pages: 11287-11292, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/C8NR00511G
Nanoscale 10/24 2019-06-06
2016 Katrin Junghans, Marco Rosenkranz, Alexey A. Popov
Sc 3 CH@C 80 : selective 13 C enrichment of the central carbon atom
published pages: 6561-6564, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/C5CC10025A
Chem. Commun. 52/39 2019-06-06
2015 Michal Zalibera, Peter Machata, Tyler T. Clikeman, Marco Rosenkranz, Steven H. Strauss, Olga V. Boltalina, Alexey A. Popov
19 F NMR-, ESR-, and vis-NIR-spectroelectrochemical study of the unconventional reduction behaviour of a perfluoroalkylated fullerene: dimerization of the C 70 (CF 3 ) 10 − radical anion
published pages: 7209-7216, ISSN: 0003-2654, DOI: 10.1039/C5AN01129A
The Analyst 140/21 2019-06-06
2017 Allison M. Rice, W. Brett Fellows, Ekaterina A. Dolgopolova, Andrew B. Greytak, Aaron K. Vannucci, Mark D. Smith, Stavros G. Karakalos, Jeanette A. Krause, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Alexey A. Popov, Natalia B. Shustova
Hierarchical Corannulene-Based Materials: Energy Transfer and Solid-State Photophysics
published pages: 4525-4529, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201612199
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56/16 2019-06-06
2018 Michal Zalibera, Denis S. Krylov, Dimitrios Karagiannis, Paul-Anton Will, Frank Ziegs, Sandra Schiemenz, Wolfgang Lubitz, Sebastian Reineke, Anton Savitsky, Alexey A. Popov
Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence in a Y 3 N@C 80 Endohedral Fullerene: Time-Resolved Luminescence and EPR Studies
published pages: 277-281, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201710637
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57/1 2019-06-06
2017 Sebastian Schimmel, Zhixiang Sun, Danny Baumann, Denis Krylov, Nataliya Samoylova, Alexey Popov, Bernd Büchner, Christian Hess
Adsorption characteristics of Er 3 N@C 80 on W(110) and Au(111) studied via scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy
published pages: 1127-1134, ISSN: 2190-4286, DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.8.114
Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 8 2019-06-06
2016 Katrin Junghans, Kamran B. Ghiassi, Nataliya A. Samoylova, Qingming Deng, Marco Rosenkranz, Marilyn M. Olmstead, Alan L. Balch, Alexey A. Popov
Synthesis and Isolation of the Titanium-Scandium Endohedral Fullerenes-Sc 2 TiC@ I h -C 80 , Sc 2 TiC@ D 5 h -C 80 and Sc 2 TiC 2 @ I h -C 80 : Metal Size Tuning of the Ti IV /Ti III Redox Potentials
published pages: 13098-13107, ISSN: 0947-6539, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201601655
Chemistry - A European Journal 22/37 2019-06-06
2015 Katrin Junghans, Christin Schlesier, Aram Kostanyan, Nataliya A. Samoylova, Qingming Deng, Marco Rosenkranz, Sandra Schiemenz, Rasmus Westerström, Thomas Greber, Bernd Büchner, Alexey A. Popov
Methane as a Selectivity Booster in the Arc-Discharge Synthesis of Endohedral Fullerenes: Selective Synthesis of the Single-Molecule Magnet Dy 2 TiC@C 80 and Its Congener Dy 2 TiC 2 @C 80
published pages: 13411-13415, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201505870
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 54/45 2019-06-06
2017 Nataliya A. Samoylova, Stanislav M. Avdoshenko, Denis S. Krylov, Hannah R. Thompson, Amelia C. Kirkhorn, Marco Rosenkranz, Sandra Schiemenz, Frank Ziegs, Anja U. B. Wolter, Shangfeng Yang, Steven Stevenson, Alexey A. Popov
Confining the spin between two metal atoms within the carbon cage: redox-active metal–metal bonds in dimetallofullerenes and their stable cation radicals
published pages: 7977-7990, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/c7nr02288c
Nanoscale 9/23 2019-06-06
2017 Fabian Fritz, Rasmus Westerström, Aram Kostanyan, Christin Schlesier, Jan Dreiser, Benjamin Watts, Lothar Houben, Martina Luysberg, Stanislav M Avdoshenko, Alexey A Popov, Claus M Schneider, Carola Meyer
Nanoscale x-ray investigation of magnetic metallofullerene peapods
published pages: 435703, ISSN: 0957-4484, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa8b4c
Nanotechnology 28/43 2019-06-06
2017 Bennett J. Eleazer, Mark D. Smith, Alexey A. Popov, Dmitry V. Peryshkov
Rapid reversible borane to boryl hydride exchange by metal shuttling on the carborane cluster surface
published pages: 5399-5407, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c7sc01846k
Chemical Science 8/8 2019-06-06

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