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Why is Business in Some Countries More Hostile to Social Redistribution than in Others?

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "BUSWEL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: CAMPUSVEJ 55
city: ODENSE M
postcode: 5230

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Denmark [DK]
 Project website
 Total cost 200˙194 €
 EC max contribution 200˙194 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-10-01   to  2018-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    SYDDANSK UNIVERSITET DK (ODENSE M) coordinator 200˙194.00


 Project objective

Can differences in the attitudes and organization of business interests explain differences in the politics of social redistribution across countries? Since the 1970s, Europe and the United States have diverged in terms of how taxation and welfare policies ameliorate income inequality: In the United States, far-reaching policy changes have produced a substantial rise in income inequality, while income inequality in many European countries has increased to a much lesser extent. BUSWEL analyzes how the strategies and activities of business interest groups have contributed to these diverging outcomes. The project compares policy positions and strategies of business interest groups in five countries: Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Austria, and the United States. These five countries have been selected because of their different policies of redistribution and different levels of inequality. The project focuses on three policy issues that are assumed to have an effect on social redistribution: corporate tax cuts, payroll tax cuts and deregulation of employment protection. The project aims to document differences in policy positions of business interest groups in these fields across countries and to identify the impact of these differences on the differing trajectories of policy change across countries.

The project bridges theoretical perspectives from sociology, political science, and history. The insights gained from this project on the political goals and strategies of business interest groups will be useful for national and European policy-makers confronting demands by business representatives. The project will be carried out at the Center for Welfare State Research at the University of Southern Denmark, a major center for research and expertise on welfare state politics and political economy. (1554 characters)


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Thomas Paster, Dennie Oude Nijhuis, Maximilian Kiecker
To Extend or Not to Extend: Explaining the Divergent Use of Statutory Bargaining Extensions in the Netherlands and Germany
published pages: 1-26, ISSN: 0007-1080, DOI: 10.1111/bjir.12514
British Journal of Industrial Relations 2019 2020-01-14
2019 Thomas Paster
Wie beeinflussen Arbeitsanreizerwartungen die sozialpolitischen Positionen der deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände?
published pages: 305-332, ISSN: 0514-2776, DOI: 10.1515/zsr-2019-0012
Zeitschrift für Sozialreform 65/3 2019-11-07
2017 Thomas Paster
How Do Business Interest Groups Respond to Political Challenges? A Study of the Politics of German Employers
published pages: 674-689, ISSN: 1356-3467, DOI: 10.1080/13563467.2018.1384453
New Political Economy 23/6 2019-10-08
2019 Fontana, Silvia Minas, Stephen Paster, Thomas
How can the EU contribute to better transnational economic governance?
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
FEPS YAN Papers 2019 2019-10-03
2019 Jeppe Nevers, Thomas Paster
Business and the Nordic Welfare States, 1890-1970: Introduction to the Special Issue
published pages: 1-17, ISSN: 0346-8755, DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2019.1658621
Scandinavian Journal of History 05/2019 2019-09-09
2019 Thomas Paster Michael Baggesen Klitgaard
How Governments Respond to Business Demands for Tax Cuts: An analysis ofCorporate and Inheritance Tax Reforms in Austria and Sweden
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
CES Open Forum Series 2019-05-09

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