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GRAIL

GREEN ADVANCED HIGH ENERGY PROPELLANTS FOR LAUNCHERS

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "GRAIL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
TOTALFORSVARETS FORSKNINGSINSTITUT 

Organization address
address: Gullfossgatan 6
city: STOCKHOLM
postcode: 164 90
website: www.foi.se

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Sweden [SE]
 Project website http://www.grail-h2020.eu
 Total cost 3˙131˙333 €
 EC max contribution 3˙131˙333 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.2.1.6.1. (Enabling European competitiveness, non-dependence and innovation of the European space sector)
 Code Call H2020-COMPET-2014
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-02-01   to  2018-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TOTALFORSVARETS FORSKNINGSINSTITUT SE (STOCKHOLM) coordinator 1˙271˙577.00
2    FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V. DE (MUNCHEN) participant 570˙866.00
3    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) participant 414˙512.00
4    POLITECNICO DI MILANO IT (MILANO) participant 385˙937.00
5    AVIO SPA IT (ROMA) participant 242˙850.00
6    EURENCO Bofors AB SE (KARLSKOGA) participant 170˙368.00
7    THE INNER ARCHSARL FR (Poissy) participant 75˙221.00
8    AVIO SPA IT (ROMA) participant 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Solid rocket motors are today the most cost effective, competitive and reliable propulsion technology for space launch systems. State of the art solid rocket propellants are based on the oxidizer ammonium perchlorate, AP, and aluminium powder, embedded in a polymer binder matrix. Unfortunately, AP has a negative impact on the environment and on personal health due to ozone depletion, thyroid gland interference and acid rain formation.

The objective of the GRAIL project is to determine if it is possible to replace AP by using a mixture of the new green high energy density oxidizer ammonium dinitramide, ADN, and the low cost oxidizer ammonium nitrate, AN. A high energy density green solid propellant will be developed and compared with state of the art solid propellants with respect to safety, performance and cost, to determine if replacing AP with ADN/AN is a feasible option.

The results will serve as important input for decision makers when considering development of future European launch systems.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Launcher analysis and cost benefits Documents, reports 2019-03-06 12:33:04
2nd Project Report Documents, reports 2019-03-06 09:54:46
3rd Project Report Documents, reports 2019-03-08 17:27:58
Large scale motor testing Documents, reports 2019-03-08 17:27:58
Workshop Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-03-08 17:27:58
Project Final Report Documents, reports 2019-03-08 17:27:47
Small scale motor testing Documents, reports 2019-01-09 15:30:46
Dissemination report Documents, reports 2019-03-08 17:28:04
1st Project Report Documents, reports 2019-02-12 12:38:36
Public web page Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-02-12 12:38:36
Propellant requirements and future demands Documents, reports 2019-03-07 17:30:58

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of GRAIL deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Z. El Sayah, R. Brahmi, R. Beauchet, Y. Batonneau, C. Kappenstein
Synthesis, characterization and treatment of alane (aluminium hydride, AlH3)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-478
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2017 Maggi, F.; Arosio, L.; Galfetti, L.
Catalyst Screening for Ammonium Nitrate Oxidizer
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-520
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2018 Filippo Maggi, Priya Garg
Fragmentation of Ammonium Nitrate Particles under Thermal Cycling
published pages: 1-6, ISSN: 0721-3115, DOI: 10.1002/prep.201700230
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 43 2019-05-28
2017 V. Gettwert, C. Tagliabue, V. Weiser.
Burning Behavior of Aluminized ADN/PSAN Propellants
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-72
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2017 X. Sécordel, D. Daigurande, R. Beauchet, Y. Batonneau, C. Kappenstein, N. Wingborg
Calculated and experimental binary phase diagrams for ADN and AN based solid propellants – H2020 GRAIL project
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-502
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2017 Cristilli, F.; Weiser, V.; Maggi, F.; Imiolek, A.; Tagliabue, C.; Gettwert, V.; Dossi, S.
Burning Behavior of ADN-Based Propellants Loaded with Al-Mg Mechanically Activated Powders
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-429
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2017 N. Wingborg, M. Skarstind, M. Sjöblom, A. Lindborg, M. Brantlind, J. Johansson, S. Ek, M. Liljedahl and J. Kjellberg
GRAIL: Green Solid Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-560
EUCASS 2019-05-28
2016 C. Tagliabue, V. Weiser, A. Imiolek, M.A. Bohn, T. Heintz, V. Gettwert
Burning Behavior of AN/ADN Propellants
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
47th International Annual Conference of the Fraunhofer ICT. Karlsruhe, Germany. June 28 – July 1, 2016 2019-05-27
2015 V. Gettwert, C. Tagliabue, V. Weiser and A. Imiolek
Green Advanced High Energy Propellants for Launchers (GRAIL) - First results on the Burning Behavior of AN/ADN Propellants
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
6th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences, Krakow Poland, 29 June-3 July 2015 2019-05-27
2016 F. Maggi, S. Dossi, C. Paravan, G. Colombo, L. Galfetti, Z. El Sayah, R. Brahmi, R. Beauchet, Y. Batonneau, C. Kappenstein
AlH3-Based Solid Propellant Development and Characterization in GRAIL H2020 Project
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Space Propulsion. Rome, Italy. 2-6 May 2016 2019-05-27
2016 N. Wingborg, M. Calabro.
Green Solid Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Space Propulsion. Rome, Italy. 2-6 May 2016 2019-05-27
2016 C. Tagliabue, V. Gettwert, M. Bohn, T. Heintz, T. Keicher, V. Weiser
ADN/AN Propellants as Green Advanced High Energy Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Space Propulsion. Rome, Italy. 2-6 May 2016 2019-05-27
2016 M. Calabro, N. Wingborg
Green Solid Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
67th International Astronautical Congress. Guadalajara, Mexico, September 26 – 30, 2016 2019-05-27
2016 S. Ek, H. Stenmark, H. Skifs, M. Skarstind, J. Johansson, N. Wingborg
ADN: Production, Properties and Future Perspectives
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Space Propulsion. Rome, Italy. 2-6 May 2016 2019-05-27
2015 Niklas Wingborg
Green Solid Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
5th CEAS Air & Space Conference, Delft the Netherlands, 7-11 September 2015. 2019-05-27
2016 N. Wingborg
GRAIL: A European Initiative to Develop Green Solid Propellants for Launchers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
47th International Annual Conference of the Fraunhofer ICT. Karlsruhe, Germany. June 28 – July 1, 2016 2019-05-27
2016 J. Johansson, S. Ek, M. Skarstind
One-step synthesis of ADN from FOX-12
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
47th International Annual Conference of the Fraunhofer ICT. Karlsruhe, Germany. June 28 – July 1, 2016 2019-05-27

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