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PERIF SIGNED

Perivascular cells at the crossroads of inflammation, regeneration and fibrosis

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 PERIF project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PERIF project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PERIF" about.

fibrotic    bowel    foreign    avenues    chronic    world    diversity    medicine    industrialized    threatening    drew    vascular    massive    wound    survival    profibrotic    functional    protective    kidney    questions    functions    muscular    excessive    hindered    regulating    disease    unexpected    point    identification    initially    mediators    perivascular    scar    team    inflammatory    activation    fibrosis    variously    injury    vessels    neutralize    inflammation    contaminated    transiently    partial    mechanisms    regeneration    host    lung    source    invaders    mediated    scarring    agent    normal    regulation    adult    generating    dystrophies    cells    organ    biological    discrete    recovery    beneficial    scleroderma    blood    replaces    roles    relative    wraps    harmful    function    injured    fibrous    half    therapeutic    mural    paving    area    collectively    cancer    organisms    nearly    pericytes    eliminate    intend    damaged    mesenchymal    birth    last    previously    stromal    tissues    tissue    immune    deaths    tumors    inappropriate    necrotic    liver    notable    usually    fight    settings    cardiovascular    life    diseases    heal    repair    preventing    population    data    suggests   

Project "PERIF" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
INSTITUT PASTEUR 

Organization address
address: RUE DU DOCTEUR ROUX 25-28
city: PARIS CEDEX 15
postcode: 75724
website: http://www.pasteur.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙976˙100 €
 EC max contribution 1˙976˙100 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-11-01   to  2021-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUT PASTEUR FR (PARIS CEDEX 15) coordinator 1˙976˙100.00

Map

 Project objective

The survival of organisms requires the ability to repair tissues upon injury, as well as, after birth, to fight foreign invaders that may have contaminated the wound. This last function is mediated by a complex host response involving immune cells, blood vessels and inflammatory mediators that collectively intend to neutralize the harmful agent and eliminate damaged/necrotic tissue. Initially beneficial, this massive inflammatory response comes with a cost, and adult injured tissues usually heal with a scar, which is an area of fibrous tissue that transiently replaces normal tissue. In chronic settings, scarring can become excessive in a process called fibrosis, to the point of preventing functional recovery of the injured organ and be life threatening. Nearly half of all deaths in industrialized world are due to diseases involving inappropriate, often chronic, inflammatory and fibrotic responses, including lung, kidney and liver diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel diseases, muscular dystrophies, cardiovascular diseases, and tumors. However our current knowledge of the biological processes regulating fibrosis is partial, which has hindered therapeutic advances in the field. Recent data from our team and others drew new attention on a discrete population of mesenchymal cells that wraps around vessels, variously called mural cells, perivascular cells or pericytes, as a major source for profibrotic stromal cells generating scar tissue. Previously known for their vascular protective functions, increasing evidence suggests new and unexpected roles for these cells also in inflammation, repair/regeneration, and cancer. These new findings raise a number of challenging questions relative to their functional diversity, as well as mechanisms of activation/ regulation in disease. The identification and specific targeting of functional subsets of mesenchymal perivascular cells may have notable impact in research and medicine, paving the way for new therapeutic avenues in inflammatory/fibrotic diseases and cancer.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Selene E. Di Carlo, Lucie Peduto
The perivascular origin of pathological fibroblasts
published pages: 54-63, ISSN: 0021-9738, DOI: 10.1172/JCI93558
Journal of Clinical Investigation 128/1 2019-07-25
2017 Igor Stzepourginski, Giulia Nigro, Jean-Marie Jacob, Sophie Dulauroy, Philippe J. Sansonetti, G?rard Eberl, Lucie Peduto
CD34 + mesenchymal cells are a major component of the intestinal stem cells niche at homeostasis and after injury
published pages: E506-E513, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1620059114
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114/4 2019-07-25

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