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FamilyComplexity SIGNED

Intergenerational Reproduction and Solidarity in an Era of Family Complexity

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "FamilyComplexity" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: SPUI 21
postcode: 1012WX

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙499˙533 €
 EC max contribution 2˙499˙533 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-11-01   to  2020-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM NL (AMSTERDAM) coordinator 1˙789˙533.00


 Project objective

One of the important consequences of the Second Demographic Transition has been the increasing complexity of families. The aim of this project is to study how rising family complexity has affected two fundamental aspects of intergenerational relationships: reproduction and solidarity. Theoretically, family complexity is distinguished into four dimensions: (a) the length, timing and nature of exposure to the child, (c) biological relatedness to the child, and (c) characteristics of parent-parent ties (triadic effects), (d) characteristics of the wider family network. Using insights from several disciplines, I develop a common theoretical framework for understanding intergenerational reproduction and solidarity. To test the theory, an innovative multiactor survey is developed with an oversampling strategy in which for each adult child, information is collected on all parent figures, and for each parent, information on all adult children. In addition, register data are used to analyze one aspect of reproduction in a dynamic fashion (educational reproduction) and vignette data are used to analyze one aspect of solidarity in more depth (norms prescribing solidarity). By studying reproduction and solidarity as outcomes, I shift the traditional focus from examining how the SDT has affected individual well-being, to the question of how the SDT has affected relationships. In doing so, I analyze a new problem in demography and sociology and contribute to classic debates about population ageing and social inequality. Theoretically, the study of family complexity yields unique opportunities to test ideas about the nature of intergenerational relationships and will shed new light on the traditional dichotomy of social vis-à-vis biological bases of intergenerational relationships. Methodological innovation is made by developing solutions for well-known problems of multiactor data, thereby strengthening the theoretical relevance of survey data for the social sciences.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Suzanne G. de Leeuw, Matthijs Kalmijn, Ruben van Gaalen
The intergenerational transmission of educational attainment among non-residential fathers and their children
published pages: 40-50, ISSN: 0276-5624, DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.004
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 55 2019-10-29
2017 Matthijs Kalmijn
The Ambiguous Link between Marriage and Health: A Dynamic Reanalysis of Loss and Gain Effects
published pages: 1607-1636, ISSN: 0037-7732, DOI: 10.1093/sf/sox015
Social Forces 95/4 2019-10-29
2016 Matthijs Kalmijn
Father–Child Contact, Interparental Conflict, and Depressive Symptoms among Children of Divorced Parents
published pages: 68-80, ISSN: 0266-7215, DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcv095
European Sociological Review 32/1 2019-10-29
2017 Katya Ivanova
Division of Childcare in Two-Biological-Parent and Step-Parent Households: Importance of Parental Gender and Type of Partnership
published pages: 661-674, ISSN: 0266-7215, DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcx065
European Sociological Review 33/5 2019-10-29
2015 Kalmijn, M.
Father-Child Relations after Divorce in Four European Countries: Patterns and Determinants
published pages: , ISSN: 1869-8980, DOI: 10.12765/CPoS-2015-10en
Comparative Population Studies 2019-10-29
2017 Matthijs Kalmijn
Family Structure and the Well-Being of Immigrant Children in Four European Countries
published pages: 927-963, ISSN: 0197-9183, DOI: 10.1111/imre.12262
International Migration Review 51/4 2019-10-29
2016 Thijs Bol, Matthijs Kalmijn
Grandparents\' resources and grandchildren\'s schooling: Does grandparental involvement moderate the grandparent effect?
published pages: 155-170, ISSN: 0049-089X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.09.011
Social Science Research 55 2019-10-29
2018 Lonneke van den Berg, Matthijs Kalmijn, Thomas Leopold
Family Structure and Early Home Leaving: A Mediation Analysis
published pages: , ISSN: 0168-6577, DOI: 10.1007/s10680-017-9461-1
European Journal of Population 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn
The Effects of Ageing on Intergenerational Support Exchange: A New Look at the Hypothesis of Flow Reversal
published pages: , ISSN: 0168-6577, DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9472-6
European Journal of Population 2019-10-29
2016 Thomas Leopold, Matthijs Kalmijn
Is Divorce More Painful When Couples Have Children? Evidence From Long-Term Panel Data on Multiple Domains of Well-being
published pages: 1717-1742, ISSN: 0070-3370, DOI: 10.1007/s13524-016-0518-2
Demography 53/6 2019-10-29
2017 van Spijker, F. van der Houwen, K. & van Gaalen, R.
Invloed ouderlijk opleidingsniveau reikt tot ver in het voortgezet onderwijs
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Economisch-Statistische Berichten 4749 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn, Katya Ivanova, Ruben van Gaalen, Suzanne G de Leeuw, Kirsten van Houdt, Frederique van Spijker, Maaike Hornstra
A Multi-Actor Study of Adult Children and Their Parents in Complex Families: Design and Content of the OKiN Survey
published pages: , ISSN: 0266-7215, DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcy016
European Sociological Review 2019-10-29
2016 Mirjam M. Fischer, Matthijs Kalmijn, Stephanie Steinmetz
Does tolerance matter? A comparative study of well-being of persons in same-sex and mixed-sex unions across nine European countries
published pages: 514-534, ISSN: 1461-6696, DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2016.1207793
European Societies 18/5 2019-10-29
2017 Kalmijn, M., K. Ivanova, R. van Gaalen, S. de Leeuw, K. van Houdt, F. van Spijker.
A multi-actor study of adult children and their parents in the Netherlands
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn, Thomas Leopold
Changing Sibling Relationships After Parents\' Death: The Role of Solidarity and Kinkeeping
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-2445, DOI: 10.1111/jomf.12509
Journal of Marriage and Family 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn
Contact and conflict between adult children and their parents in immigrant families: is integration problematic for family relationships?
published pages: 1-20, ISSN: 1369-183X, DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2018.1522245
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn
Family structure and father absence among immigrant children: The role of migration, religion, and inequality
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Growing up in diverse societies: The integration of the children of immigrants in England, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn
Secondary traumatization, relationship problems, and adult children’s well-being: Long-term effects of World War II in the Netherlands
published pages: 70-79, ISSN: 1040-2608, DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.004
Advances in Life Course Research 36 2019-10-29
2018 Lonneke van den Berg, Matthijs Kalmijn, Thomas Leopold
Leaving and Returning Home: A New Approach to Off-Time Transitions
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-2445, DOI: 10.1111/jomf.12550
Journal of Marriage and Family 2019-10-29
2017 Matthijs Kalmijn, Gerbert Kraaykamp
Determinants of cultural assimilation in the second generation. A longitudinal analysis of values about marriage and sexuality among Moroccan and Turkish migrants
published pages: 697-717, ISSN: 1369-183X, DOI: 10.1080/1369183x.2017.1363644
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 44/5 2019-10-29
2018 Matthijs Kalmijn
Guilt in Adult Mother–Child Relationships: Connections to Intergenerational Ambivalence and Support
published pages: , ISSN: 1079-5014, DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gby077
The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 2019-10-29

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The information about "FAMILYCOMPLEXITY" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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