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MULTIATTACK SIGNED

Plant adaptations to unpredictable attack by dynamic insect communities

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "MULTIATTACK" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 

Organization address
address: DROEVENDAALSESTEEG 4
city: WAGENINGEN
postcode: 6708 PB
website: http://www.wageningenur.nl/nl.htm

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website http://www.erikpoelman.com
 Total cost 1˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-02-01   to  2021-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY NL (WAGENINGEN) coordinator 1˙500˙000.00

Map

 Project objective

Individual plants are exposed to many stresses with insect herbivores being a prominent one. The occurrence of insect herbivores may be unpredictable in terms of when, by which species, and in which order the attack will take place. To deal with unpredictability of attack, plants are phenotypically plastic in their defence. They respond to attackers with the induction of specific defences and saving costs of defence in their absence. However, the induced plant phenotype may attract additional herbivores, alter the entire community composition of attackers and limit physiological capabilities of plant responses to subsequent attackers. An optimal response to one attacker should thus anticipate these consequences of induced responses. To understand the adaptive nature of plant plasticity to herbivore attack, it is essential to assess fitness consequences of an induced response when plants are exposed to multi-herbivory by their entire insect community. This requires a novel approach of comparing plant species adaptations in defence plasticity to the level of predictability in the dynamics of their insect community, such as order of herbivore arrival. To do so, this research proposal has three objectives: 1) Identifying the predictability of dynamic attacker communities of Brassicaceae species, 2) Understanding physiological adaptations to (un)predictable multi-herbivore attack, and 3) Identifying consistency in responses of insect herbivores to induced phenotypes of different Brassicaceae. By integrating community ecology with network inference modelling of insect communities, the nature of predictability of insect communities of nine annual Brassicaceae plant species will be identified and linked to species-specific physiological adaptations to multi-herbivory. This multidisciplinary community approach will provide novel insights into the evolution of plant phenotypic plasticity in defence, which is a central paradigm in the field of plant-insect interactions.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Feng Zhu, Antonino Cusumano, Janneke Bloem, Berhane T. Weldegergis, Alexandre Villela, Nina E. Fatouros, Joop J. A. van Loon, Marcel Dicke, Jeffrey A. Harvey, Heiko Vogel, Erik H. Poelman
Symbiotic polydnavirus and venom reveal parasitoid to its hyperparasitoids
published pages: 5205-5210, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1717904115
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115/20 2020-03-06
2018 Antonino Cusumano, Feng Zhu, Anne-Nathalie Volkoff, Patrick Verbaarschot, Janneke Bloem, Heiko Vogel, Marcel Dicke, Erik H. Poelman
Parasitic wasp-associated symbiont affects plant-mediated species interactions between herbivores
published pages: 957-967, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12952
Ecology Letters 21/7 2020-03-06
2018 Jorad de Vries, Erik H Poelman, Niels Anten, Jochem B Evers
Elucidating the interaction between light competition and herbivore feeding patterns using functional–structural plant modelling
published pages: 1019-1031, ISSN: 0305-7364, DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcx212
Annals of Botany 121/5 2020-03-06
2019 Yavanna Aartsma, Antonino Cusumano, Maite Fernández de Bobadilla, Quint Rusman, Ilka Vosteen, Erik H Poelman
Understanding insect foraging in complex habitats by comparing trophic levels: insights from specialist host-parasitoid-hyperparasitoid systems
published pages: 54-60, ISSN: 2214-5745, DOI: 10.1016/j.cois.2018.11.001
Current Opinion in Insect Science 32 2020-03-06

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The information about "MULTIATTACK" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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