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Autonomous Soft Robots Without Electronics

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 ANSWER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ANSWER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ANSWER" about.

perform    dielectric    external    sensors    mechanisms    artificial    dea    materials    piezoresistive    expensive    switches    electrodes    found    modern    monitor    actuator    dresden    structures    actuators    auckland    functions    heavy    robots    sensor    density    practical    technologies    lightweight    environmental    signal    flexible    act    de    transferred    nature    robotic    werner    university    commercial    strains    components    actuation    gearboxes    impressive    tu    membranes    electronic    strained    biological    elastomers    mechanically    attractive    monitoring    rigid    compliant    linkages    muscle    muscles    mimicking    hartmann    logic    complicated    dess    sensing    cooperation    integration    conventional    models    biomimetics    themselves    solid    movements    generally    zentrum    behave    certain    soft    usually    designed    comprising    engines    laboratory    integrate    elastomer    made    antagonistic    consist    electronics    deas    units    react   

Project "ANSWER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 1069

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 176˙115 €
 EC max contribution 176˙115 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-01   to  2018-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Conventional robots usually consist of heavy rigid components, such as engines, gearboxes and rigid linkages that are made of high-density materials. Although they can perform complex movements and processes, they are typically not able to perform movements similar to those of biological models. Dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) allow flexible mechanisms to behave as artificial muscles. They typically consist of mechanically pre-strained elastomer membranes and compliant electrodes. They are lightweight and can produce impressive muscle-like strains. DEAs are capable of mimicking the well-established antagonistic principle found in nature. To control dielectric elastomer actuators, complex, expensive and external electronic control units are generally required, which often makes the practical application of DEA complicated and rather attractive of commercial products. However, dielectric elastomers can also act as sensors and piezoresistive switches (Dielectric elastomer switches - DESs), enabling the integration of monitoring and control functions in compliant components themselves. During the proposed project at the Biomimetics Laboratory at the University of Auckland and the TU Dresden, dielectric elastomer components will be used in complex soft robotic systems. The aim of the proposed project is to integrate sensing, signal processing and actuation by the use of only flexible dielectric elastomer components in soft robotic structures without using conventional electronics. Based on the current knowledge of the DESs at the Biomimetics Laboratory, sensor-actuator systems comprising dielectric elastomer (DE) sensors, actuators and logic switches will be designed, to monitor, evaluate and react to certain environmental conditions. The developed laboratory scale processes will be transferred to modern production technologies at the Solid State Electronics Laboratory in Dresden in cooperation with the Werner-Hartmann-Zentrum for technologies of electronics.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 E-F M Henke, Katherine E Wilson, I A Anderson
Modeling of dielectric elastomer oscillators for soft biomimetic applications
published pages: 46009, ISSN: 1748-3190, DOI: 10.1088/1748-3190/aac911
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 13/4 2019-10-08
2017 Patrin K. Illenberger, Katherine E. Wilson, E.-F. Markus Henke, Udaya K. Madawala, Iain A. Anderson
A mathematical model for an integrated self priming dielectric elastomer generator
published pages: 101630H, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1117/12.2260263
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2017 2019-06-13
2017 Katherine E. Wilson, E.-F. Markus Henke, Geoffrey A. Slipher, Iain A. Anderson
Rubbery computing
published pages: 101632H, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1117/12.2260393
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2017 2019-06-13
2017 E.-F. Markus Henke, Samuel Schlatter, Iain A. Anderson
Soft Dielectric Elastomer Oscillators Driving Bioinspired Robots
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-5172, DOI: 10.1089/soro.2017.0022
Soft Robotics 2019-06-13
2017 E.-F. Markus Henke, Katherine E. Wilson, Iain A. Anderson
Entirely soft dielectric elastomer robots
published pages: 101631N, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1117/12.2260361
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2017 2019-06-13

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