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UltraPal SIGNED

Ultimate Paleo-Ocean Records from Biogenic Calcites

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 UltraPal project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the UltraPal project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "UltraPal" about.

living    structures    ultra    isotopic    visually    quantify    temperature    2017    fundamental    characterizing    last    contributed    70    ambient    previously    genuinely    co2    biogenic    geochemical    ultrastructure    nanosims    paleo    scientific    foraminifera    offers    errors    hundred    entirely    interdisciplinary    surface    ocean    pressure    compositions    accuracy    organisms    calcitic    ultimate    oceans    anthropogenic    introduce    assessing    create    nature    fossils    sediment    ambition    broad    bernard    created    played    immense    motivation    area    heat    resolution    million    identifies    al    time    trace    dramatic    climatic    calcites    imaging    diagenesis    imperceptible    evolution    global    communications    climate    et    sink    source    burial    calcite    records    solution    biased    earth    environmental    record    permitting    proxies    enormously    efforts    close    brachiopods    shallow    reconstructions    limestone    bias   

Project "UltraPal" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE 

Organization address
address: BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
city: LAUSANNE
postcode: 1015
website: www.epfl.ch

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 2˙435˙000 €
 EC max contribution 2˙435˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-01-01   to  2023-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) coordinator 2˙435˙000.00

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 Project objective

The ambition with this proposal is to create ultimate paleo-environmental records for the oceans. This is a fundamental scientific challenge and the motivation is simple: The oceans take up 70% of the Earth’s surface area and represent an immense sink/source of, e.g., heat and CO2, which makes them key to the evolution of Earth’s climate. Assessing and understanding anthropogenic global climate change requires that role of the oceans is understood in detail. Proxies are needed to establish past ocean conditions with high accuracy. Calcite has played a fundamental role in these efforts because isotopic and trace element compositions of limestone and calcitic fossils are related to ocean conditions at the time of their formation. Geochemical studies of calcite in the ocean sediment record have therefore contributed enormously to the understanding of Earth’s climatic evolution over the last several hundred million years. However, our recent work (Bernard et al., Nature Communications, 2017) identifies a fundamental problem: Visually imperceptible, ultrastructure-level processes that occur during sediment diagenesis can introduce a very strong bias in these records, in particular those based on biogenic calcite; i.e., structures produced by living organisms such as foraminifera and brachiopods. Previously not investigated or taken into account, such ultrastructure-level diagenesis will (and does) create large errors in ocean paleo-environmental reconstructions, even under the close-to-ambient pressure and temperature conditions characterizing shallow sediment burial. This proposal offers a solution: An entirely new, interdisciplinary approach, including ultra-high-resolution isotopic imaging (NanoSIMS), is developed here to quantify these effects in a broad range of biogenic calcites, permitting genuinely non-biased, calcite-based paleo-ocean reconstructions to be created. The impact of this work on climate change research will be dramatic and immediate.

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The information about "ULTRAPAL" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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