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FEET (From Excreta to Energy, Transformation) / Hydrothermal carbonization as a sustainable solution for faecal waste treatment in less developed communities

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 FEET project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the FEET project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "FEET" about.

standard    medium    pressurized    habitants    biogas    suggested    fuel    potsdam    toilet    barriers    relatively    institutional    university    pipe    training    sanitation    organization    feedstock    fertilizer    wet    proper    host    massive    countries    carbonization    organic    serious    output    effort    water    faecal    option    practical    liquid    operation    combustion    ing    developed    despite    communities    generation    mild    global    hydrothermal    transfer    service    leibniz    generate    communal    180    amount    hamper    strategies    basic    agricultural    environmental    disposed    demand    inter    places    materials    carbonaceous    htc    small    play    months    material    receive    provision    temperature    sciences    appropriate    converts    economy    fitting    reactors    secondment    solid    treatment    hydrochar    treatments    regarding    220    zurich    bio    adsorbent    employing    switzerland    regime    facilities    engineering    valuable    contamination    batch    health    overcome    germany    energy    financial    affording    regions    specialties    situ    waste   

Project "FEET" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 8401

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 191˙149 €
 EC max contribution 191˙149 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2019
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-CAR
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-09-01   to  2022-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Despite the global effort for providing proper sanitation service to the habitants in less developed regions, still massive amount of faecal waste is disposed of in-situ resulting in serious health problems and environmental contamination. Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) technology which converts wet organic feedstock into valuable carbonaceous products under pressurized conditions in a relatively mild temperature range (180-220 ÌŠC) has been suggested as a capable option for faecal waste treatment for those places in need. However, the technical and financial barriers hamper the practical implementation of the technology. In order to overcome these challenges, this research project aims to develop an appropriate low-cost HTC system for faecal waste treatment. Batch HTC reactors will be developed employing common pipe-fitting materials, and their standard operation regime will be established. Strategies for affording the energy demand of the system will be developed based on the products from previous treatments: combustion of solid material (hydrochar) and biogas generation from liquid material (process water). Also, basic properties of the hydrochar and process water will be investigated regarding their potential use as fuel, fertilizer and adsorbent. This two-year-long project will generate new knowledge based on the specialties of participants: Zurich University of Applied Sciences (Zurich, Switzerland, host organization), Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Bio-economy (Potsdam, Germany, host of 6 months secondment) and the applicant. The applicant will receive necessary technical training in both institutions and play a role as a medium for inter-institutional knowledge transfer. The output of this project will contribute to the provision of communal toilet facilities in less developed communities and provide technical evidence for the potential of low-cost small-scale implementation of HTC system in both less developed and developed countries.

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The information about "FEET" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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