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FEET (From Excreta to Energy, Transformation) / Hydrothermal carbonization as a sustainable solution for faecal waste treatment in less developed communities

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 FEET project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the FEET project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "FEET" about.

communities    hydrothermal    proper    germany    ing    sciences    fertilizer    regarding    energy    toilet    affording    serious    regime    amount    disposed    hydrochar    converts    bio    host    provision    environmental    pipe    organic    demand    wet    habitants    developed    feedstock    suggested    zurich    carbonization    barriers    play    regions    combustion    agricultural    employing    financial    institutional    appropriate    university    faecal    mild    operation    relatively    facilities    organization    generation    inter    valuable    health    hamper    receive    massive    despite    reactors    secondment    material    htc    batch    service    effort    specialties    temperature    communal    adsorbent    carbonaceous    basic    economy    treatments    medium    transfer    strategies    training    output    materials    liquid    180    switzerland    option    situ    water    220    fitting    pressurized    small    generate    leibniz    engineering    waste    fuel    solid    biogas    treatment    sanitation    standard    practical    places    countries    months    contamination    potsdam    overcome    global   

Project "FEET" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 8401

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 191˙149 €
 EC max contribution 191˙149 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2019
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-CAR
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-09-01   to  2022-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Despite the global effort for providing proper sanitation service to the habitants in less developed regions, still massive amount of faecal waste is disposed of in-situ resulting in serious health problems and environmental contamination. Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) technology which converts wet organic feedstock into valuable carbonaceous products under pressurized conditions in a relatively mild temperature range (180-220 ̊C) has been suggested as a capable option for faecal waste treatment for those places in need. However, the technical and financial barriers hamper the practical implementation of the technology. In order to overcome these challenges, this research project aims to develop an appropriate low-cost HTC system for faecal waste treatment. Batch HTC reactors will be developed employing common pipe-fitting materials, and their standard operation regime will be established. Strategies for affording the energy demand of the system will be developed based on the products from previous treatments: combustion of solid material (hydrochar) and biogas generation from liquid material (process water). Also, basic properties of the hydrochar and process water will be investigated regarding their potential use as fuel, fertilizer and adsorbent. This two-year-long project will generate new knowledge based on the specialties of participants: Zurich University of Applied Sciences (Zurich, Switzerland, host organization), Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Bio-economy (Potsdam, Germany, host of 6 months secondment) and the applicant. The applicant will receive necessary technical training in both institutions and play a role as a medium for inter-institutional knowledge transfer. The output of this project will contribute to the provision of communal toilet facilities in less developed communities and provide technical evidence for the potential of low-cost small-scale implementation of HTC system in both less developed and developed countries.

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The information about "FEET" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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