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FEET (From Excreta to Energy, Transformation) / Hydrothermal carbonization as a sustainable solution for faecal waste treatment in less developed communities

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 FEET project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the FEET project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "FEET" about.

months    wet    fertilizer    organic    inter    regime    medium    pressurized    switzerland    carbonaceous    liquid    sanitation    places    employing    despite    economy    biogas    affording    service    180    materials    output    secondment    sciences    converts    relatively    communal    toilet    220    training    practical    university    small    contamination    energy    faecal    appropriate    communities    hydrochar    fuel    specialties    receive    material    proper    institutional    solid    temperature    demand    zurich    regarding    pipe    situ    carbonization    environmental    generate    valuable    option    developed    habitants    health    water    combustion    generation    transfer    ing    mild    htc    suggested    engineering    treatment    regions    treatments    global    organization    germany    hamper    fitting    standard    hydrothermal    massive    barriers    potsdam    basic    host    financial    effort    disposed    play    waste    countries    facilities    strategies    amount    serious    batch    adsorbent    operation    leibniz    reactors    overcome    bio    provision    agricultural    feedstock   

Project "FEET" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 8401

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 191˙149 €
 EC max contribution 191˙149 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2019
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-CAR
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-09-01   to  2022-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Despite the global effort for providing proper sanitation service to the habitants in less developed regions, still massive amount of faecal waste is disposed of in-situ resulting in serious health problems and environmental contamination. Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) technology which converts wet organic feedstock into valuable carbonaceous products under pressurized conditions in a relatively mild temperature range (180-220 ÌŠC) has been suggested as a capable option for faecal waste treatment for those places in need. However, the technical and financial barriers hamper the practical implementation of the technology. In order to overcome these challenges, this research project aims to develop an appropriate low-cost HTC system for faecal waste treatment. Batch HTC reactors will be developed employing common pipe-fitting materials, and their standard operation regime will be established. Strategies for affording the energy demand of the system will be developed based on the products from previous treatments: combustion of solid material (hydrochar) and biogas generation from liquid material (process water). Also, basic properties of the hydrochar and process water will be investigated regarding their potential use as fuel, fertilizer and adsorbent. This two-year-long project will generate new knowledge based on the specialties of participants: Zurich University of Applied Sciences (Zurich, Switzerland, host organization), Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Bio-economy (Potsdam, Germany, host of 6 months secondment) and the applicant. The applicant will receive necessary technical training in both institutions and play a role as a medium for inter-institutional knowledge transfer. The output of this project will contribute to the provision of communal toilet facilities in less developed communities and provide technical evidence for the potential of low-cost small-scale implementation of HTC system in both less developed and developed countries.

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The information about "FEET" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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