Opendata, web and dolomites


Chemical and metallurgical aspects of arsenical bronze: the case of arsenic-loss in prehistoric metal production

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "ARSENICLOSS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: PESSAC
postcode: 33607
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 185˙076 €
 EC max contribution 185˙076 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-07-06   to  2017-07-05


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

The main goal of this project is to investigate out-of-equilibrium Cu-As alloys, i.e. 0-10 wt.% As in the range used in the transition period between Stone and Metal ages. The research protocol is made of several steps: equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium phase diagrams in the above mentioned range, evaluation of mechanical properties of Cu-As alloys in the most common metallurgical states (as-cast, annealed, cold-hardened, recrystallized), and estimation of the loss of As during metallurgical transformations (melting/casting, homogenisation and recrystallisation annealing) according to the number of iterations and of the treatment temperature and dwell time. The fulfilment of these objectives is of high importance for materials science applied to archaeology dealing with development and usage of this very first alloy produced by human kind. The applicant will acquire and share with the scientific community new knowledge in the production, thermomechanical treatment and consequent properties of the misknown arsenical bronzes. She will use her metallurgical experience and archaeological knowledge (both matured in the field of tin-bronzes) applied to production, treatment and analyses of arsenical bronze. The additional knowledge the applicant will obtain within the project is related to the domain of phase diagrams creation and the usage of DTA, DSC and XRPD, under the supervision of experienced researchers from inorganic chemistry and metallurgy. The project as a whole will provide for the first time: 1) out-of-equilibrium phase diagrams for the Cu-As system 2) determination of chemical, physical and mechanical properties of arsenical bronze in the range of 0-10 wt.% arsenic 3) a comprehensive overview on the actual loss of arsenic during metallurgical transformations. The proposed project constitutes an excellent career-springboard for the applicant, being then the sole expert on the usage of arsenical bronze in the field of European archaeometallurgy.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Marianne Mödlinger, Maikel Kuijpers, Dennis Breakmans, Daniel Berger
Quantitative research on Colour of As-Cu, Cu-Sb, Cu-Ni, Cu-Sb-Ni alloys
published pages: , ISSN: 0305-4403, DOI:
Journal of Archaeological Science ACCEPTED 2019-07-23
2016 Mödlinger, M. – Sabatini, B.
A Re-evaluation of inverse segregation in prehistoric Cu-As objects
published pages: 60-74, ISSN: 0305-4403, DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2016.08.005
Journal of Archaeological Science 74 2019-07-23
2017 Haubner, R. - De Oro Calderon, R. - Mödlinger, M.
The loss of arsenic. New insights into prehistoric metal recycling
published pages: , ISSN: 1866-9565, DOI:
Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Science ACCEPTED 2019-07-23
2017 Marianne Mödlinger, Benjamin Sabatini
Caucasian daggers from the Late Bronze Age: masterpieces of arsenical bronze metal work
published pages: , ISSN: 2352-409X, DOI:
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports ACCEPTED 2019-07-23
2017 Barry Molloy, Marianne Mödlinger
Location and organisation of bronze craft workflows in Late Bronze Age Europe: a practical approach to material evidence and metal work
published pages: , ISSN: 1470-1375, DOI:
Journal of World Archaeology ACCEPTED 2019-07-23
2017 Rene Kunze, Tim Rödl, Marianne Mödlinger
Kaukasisches Kupfer in der Bronzezeit: Gewinnung und Einfluss
published pages: , ISSN: 1613-0804, DOI:
Prähistorische Zeitschrift 92/2 2019-07-23
2017 Marianne Mödlinger, Andreas Cziegler, Daniele Macció, Holger Schnideritsch, Benjamin Sabatini
Archaeological Arsenical Bronze: Constantly out-of-equilibrium
published pages: , ISSN: 1073-5615, DOI:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B ACCEPTED 2019-07-23

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