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ANCIENT_TEETH SIGNED

An integrative analysis of shifting trends in dental traits in human populations from Neolithic to Iron Age

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 ANCIENT_TEETH project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ANCIENT_TEETH project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ANCIENT_TEETH" about.

ancient    sex    constitute    morphology    characterising    characterisation    technological    sexing    modern    origins    ngs    multidisiciplinary    point    career    transitions    adopting    molars    training    human    place    dublin    morphometric    lower    pinhasi    plain    respectively    followed    individuals    agriculture    diet    traits    series    mu    trait    continent    resolution    starting    lifestyle    dna    data    biological    ghp    dental    hungarian    events    contemporary    stable    time    geometric    shifts    bc    university    internal    took    robin    evolution    multidisciplinarity    populations    upper    expand    millennia    ron    supervision    drs    propel    ct    cultural    feeney    successful    obtaining    subsequent    broaden    differences    dietary    prospective    isotope    sequencing    started    occlusal    complexity    cal    college    medicine    fellow    regimes    shift    archaeology    agricultural    techniques    transition    first    generation    school    caused    experts    ing    worldwide    integrating    influencing    external    health    unstudied   

Project "ANCIENT_TEETH" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN 

Organization address
address: BELFIELD
city: DUBLIN
postcode: 4
website: www.ucd.ie

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
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fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Ireland [IE]
 Project website https://beatrizgamarrarubio.com/portfolio/ancient-teeth-an-integrative-analysis-of-shifting-trends-in-dental-traits-in-human-populations-from-neolithic-to-iron-age/
 Total cost 175˙866 €
 EC max contribution 175˙866 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-06   to  2018-06-05

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN IE (DUBLIN) coordinator 175˙866.00

Map

 Project objective

The transition to an agriculture lifestyle is one of the most important events in human evolution, resulting in significant biological, cultural and health changes. This shift started in the Great Hungarian Plain (GHP) around 6,000 cal BC, followed by several cultural and technological transitions during the next several millennia. The objective of the present project is to characterize, for the first time, the changes in dental traits of past European populations and the factors influencing these transitions, integrating data from several multidisiciplinary, state-of-the-art approaches. These will include: 1) Training in and obtaining high-resolution μCT data of upper and lower molars from a unique unstudied Hungarian time-series; 2) The characterisation of internal and external dental morphology trait changes through geometric morphometric and occlusal complexity methods; 3) The use of stable isotope analyses to analyse these populations’ diet; 4) The use of modern ancient DNA techniques (Next Generation Sequencing, NGS) for sexing individuals and subsequent study of sex differences in morphology and dietary regimes through time. This project will not only expand the knowledge of the consequences of adopting agriculture, but will also explain the origins of dental health problems in contemporary populations. More importantly, it will constitute the starting point for developing a long term project characterising the dental trait changes caused by dietary shifts and will provide insight into how these transitions took place throughout the continent. The project will enable the successful collaboration between the School of Archaeology and School of Medicine in University College Dublin, under the supervision of Drs. Ron Pinhasi and Robin Feeney, worldwide experts on the agricultural transition and μCT data processing, respectively. This project will broaden the multidisciplinarity of the prospective fellow and will propel her research career in the EU and worldwide.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Beatriz Gamarra, Rachel Howcroft, Ashley McCall, János Dani, Zsigmond Hajdú, Emese Gyöngyvér Nagy, László D. Szabó, László Domboróczki, Ildikó Pap, Pál Raczky, Antónia Marcsik, Zsuzsanna K. Zoffmann, Tamás Hajdu, Robin N. M. Feeney, Ron Pinhasi
5000 years of dietary variations of prehistoric farmers in the Great Hungarian Plain
published pages: e0197214, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197214
PLOS ONE 13/5 2019-06-13

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