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POLAR

Synthetic Mimicry of Cellular Polarisation

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "POLAR" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV 

Organization address
address: HOFGARTENSTRASSE 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website https://www.biochem.mpg.de/en/rd/schwille
 Total cost 171˙460 €
 EC max contribution 171˙460 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-09-01   to  2019-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV DE (MUENCHEN) coordinator 171˙460.00

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 Project objective

Biological self-organisation through spontaneous symmetry breaking is essential for the emergence and maintenance of life. Cell polarity, where an asymmetric distribution of molecules is achieved within a cellular compartment, is one of the simplest and most studied examples. However, due to the diversity and complexity of nature, and despite the many known pathways and theoretical models, the fundamental mechanisms are still poorly understood. I propose a ‘bottom-up’ synthetic biology approach to build a synthetic system capable of mimicking cellular polarisation in an artificial compartment. Modular fusion proteins will be engineered from small, well-characterised protein domains and reconstituted into artificial membrane-bound compartments such as Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs) and microfluidic water-in-oil droplets. The self-organisation of these proteins through autocatalytic membrane-recruitment will be monitored with a variety of fluorescence microscopy techniques. In doing so, I will create a minimal, defined system in which to test general principles of biological self-organisation, abstracted from the ‘noise’ of natural systems. Further, orthogonal synthetic systems could be introduced into living organisms to control morphology and other functions, or be used to build higher-level mimics of life such as proto-cells.

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The information about "POLAR" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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