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Nanoparticle Enhanced Molten Salts for Solar Energy Storage

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "NPMSSES" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: LEEDS
postcode: LS2 9JT

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-03-01   to  2019-02-28


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS UK (LEEDS) coordinator 195˙454.00


 Project objective

Thermal energy storage is a useful method to adjust temporal mismatch between the demand and supply of solar energy systems, and latent thermal energy storage (LTES) using phase change material (PCM) has drawn increasing attentions for its high energy storage density and small temperature variation. Molten salt is a promising candidate for solar energy storage media at middle temperature range (140~300 oC). However, the low thermal conductivity of pure salt hampers the development of this technology. This proposal aims to introduce high conductive nanoparticles (NP) to improve the stability and thermo-physical properties of conventional PCMs for solar energy storage, termed as NPMSSES. Molten salts will be used as the matrix, and NPs (i.e., nickel, graphite platelet nanofibers and graphene) or expanded graphite (EG) will be introduced. It is a highly challenging yet exciting project that unites and advances the boundaries of three state-of-the-art disciplines: functional nanoparticles / nanocomposite, solar energy storage, and multiscale modelling. This work will address four main tasks: i) synthesis and characterization of NP-PCMs with good stability ii) identification thermo-physical properties of NP-PCMs under high temperature; iii) investigating their operational and heat transfer characteristics in a LTES system, including shell-tube and fluidized bed types, and iv) multiscale modeling thermo-physical properties of composite PCMs. My strong experience in experimentation with PCM and heat transfer and the vast knowledge on advanced nanomaterials synthesis and characterisation, and multiscale modelling of the host university will create the optimal environment to deliver the objectives of NPMSSES. The fellowship will be highly beneficial to establish myself as an independent researcher. It is expected that significant innovation should be made in the area of NP-PCM fabrication and mechanistic understanding of heat transfer mechanisms.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Xin Xiao*, Afrah T. Awad, Dongsheng Wen
Heat transfer performance of a solar energy storage unit infiltrated with molten salt/copper foam composite seeded with nanoparticles
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
16th UK Heat Transfer Conference 2019-09-06
2017 Xin Xiao, Peng Zhang, Dongsheng Wen
Experimental investigation on heat storage and retrieval characteristics of a molten-salt latent heat thermal energy storage system
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
24th Joint Annual Conference of CSCST and SCI 2019-09-06
2019 Hongwei Jia, Xin Xiao, Yanming Kang
Investigation of a free rising bubble with mass transfer by an arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian method
published pages: 545-557, ISSN: 0017-9310, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.03.117
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 137 2019-09-06
2019 Xin Xiao, Gan Zhang, Yulong Ding, Dongsheng Wen
Rheological Characteristics of Molten Salt Seeded with Al2O3 Nanopowder and Graphene for Concentrated Solar Power
published pages: 467, ISSN: 1996-1073, DOI: 10.3390/en12030467
Energies 12/3 2019-09-06
2018 Xin Xiao, Dongsheng Wen
Preparation and characterization of salt/nickel foam composite seeded with graphene
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
The 6th International Conference on Cryogenics and Refrigeration 2019-09-06
2018 Xin Xiao, Dongsheng Wen
Investigation on melting characteristics of eutectic molten salt in a horizontal tube
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
25th Joint Annual Conference of CSCST and SCI 2019-09-06

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