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YnotSing

Evolution of sexual dimorphisms: all about losing not choosing?

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

Views

0

 YnotSing project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the YnotSing project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "YnotSing" about.

skills    males    ecological    training    diversified    behavioural    score    dimorphism    sound    rival    network    song    differ    least    silent    canto    responsible    trait    served    correlates    phenotype    public    showed    sex    songbirds    database    independent    ancestral    species    sing    differences    repel    communication    bird    inclusive    dramatically    phylogenetic    partly    receive    leadership    darwin    phylogenetically    ecology    losses    sexual    host    goals    ed    experts    structure    science    natural    expert    elaborate    world    away    classic    drab    losing    secondment    framework    xeno    elaboration    pertinent    engage    quantitative    animal    suggested    question    tools    broad    evolution    participate    females    citizen    single    equip    probably    urgently    embark    me    ornaments    career    female    bioacoustics    mentorship    attract    compare    exhibiting    gains    character    progress    absent    history    led    showy    until   

Project "YnotSing" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN 

Organization address
address: RAPENBURG 70
city: LEIDEN
postcode: 2311 EZ
website: www.universiteitleiden.nl

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website http://www.femalebirdsong.org
 Total cost 165˙598 €
 EC max contribution 165˙598 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2018-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN NL (LEIDEN) coordinator 165˙598.00

Map

 Project objective

Males and females often differ dramatically in phenotype, with one sex exhibiting elaborate ornaments absent in the other. Darwin suggested such dimorphism evolves through sexual selection on males to attract females and repel rival males. Ever since, this framework served to explain why males are showy and females drab. Song in songbirds was a classic example (males sing and females are silent) until our recent research showed that female song is phylogenetically widespread and probably ancestral. Thus, current sex differences in song must have at least partly resulted from females evolving away from males by losing song. Therefore, the key question is not what has led to elaboration in males, but rather, what is responsible for losses in females. I will engage a network of experts from three EU institutions and the general public to participate in addressing this new, pertinent question of trait loss in a large-scale phylogenetic analysis across songbirds. I will focus on three goals important to progress in this field: (1) develop an urgently needed single quantitative score to compare song structure among species, (2) determine how gains and losses of song structure in each sex contribute to overall dimorphism, (3) compare dimorphism to a broad range of ecological and natural history correlates. From the host and partners, I will receive expert training through research in animal communication, bioacoustics, and character evolution, including advanced sound analysis tools during a Secondment and leadership training through a major citizen science project with xeno-canto, the world’s largest bird song database. This inclusive mentorship and training will equip me with diversified and advanced skills to contribute to this important research question and embark on my career goals of leading an independent, integrated research programme in behavioural ecology and evolution.

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The information about "YNOTSING" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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