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RitualModes SIGNED

Divergent modes of ritual, social cohesion, prosociality, and conflict.

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 RitualModes project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the RitualModes project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "RitualModes" about.

repeated    qualitative    action    populations    bond    motivates    bridge    inquiry    pro    violence    understandings    cohesion    groups    convicts    hundreds    war    members    exposed    psychological    fundamental    shaped    historical    revolutionary    patterns    communities    poorly    relationship    torn    model    unresolved    enacted    techniques    ritual    affectively    lasting    nature    point    debates    worldwide    combatants    understudied    authoritative    sacrifice    tightly    underlying    types    mechanisms    extreme    social    broad    nations    special    questions    collectives    basic    group    self    building    exact    societies    chart    avenues    collective    functions    code    data    12    veterans    components    frequently    ex    databases    intense    dynamics    starting    cultural    framework    forms    human    seek    millennia    insights    rarely    cultures    ingroup    blocks    examine    linked    ten    bias    motivate    allegiance    sciences    causes    rituals    quantitatively    create    alignment    humanities    scientific   

Project "RitualModes" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 

Organization address
address: WELLINGTON SQUARE UNIVERSITY OFFICES
city: OXFORD
postcode: OX1 2JD
website: www.ox.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website https://www.anthro.ox.ac.uk/ritual-modes-divergent-modes-of-ritual-social-cohesion-prosociality-and-conflict
 Total cost 2˙499˙980 €
 EC max contribution 2˙499˙980 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-10-01   to  2021-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD UK (OXFORD) coordinator 2˙459˙603.00
2    THE UNIVERSITY OF HERTFORDSHIRE HIGHER EDUCATION CORPORATION UK (HATFIELD) participant 40˙376.00

Map

 Project objective

The project aims to establish an authoritative scientific framework for understanding the relationship between group ritual, social cohesion, and pro-group behaviour. Rituals have shaped human societies for millennia, but the exact social consequences of rituals are poorly understood. The proposed research will identify the fundamental components of rituals worldwide and chart their effects on patterns of group alignment and action. Doing so will have a lasting impact on basic understandings of the nature, causes, and consequences of ritual dynamics as well as open up exciting new avenues of inquiry that bridge the humanities and social sciences.

It is proposed that within numerous cultures and group types, collective rituals come in two main forms with distinct consequences: 1) affectively-intense, rarely-enacted rituals bond group members tightly and motivate extreme self-sacrifice; 2) frequently repeated rituals create allegiance to broad collectives and motivate ingroup bias. Using this model as a starting point, the proposed research programme will seek to achieve three tightly linked objectives. Objective 1 will examine psychological mechanisms underlying rituals’ effects on group cohesion and behaviour in ten nations. Objective 2 will focus on the ritual dynamics of special populations exposed to group-related violence (e.g., war veterans, ex-convicts, war-torn communities). Objective 3 will examine the functions of ritual and cohesion in cultural group selection. Using new techniques, we will quantitatively code and analyse qualitative data on ritual and cohesion in large historical databases from hundreds of groups over the past 12,000 years. Overall, these research objectives aim to provide insights into key questions (e.g., what are the fundamental building blocks of group rituals?), understudied groups (e.g., revolutionary combatants), and unresolved debates in many fields (e.g., what motivates self-sacrifice?).

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Michael D. Buhrmester, Martha Newson, Alexandra Vázquez, Wallisen Tadashi Hattori, Harvey Whitehouse
Winning at any cost: Identity fusion, group essence, and maximizing ingroup advantage
published pages: 500-516, ISSN: 1529-8868, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2018.1452788
Self and Identity 17/5 2019-06-13
2018 Philip S. Cho, Nicolas Escoffier, Yinan Mao, April Ching, Christopher Green, Jonathan Jong, Harvey Whitehouse
Groups and Emotional Arousal Mediate Neural Synchrony and Perceived Ritual Efficacy
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-1078, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02071
Frontiers in Psychology 9 2019-06-13
2018 Michael D. Buhrmester, Dawn Burnham, Dominic D. P. Johnson, Oliver S. Curry, David W. Macdonald, Harvey Whitehouse
How Moments Become Movements: Shared Outrage, Group Cohesion, and the Lion That Went Viral
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-701X, DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2018.00054
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6 2019-06-13
2018 Daniel Austin Mullins, Daniel Hoyer, Christina Collins, Thomas Currie, Kevin Feeney, Pieter François, Patrick E. Savage, Harvey Whitehouse, Peter Turchin
A Systematic Assessment of “Axial Age” Proposals Using Global Comparative Historical Evidence
published pages: 596-626, ISSN: 0003-1224, DOI: 10.1177/0003122418772567
American Sociological Review 83/3 2019-06-13
2018 Peter Turchin, Thomas E. Currie, Harvey Whitehouse, Pieter François, Kevin Feeney, Daniel Mullins, Daniel Hoyer, Christina Collins, Stephanie Grohmann, Patrick Savage, Gavin Mendel-Gleason, Edward Turner, Agathe Dupeyron, Enrico Cioni, Jenny Reddish, Jill Levine, Greine Jordan, Eva Brandl, Alice Williams, Rudolf Cesaretti, Marta Krueger, Alessandro Ceccarelli, Joe Figliulo-Rosswurm, Po-Ju Tuan, Peter Peregrine, Arkadiusz Marciniak, Johannes Preiser-Kapeller, Nikolay Kradin, Andrey Korotayev, Alessio Palmisano, David Baker, Julye Bidmead, Peter Bol, David Christian, Connie Cook, Alan Covey, Gary Feinman, Árni Daníel Júlíusson, Axel Kristinsson, John Miksic, Ruth Mostern, Cameron Petrie, Peter Rudiak-Gould, Barend ter Haar, Vesna Wallace, Victor Mair, Liye Xie, John Baines, Elizabeth Bridges, Joseph Manning, Bruce Lockhart, Amy Bogaard, Charles Spencer
Quantitative historical analysis uncovers a single dimension of complexity that structures global variation in human social organization
published pages: E144-E151, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1708800115
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115/2 2019-06-13
2017 Martha Newson
Football, fan violence, and identity fusion
published pages: 101269021773129, ISSN: 1012-6902, DOI: 10.1177/1012690217731293
International Review for the Sociology of Sport 2019-06-13
2019 Oliver Scott Curry, Daniel Austin Mullins, Harvey Whitehouse
Is It Good to Cooperate? Testing the Theory of Morality-as-Cooperation in 60 Societies
published pages: 47-69, ISSN: 0011-3204, DOI: 10.1086/701478
Current Anthropology 60/1 2019-06-13
2018 Joshua Conrad Jackson, Jonathan Jong, David Bilkey, Harvey Whitehouse, Stefanie Zollmann, Craig McNaughton, Jamin Halberstadt
Synchrony and Physiological Arousal Increase Cohesion and Cooperation in Large Naturalistic Groups
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18023-4
Scientific Reports 8/1 2019-06-13
2018 Harvey Whitehouse
Dying for the group: Towards a general theory of extreme self-sacrifice
published pages: 1-64, ISSN: 0140-525X, DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X18000249
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2019-06-13
2019 Paul Reddish, Eddie M. W. Tong, Jonathan Jong, Harvey Whitehouse
Interpersonal synchrony affects performers’ sense of agency
published pages: 1-23, ISSN: 1529-8868, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1604427
Self and Identity 2019-06-06
2019 Christopher M. Kavanagh, Jonathan Jong, Ryan McKay, Harvey Whitehouse
Positive experiences of high arousal martial arts rituals are linked to identity fusion and costly pro-group actions
published pages: 461-481, ISSN: 0046-2772, DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2514
European Journal of Social Psychology 49/3 2019-06-06
2019 Rohan Kapitány, Christopher Kavanagh, Michael D. Buhrmester, Martha Newson, Harvey Whitehouse
Ritual, identity fusion, and the inauguration of president Trump: a pseudo-experiment of ritual modes theory
published pages: 1-31, ISSN: 1529-8868, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1578686
Self and Identity 2019-06-06
2018 R. Kapitány, C. Kavanagh, H. Whitehouse, M. Nielsen
Examining memory for ritualized gesture in complex causal sequences
published pages: 46-57, ISSN: 0010-0277, DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.08.005
Cognition 181 2019-06-06
2018 Peter Turchin, Harvey Whitehouse, Andrey Korotayev, Pieter Francois, Daniel Hoyer, Peter Peregrine, Gary Feinman, Charles Spencer, Nikolay Kradin, Thomas E. Currie
Evolutionary Pathways to Statehood: Old Theories and New Data
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/h7tr6
SocArXiv Papers 2019-06-06
2017 J. Brewer, M. Gelfand, J. C. Jackson, I. F. MacDonald, P. N. Peregrine, P. J. Richerson, P. Turchin, H. Whitehouse, D. S. Wilson
Grand challenges for the study of cultural evolution
published pages: 70, ISSN: 2397-334X, DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0070
Nature Ecology & Evolution 1/3 2019-05-24
2018 Harvey Whitehouse
Four things we need to know about extreme self-sacrifice
published pages: , ISSN: 0140-525X, DOI: 10.1017/s0140525x1800208x
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41 2019-06-06
2017 J. Brewer, M. Gelfand, J. C. Jackson, I. F. MacDonald, P. N. Peregrine, P. J. Richerson, P. Turchin, H. Whitehouse, D. S. Wilson
Grand challenges for the study of cultural evolution
published pages: 70, ISSN: 2397-334X, DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0070
Nature Ecology & Evolution 1/3 2019-06-06
2019 Harvey Whitehouse, Pieter François, Patrick E. Savage, Thomas E. Currie, Kevin C. Feeney, Enrico Cioni, Rosalind Purcell, Robert M. Ross, Jennifer Larson, John Baines, Barend ter Haar, Alan Covey, Peter Turchin
Complex societies precede moralizing gods throughout world history
published pages: 226-229, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1043-4
Nature 568/7751 2019-06-06
2019 Harvey Whitehouse, Pieter François, Patrick E. Savage, Thomas E. Currie, Kevin C. Feeney, Enrico Cioni, Rosalind Purcell, Robert M. Ross, Jennifer Larson, John Baines, Barend ter Haar, Alan Covey, Peter Turchin
Complex societies precede moralizing gods throughout world history
published pages: 226-229, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1043-4
Nature 568/7751 2019-05-24
2018 Martha Newson, Tiago Bortolini, Michael Buhrmester, Silvio Ricardo da Silva, Jefferson Nicássio Queiroga da Aquino, Harvey Whitehouse
Brazil\'s football warriors: Social bonding and inter-group violence
published pages: 675-683, ISSN: 1090-5138, DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2018.06.010
Evolution and Human Behavior 39/6 2019-06-06
2018 Michael Gantley, Harvey Whitehouse, Amy Bogaard
Material Correlates Analysis (MCA)
published pages: 328-341, ISSN: 2326-3768, DOI: 10.1017/aap.2018.9
Advances in Archaeological Practice 6/4 2019-06-06
2017 Harvey Whitehouse, Jonathan Jong, Michael D. Buhrmester, Ángel Gómez, Brock Bastian, Christopher M. Kavanagh, Martha Newson, Miriam Matthews, Jonathan A. Lanman, Ryan McKay, Sergey Gavrilets
The evolution of extreme cooperation via shared dysphoric experiences
published pages: 44292, ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/srep44292
Scientific Reports 7 2019-06-13

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