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Deciphering cell-cell and cell-microbiome interactions of innate lymphoid cells at the single cell level

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "ILCSIGNALLING" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: HERZL STREET 234
postcode: 7610001

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Israel [IL]
 Total cost 170˙509 €
 EC max contribution 170˙509 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-01-01   to  2019-12-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE IL (REHOVOT) coordinator 170˙509.00


 Project objective

Battling acute and chronic enteric disease is a priority in Europe and worldwide, especially now at the age of widespread antibiotic resistance. A network of gut immune and epithelial cells tolerates commensal microbes, while retaining its ability to initiate a potent response upon pathogenic infection. Whether and how commensal gut microbes affect the capacity of immune system to fight enteric infection remains largely unknown. This project aims to reveal how the microbiome modulates immune system focusing on recently discovered, but poorly understood innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). The Researcher will use her expertise in single cell transcriptomics to profile dozens of cell populations from the gut, coupled with computational signalling network reconstruction, to identify and characterise the cell-to-cell interactions of ILCs during infection. Microbial transplants into germ free mice and antibiotic treatments will reveal how microbiome shapes immune response, in particular how it affects inter-cellular communication. This novel systems-level approach will enable major advances in three areas of study: (I) the elucidation of cell-to-cell communication circuits; (II) the integration of ILCs into the network of intestinal immune responses; and (III) the understanding how the resident microbiota impact the host response to infection. Furthermore, this study will contribute with open-access extensive resource of cellular phenotypes and interactions during early anti-pathogen response and will provide a new computational method illustrating how to capitalise on the bounty of single-cell RNAseq data. The project will allow combining the Researcher’s expertise in single cell RNA sequencing with expertise of Elinav lab in the gut host-microbiome interactions, that will lead to bidirectional transfer of knowledge and will help the Researcher to achieve scientific independence needed to assume principle investigator position in the future.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Aleksandra A. Kolodziejczyk, Danping Zheng, Eran Elinav
Diet–microbiota interactions and personalized nutrition
published pages: 742-753, ISSN: 1740-1526, DOI: 10.1038/s41579-019-0256-8
Nature Reviews Microbiology 17/12 2020-02-28
2019 Aleksandra A Kolodziejczyk, Danping Zheng, Oren Shibolet, Eran Elinav
The role of the microbiome in NAFLD and NASH
published pages: , ISSN: 1757-4676, DOI: 10.15252/emmm.201809302
EMBO Molecular Medicine 11/2 2020-02-18

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