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PAIRPLASMA SIGNED

Creating an electron-positron plasma in a laboratory magnetosphere

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "PAIRPLASMA" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV 

Organization address
address: HOFGARTENSTRASSE 8
city: Munich
postcode: 80539
website: www.mpg.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 2˙378˙958 €
 EC max contribution 2˙378˙958 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-08-01   to  2022-07-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV DE (Munich) coordinator 2˙378˙958.00

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 Project objective

The visible Universe is predominantly in the plasma state. On Earth, plasmas are less common, but they find many applications in industry and are also studied with the goal of providing an abundant energy source for mankind through fusion energy. The behaviour of plasmas studied thus far, in particular those that are magnetized, is very complex. The complexity manifests itself first and foremost as a host of different wave types, many of which are generically unstable and evolve into turbulence or violent instabilities. This complexity and the instability of these waves stems to a large degree from effects that can be traced back to the difference in mass between the positive and negative species, the ions and the electrons.

In contrast to conventional ion-electron plasmas, electron-positron (pair) plasmas consist of equal-mass charged particles. This symmetry results in unique behaviour of the pair plasmas, a topic that has been intensively studied theoretically and numerically for decades but experimental studies are only just starting. These studies are not only driven by curiosity: Strongly magnetized electron-positron plasmas are believed to exist ubiquitously in pulsar magnetospheres and active galaxies in the Universe, and the entire Universe is believed to have been a matter-antimatter symmetric plasma in its earliest epochs after the Big Bang.

We propose here to create and study the first long-lived and confined pair plasmas on Earth. This is now possible by combining novel techniques in plasma and beam physics. We will develop a levitated dipole confinement device and will fill it with readily available electrons and low-energy positrons from the world-leading steady-state positron source.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 J. Horn-Stanja, A. Biancalani, A. Bottino, A. Mishchenko
Linear gyrokinetic studies with ORB5 en route to pair plasmas
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/s0022377819000369
Journal of Plasma Physics 85/3 2020-04-01
2018 M. R. Stoneking, H. Saitoh, M. Singer, E. V. Stenson, J. Horn-Stanja, T. Sunn Pedersen, S. Nißl, U. Hergenhahn, N. Yanagi, C. Hugenschmidt, M. Dickmann, J. R. Danielson, C. M. Surko
Toward a compact levitated superconducting dipole for positron-electron plasma confinement
published pages: 20015, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1063/1.5021580
AIP Conference Proceedings volume 1928 2020-04-01
2018 H. Saitoh, J. Horn-Stanja, S. Nißl, E. V. Stenson, U. Hergenhahn, T. Sunn Pedersen, M. Singer, M. Dickmann, C. Hugenschmidt, M. R. Stoneking, J. R. Danielson, C. M. Surko
Manipulation of positron orbits in a dipole magnetic field with fluctuating electric fields
published pages: 20013, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1063/1.5021578
AIP Conference Proceedings volume 1928 2020-04-01
2020 J Horn-Stanja, E V Stenson, M R Stoneking, M Singer, U Hergenhahn, S Nißl, H Saitoh, T Sunn Pedersen, M Dickmann, C Hugenschmidt, J R Danielson
Injection of intense low-energy reactor-based positron beams into a supported magnetic dipole trap
published pages: 15006, ISSN: 2516-1067, DOI: 10.1088/2516-1067/ab6f44
Plasma Research Express 2/1 2020-04-01
2018 Uwe Hergenhahn, Juliane Horn-Stanja, Stefan Nissl, Thomas Sunn Pedersen, Haruhiko Saitoh, Eve V. Stenson, Matthew R. Stoneking, Marcel Dickmann, Christoph Hugenschmidt, Markus Singer, James R. Danielson, Clifford M. Surko
Progress of the APEX experiment for creation of an electron-positron pair plasma
published pages: 20004, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1063/1.5021569
AIP Conference Proceedings volume 1928 2020-04-01
2019 Markus Singer, Christoph Hugenschmidt, Eve V. Stenson, Uwe Hergenhahn, Juliane Horn-Stanja, Stefan Nissl, Thomas Sunn Pedersen, Haruhiko Saitoh, Marcel Dickmann, Matthew R. Stoneking, James R. Danielson, Clifford M. Surko
APEX – Newly implemented functionalities towards the first magnetically confined electron-positron pair plasma
published pages: 30005, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1063/1.5135828
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SCIENCE AND APPLIED SCIENCE (ICSAS) 2019 2020-04-01
2018 E. V. Stenson, S. Nißl, U. Hergenhahn, J. Horn-Stanja, M. Singer, H. Saitoh, T. Sunn Pedersen, J. R. Danielson, M. R. Stoneking, M. Dickmann, C. Hugenschmidt
Lossless Positron Injection into a Magnetic Dipole Trap
published pages: Sequence Number:, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.121.235005
Physical Review Letters 121/23 2019-04-13
2018 E. V. Stenson, U. Hergenhahn, M. R. Stoneking, T. Sunn Pedersen
Positron-Induced Luminescence
published pages: Sequence Number:, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.120.147401
Physical Review Letters 120/14 2019-04-13
2018 J. Horn-Stanja, S. Nißl, U. Hergenhahn, T. Sunn Pedersen, H. Saitoh, E. V. Stenson, M. Dickmann, C. Hugenschmidt, M. Singer, M. R. Stoneking, J. R. Danielson
Confinement of Positrons Exceeding 1 s in a Supported Magnetic Dipole Trap
published pages: Sequence Number:, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.121.235003
Physical Review Letters 121/23 2019-04-13

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