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BEAT SIGNED

regulation of B-cell Epitope migration and Autoimmunity by T follicular helper cells

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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Project "BEAT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAIR MEDISCH CENTRUM UTRECHT 

Organization address
address: HEIDELBERGLAAN 100
city: UTRECHT
postcode: 3584 CX
website: www.umcutrecht.nl

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Total cost 260˙929 €
 EC max contribution 260˙929 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-07-01   to  2021-06-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAIR MEDISCH CENTRUM UTRECHT NL (UTRECHT) coordinator 260˙929.00
2    CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL CORPORATION US (BOSTON) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

The detection of autoantibodies typically appear a few years prior to clinical autoimmune disease and their reactivity can drift at or after disease onset. The laboratory of M.C. Carroll (outgoing institute) has developed a murine model (ARTEMIS; Autoreactive B-cell driven T-dependent Epitope Migration towards Immunity to Self) where the presence of a single autoreactive B cell clone drives activation, expansion and differentiation of other autoreactive B-cells in spontaneous germinal centers (GC) followed by autoantibody deposition in the kidney. These autoreactive B-cells target multiple other self-antigens (also known as epitope spreading) and are independent of the initial trigger once tolerance is broken. Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells play a prominent role in the selection of B-cells in the GC and have been linked to excessive GC formation, high-level production of pathogenic autoantibodies and end-organ damage in murine and human autoimmune disease. With this project I will address the role of Tfh cells in the maturation process of the self-reactive B-cell response and epitope spreading as observed in human autoimmune disease. Preliminary results show dependence of T cells, the extent and nature of T-cell involvement is however not yet addressed. I will utilize the mixed bone-marrow chimera model (ARTEMIS) in combination with selected strains altered in important factors for Tfh function and differentiation. As the GC reaction is a highly dynamic process we will visualize this utilizing multi-photon intravital microscopy and analyze important interactions of Tfh cells in the developing autoreactive GC. The development of autoreactivity from WT B-cells in the ARTEMIS model better reflects natural autoreactive GC behavior and human autoimmune disease and could therefore favor the transition of potential therapeutic targets from murine to human disease.

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