Explore the words cloud of the Stress Granules project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Stress Granules" about.
The following table provides information about the project.
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
|Coordinator Country||Germany [DE]|
|Total cost||159˙460 €|
|EC max contribution||159˙460 € (100%)|
1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
|Duration (year-month-day)||from 2019-02-01 to 2021-01-31|
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|1||MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV||DE (MUENCHEN)||coordinator||159˙460.00|
When cells experience stress, most protein synthesis pauses and so-called stress granules (SGs) form which store and protect mRNAs. SGs are crucial for stress adaptation and prevention of cell death. However, SGs are also implicated in age-related neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. In these diseases, SGs persist longer than normal and turn into harmful aggregates which cells cannot dissolve.
Despite the importance for human health, we only know very little about how normal SGs convert into disease-causing aggregates. Ground breaking work from the Hyman and Alberti labs could recently demonstrate that SGs behave like liquid droplets which solidify over time. Importantly, this transition is promoted by disease-associated mutations in SG components.
SGs form through protein-protein interactions which critically depends on the Ras GTPase-activating protein-binding protein 1 (G3BP1). The Hyman and Alberti labs could recently generate G3BP1 droplets in vitro and could show that droplet formation is promoted by mRNAs. For the first time, we have a minimal SG system that can be used as a tool to mechanistically dissect SG formation and disease association. I propose harnessing this system to generate complex droplets that resemble physiological SGs. Ultimately, my objective is to elucidate how proteins with disease-causing mutations influence SG properties and dynamics, thus allowing me to identify the molecular changes that underlie neurodegenerative diseases.
The proposed work is to take place in the teams of A Hyman and S Alberti, world leaders in the field of liquid droplets. Both groups are uniquely situated in the same institute which offers cutting-edge facilities and extensive training opportunities. The fellowship would crucially assist me in my future career objective: positioning myself as an expert in the field of granule biology and developing into an independent researcher in academia.
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The information about "STRESS GRANULES" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.