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Robots Explore plankton-driven Fluxes in the marine twIlight zoNE

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 REFINE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REFINE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REFINE" about.

biogeochemical    cruises    dataset    perform    interannual    twilight    composition    quantify    overlying    vertically    artificial    carbon    1000    budgets    lit    least    properly    multisource    ship    linkage       phyto    oceanographic    observations    representative    roles    scales    fluxes    20    ocean    scientific    profiling    actions    energy    sensing    volume    sampled    continuum    breaking    achievement    hence    functioning    observation    mechanisms    zooplankton    robotic    robots    special    dependent    floats    earth    tz    uniquely    diversity    sequestration    coordinated    remote    oceanic    co2    temporal    communities    advantage    understand    zone    refine    euphotic    linkages    regional    biological    intelligence    impacts    flux    diel    community    ground    located    robotically    satellite    ranging    physical    coming    climate    upscaling    fate    generation    ing    global    escapes    multidisciplinary    ez    zones    plankton    environments    satellites    organic    depths    emphasis    pump   

Project "REFINE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 3˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 3˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-10-01   to  2024-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

The scientific objective of REFINE is to understand and quantify the physical, biological and biogeochemical processes controlling the biological carbon pump, a key component of the oceanic CO2 sequestration. The oceanic twilight zone (TZ), which is located between the depths of 100 and 1000 m and represents 20% of the ocean's volume, is where these processes occur. Yet the TZ is not properly sampled during most ship-based oceanographic cruises and, because of its depths, it escapes satellite remote sensing. Hence the TZ is one of the least known environments on Earth. The functioning of the TZ is highly dependent on the flux of matter and energy coming from the overlying well-lit euphotic zone (EZ). I have developed the REFINE ground-breaking, robotic-based approach to address the physical, biological and biogeochemical linkages between the EZ and the TZ, with special emphasis on the roles of phyto and zooplankton communities. I will implement REFINE through the following four main coordinated actions: • Development of a new generation of multidisciplinary vertically profiling floats, uniquely able to robotically address phyto and zooplankton community composition. • Achievement of ~3 years robotic-based process studies in five oceanic zones, representative of the diversity of biogeochemical conditions and responses to climate change in the global ocean, over a continuum of temporal scales ranging from diel to interannual. • In-depth analysis of the unique REFINE dataset to perform carbon flux budgets within the TZ, and understand the physical and plankton-driven mechanisms involved in the EZ-TZ linkage and their impacts on the resulting fate of organic carbon and fluxes to ocean depths. • Upscaling of regional processes to the global ocean through the use of artificial intelligence methods, in particular by taking advantage of multisource observations from REFINE robots and earth observation satellites.

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The information about "REFINE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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