CHROMOSOME STABILITY

Molecular mechanism of separase dependent PP2ACdc55 downregulation

 Coordinatore CANCER RESEARCH UK 

 Organization address address: ST JOHN STREET 407 ANGEL BUILDING
city: LONDON
postcode: EC1V 4AD

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Louisa
Cognome: Jacobs
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 0 2072693539
Fax: +44 2 072693585

 Nazionalità Coordinatore United Kingdom [UK]
 Totale costo 169˙390 €
 EC contributo 169˙390 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-2007-2-1-IEF
 Funding Scheme MC-IEF
 Anno di inizio 2008
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2008-06-01   -   2010-05-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CANCER RESEARCH UK

 Organization address address: ST JOHN STREET 407 ANGEL BUILDING
city: LONDON
postcode: EC1V 4AD

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Louisa
Cognome: Jacobs
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 0 2072693539
Fax: +44 2 072693585

UK (LONDON) coordinator 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

anaphase    chromosome    fear    downregulates    onset    mitotic    chromosomes    mechanism    showed    proteolytic    regulators    phosphatase    stage    rrd    slk    cycle    molecular    experiments    localisation    independent    activation    protein    proteolysis    protease    exit    inactivation    pp    isoform    cell    cdc    cohesin    sorting    function    promotes    separase    acdc    regulates    downregulation    mitosis   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Activation of the protease separase at anaphase onset leads to cleavage of cohesin, thereby triggering chromosome segragation. At the same time, an essential protease-independent function of separase promotes cell cycle progression out of mitosis. In the host laboratory it has been recently shown that separase interacts with the Cdc55 isoform of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2ACdc55) at anaphase onset, downregulating it (Queralt et al. 2006). However, the molecular nature of this non-proteolytic activity of separase and how it mediates PP2ACdc55 downregulation is still unknown. In this research project we propose to address the molecular mechanism by which separase downregulates PP2ACdc55 at anaphase onset.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

Proteolysis is the guided digestion of proteins by enzymes called proteases. Mitosis is the process whereby chromosomes are divided and two nuclei are formed from one cell nucleus.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Activation of the separase protease, a proteolysis-conducting enzyme, takes place during the mitosis or meiosis stage (anaphase) when chromosomes separate and each chromatid moves to opposite poles of the cell. Alterations in this process may interfere with normal sorting mechanisms offered by cohesin. This is a protein complex that regulates chromosome segregation during cell division. Another function of separase, independent of protease, promotes the cell cycle to complete and exit the mitotic stage.

The 'Molecular mechanism of separase dependent PP2ACdc55 downregulation' (Chromosome stability) project set out to address the molecular workings of this non-proteolytic activity and how separase downregulates Cdc55 isoform of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2ACdc55) PP2ACdc55 at the start of anaphase.

The EU-funded project's primary objective was to throw light on how separase promotes PP2ACdc55 inactivation in budding yeast. Researchers employed two different approaches.

The first approach was to analyse the role of known regulators of PP2A, which is regulated by Ppm1, Ppe1, Rrd1 and Rrd2 coding genes. Experiments aimed to determine the outcomes of deleting these regulators or of making changes to their localisation, abundance and post-translational status in the presence or absence of separase functioning. Results revealed that Rrd2 may play a significant role in regulating PP2A at anaphase onset.

The second approach was to examine the role of FEAR components in PP2ACdc55 inactivation. The FEAR regulatory network promotes Cdc14p release from the nucleolus during anaphase. Researchers focused on Slk19, which is a kinetochore-associated protein essential for mitotic checks preventing cells from prematurely exiting mitosis. Slk19 regulates separase localisation. Study results showed that separase and Slk19 interaction is enhanced during anaphase. This suggests that while proteolytic activity on the part of separase is not essential, the C-terminal domain might be important for its mitotic exit function. The C-terminus is the last point along a protein's amino acid chain and can have retention signals for protein sorting.

Other project experiments showed that the timely proteolysis of major regulators can be the source of mitotic exit irreversibility.

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