MOCCCASIN

MOnitoring Crops in Continental Climates through Assimilation of Satellite INformation

 Coordinatore STICHTING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK 

 Organization address address: Costerweg 50
city: WAGENINGEN
postcode: 6701BH

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Allard
Cognome: De Wit
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 317 481914
Fax: +31 317 419000

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Netherlands [NL]
 Sito del progetto http://www.mocccasin.eu
 Totale costo 685˙410 €
 EC contributo 495˙659 €
 Programma FP7-SPACE
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Space
 Code Call FP7-SPACE-2010-1
 Funding Scheme CP-FP-SICA
 Anno di inizio 2010
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2010-12-01   -   2013-05-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    STICHTING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK

 Organization address address: Costerweg 50
city: WAGENINGEN
postcode: 6701BH

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Allard
Cognome: De Wit
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 317 481914
Fax: +31 317 419000

NL (WAGENINGEN) coordinator 176˙030.20
2    SPACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

 Organization address address: PROFSOYUZNAYA 84/32
city: MOSKVA
postcode: 117997

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Igor
Cognome: Savin
Email: send email
Telefono: 74953335313
Fax: 74953331248

RU (MOSKVA) participant 171˙258.00
3    UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN

 Organization address address: Place De L'Universite 1
city: LOUVAIN LA NEUVE
postcode: 1348

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Pierre
Cognome: Defourny
Email: send email
Telefono: +32 10 472374
Fax: +32 10 478898

BE (LOUVAIN LA NEUVE) participant 99˙435.00
4    THE STATE ENTERPRISE NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC & RESEARCH INSTITUTE ON AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY*SE NSRIAM GU VNIISHM NIAM

 Organization address address: LENIN street 82
city: OBNINSK
postcode: 249030

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Oleg
Cognome: Virchenko
Email: send email
Telefono: +7 48439 44599
Fax: +7 48439 44388

RU (OBNINSK) participant 48˙936.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

regions    series    models    global    spring    weather    statistics    sensors    significant    impact    cultivation    biophysical    wofost    russian    gmes    earth    damage    world    regional    russia    yields    data    commodities    government    accurate    mars    climates    temperatures    forecasting    international    masks    winterwheat    trade    satellite    agencies    services    assimilation    moreover    modeling    affected    wheat    relief    winter    observation    extreme    model    plan    food    mcyfs    monitor    time    continental    kill    crops    yield    crop    variables    tula    observations    mocccasin    agricultural    region    frost    monitoring   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Information on the outlook of yield and production of crops over large regions is essential for government services, food relief agencies, and international organizations monitoring the world food production and trade. In 2007, unbalances in the global production of agricultural commodities caused the marked prices of agricultural commodities to peak. Given this background the need for a global monitoring system for agricultural production is undisputed and included in the priority themes for GEO. In Europe, agricultural monitoring has been implemented through the MARS Crop Yield Forecasting System (MCYFS) operated by JRC and also embedded in the European Union’s GMES initiative. Recently, the MCYFS was extended and now includes the monitoring of crops in all of Russia, Central-Asia and China. These regions are characterized by harsh winter conditions and warm and dry summer conditions. Particularly winter-crops are affected by low temperatures during the winter which determine whether rapid regrowth is possible in spring. However, the effects of winter-kill are poorly described in the crop models used by MCYFS. Earth observation data provide an opportunity to derive such information and can form a basis for real-time updating of wheat growth parameters in the MCYFS. Within the proposed project we plan to combine earth observation capabilities as well as improvements in crop modeling approaches. Data from the Russian RESURS-DK and KMSS sensors complemented with observations from the MERIS and MODIS sensors should allow to obtain: 1) masks of winter-wheat planting; 2) time-series of crop-specific variables and 3) maps of (relative) winter kill damage. Moreover, recent advances in crop modeling allow to take EO data into account through data assimilation techniques. Validation of these principles must be carried out both at local scale with observed field data, as well as on regional scale by evaluating the adapted and default models with regional statistics.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

Faced with extreme weather and climate changes, authorities are calling for better information about important crop yields in key growing areas. European space research is lending a hand to monitor and map wheat cultivation in Russia's Tula region.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Droughts in the United States, frosts in Russia, extreme weather in Australia the weather conditions have a critical impact on crop yields around the world. Government services, food relief agencies and international organisations monitoring world food production and trade require better information to plan ahead in the event of shortages.

This is where remote sensing data, using high-temporal resolution satellite imaging, can help by providing information on crop area and growth in significant areas, such as Russia's oblasts. Winter crops are especially affected by prolonged low winter temperatures. Indeed, a feature of cultivation of winterwheat is that its growth starts in autumn and proceeds again in spring after a dormant period in winter.

The problem is that the models used for monitoring winter wheat growth are not calibrated for continental climates. Moreover, the WOFOST crop model used as part of Europe's 'MARS crop yield forecasting system' (MCYFS) needs to be tailored for the effect of frost damage.

The EU-funded project 'Monitoring crops in continental climates through assimilation of satellite information' (MOCCCASIN)set out in 2010 to fill this gap. Their work involves collecting field data on Russian winterwheat varieties and growth conditions, and then mapping the season's winterwheat fields using satellite data.

The team was also tasked with reviewing the current models that simulate the impact of frost on winterwheat. Other partners sought to assimilate data on crop biophysical variables (actual plantvegetation information), retrieved from satellite timeseries observations, into the WOFOST model.

significant progress has been made. This includes a database of the biophysical properties of Russian wheat cultivars, a time series of wintercrop masks for Tula region with an accuracy of 82%,and new components for frost impact modelling.

Towards the end of the project(mid-2013), the researchers predict they will have improved methods for assessing frost damage and winter kill in continental climates. This stands to benefit Europe's Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) land cover monitoring core services on agriculture, which should lead to improved cropyield monitoring and modelling.

as part of global Earth Observation activities (i.e. Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)), MOCCCASIN's work contributes to overall agricultural risk assessment. The ability to better capture the changes in croplands and monitor global agricultural production results in more accurate and timely reporting of national agricultural statistics. Suchdata can provide accurate forecasting of potential crop failures that may lead to shortfalls in the world's food supply.

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