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Ecophysiological and biophysical constraints on domestication in crop plants

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CONSTRAINTS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CONSTRAINTS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CONSTRAINTS" about.

ca    drive    core    artificial    sorghum    bread    phenotyping    fundamental    ecophysiological    vine    multiple    automatons    12    science    shifted    wheat    improvements    thanks    diversification    constrained    grown    panel    holds    300    escape    acquisition    durum    maize    constraints    life    biology    resource    biophysical    pea    genotypes    throughput    databases    little    sunflower    collectively    question    elucidating    traits    total    silvergrass    genome    colza    partitioning    limit    optimal    opportunity    arabidopsis    sub    alfalfa    experiment    orchardgrass    ground    data    lack    progenitors    phenotypic    existence    offs    questions    shape    evolutionary    tool    environmental    thaliana    nor    association    species    nature    accessions    genomics    japanese    pi    revealing    garden    rice    worldwide    envelope    400    collections    syndrome    domestication    wild    additional    crop    transfer    trade    asked    breaking    delineating    ecology   

Project "CONSTRAINTS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙499˙979 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙979 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-06-01   to  2020-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

A fundamental question in biology is how constraints drive phenotypic changes and the diversification of life. We know little about the role of these constraints on crop domestication, nor how artificial selection can escape them. CONSTRAINTS questions whether crop domestication has shifted ecophysiological and biophysical traits related to resource acquisition, use and partitioning, and how trade-offs between them have constrained domestication and can limit future improvements in both optimal and sub-optimal conditions. The project is based on three objectives: 1. revealing the existence (or lack) of generic resource-use domestication syndrome in crop science; 2. elucidating ecophysiological and biophysical trade-offs within crop science and delineating the envelope of constraints for artificial selection; 3. examining the shape of ecophysiological and biophysical trade-offs in crop species when grown in sub-optimal environmental conditions. This project will be investigated within and across crop species thanks to a core panel of 12 studied species (maize, sunflower, Japanese rice, sorghum, durum wheat, bread wheat, alfalfa, orchardgrass, silvergrass, pea, colza, vine) for which data and collections (ca. 1,300 genotypes total) are already available to the PI, and additional high throughput phenotyping using automatons. Additional species will be used for specific tasks: (i) a panel of 30 species for a comparative analysis of crop species and their wild progenitors; (ii) 400 worldwide accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana for a genome-wide association study of resource-use traits. Collectively, we will use a multiple-tool approach by using: field measurement, high-throughput phenotyping, common-garden experiment, comparative analysis using databases, modelling, genomics. The ground-breaking nature of the project holds in the nature of the questions asked and in the unique opportunity to transfer knowledge from ecology and evolutionary biology to crop species.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2015 Iván Prieto, Cyrille Violle, Philippe Barre, Jean-Louis Durand, Marc Ghesquiere, Isabelle Litrico
Complementary effects of species and genetic diversity on productivity and stability of sown grasslands
published pages: 15033, ISSN: 2055-0278, DOI: 10.1038/nplants.2015.33
Nature Plants 1/4 2019-05-29
2015 VIOLLE, cyrille; Litrico, Isabelle
Diversity in plant breeding: a new conceptual framework
published pages: , ISSN: 0092-8674, DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.07.007 1 2019-05-29
2016 Boris Parent, Denis Vile, Cyrille Violle, François Tardieu
Towards parsimonious ecophysiological models that bridge ecology and agronomy
published pages: 380-382, ISSN: 0028-646X, DOI: 10.1111/nph.13811
New Phytologist 210/2 2019-05-29
2015 Andrew Siefert, Cyrille Violle, Loïc Chalmandrier, Cécile H. Albert, Adrien Taudiere, Alex Fajardo, Lonnie W. Aarssen, Christopher Baraloto, Marcos B. Carlucci, Marcus V. Cianciaruso, Vinícius de L. Dantas, Francesco de Bello, Leandro D. S. Duarte, Carlos R. Fonseca, Grégoire T. Freschet, Stéphanie Gaucherand, Nicolas Gross, Kouki Hikosaka, Benjamin Jackson, Vincent Jung, Chiho Kamiyama, Masatoshi Katabuchi, Steven W. Kembel, Emilie Kichenin, Nathan J. B. Kraft, Anna Lagerström, Yoann Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Yuanzhi Li, Norman Mason, Julie Messier, Tohru Nakashizuka, Jacob McC. Overton, Duane A. Peltzer, I. M. Pérez-Ramos, Valério D. Pillar, Honor C. Prentice, Sarah Richardson, Takehiro Sasaki, Brandon S. Schamp, Christian Schöb, Bill Shipley, Maja Sundqvist, Martin T. Sykes, Marie Vandewalle, David A. Wardle
A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities
published pages: 1406-1419, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12508
Ecology Letters 18/12 2019-05-29
2017 Matthias Grenié, Pierre Denelle, Caroline M. Tucker, François Munoz, Cyrille Violle
funrar: An R package to characterize functional rarity
published pages: 1365-1371, ISSN: 1366-9516, DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12629
Diversity and Distributions 23/12 2019-05-29
2018 Brian S. Maitner, Brad Boyle, Nathan Casler, Rick Condit, John Donoghue, Sandra M. Durán, Daniel Guaderrama, Cody E. Hinchliff, Peter M. Jørgensen, Nathan J.B. Kraft, Brian McGill, Cory Merow, Naia Morueta-Holme, Robert K. Peet, Brody Sandel, Mark Schildhauer, Stephen A. Smith, Jens-Christian Svenning, Barbara Thiers, Cyrille Violle, Susan Wiser, Brian J. Enquist
The bien r package: A tool to access the Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN) database
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-210X, DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12861
Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2019-05-29
2016 Diana R Nemergut, Joseph E Knelman, Scott Ferrenberg, Teresa Bilinski, Brett Melbourne, Lin Jiang, Cyrille Violle, John L Darcy, Tiffany Prest, Steven K Schmidt, Alan R Townsend
Decreases in average bacterial community rRNA operon copy number during succession
published pages: 1147-1156, ISSN: 1751-7362, DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2015.191
The ISME Journal 10/5 2019-05-29
2017 Anna M. Csergő, Roberto Salguero-Gómez, Olivier Broennimann, Shaun R. Coutts, Antoine Guisan, Amy L. Angert, Erik Welk, Iain Stott, Brian J. Enquist, Brian McGill, Jens-Christian Svenning, Cyrille Violle, Yvonne M. Buckley
Less favourable climates constrain demographic strategies in plants
published pages: 969-980, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12794
Ecology Letters 20/8 2019-05-29
2017 Ivan Prieto, Isabelle Litrico, Cyrille Violle, Philippe Barre
Five species, many genotypes, broad phenotypic diversity: When agronomy meets functional ecology
published pages: 62-71, ISSN: 0002-9122, DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1600354
American Journal of Botany 104/1 2019-05-29
2018 Yannick Outreman, Thiago Oliveira Andrade, Philippe Louâpre, Liliane Krespi, Cyrille Violle, Joan van Baaren
Multi-scale and antagonist selection on life-history traits in parasitoids: A community ecology perspective
published pages: , ISSN: 0269-8463, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.13007
Functional Ecology 2019-05-29
2017 Cyrille Violle, Wilfried Thuiller, Nicolas Mouquet, François Munoz, Nathan J.B. Kraft, Marc W. Cadotte, Stuart W. Livingstone, David Mouillot
Functional Rarity: The Ecology of Outliers
published pages: 356-367, ISSN: 0169-5347, DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.02.002
Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32/5 2019-05-29
2016 Adrien Taudiere, Cyrille Violle
cati: an R package using functional traits to detect and quantify multi-level community assembly processes
published pages: 699-708, ISSN: 0906-7590, DOI: 10.1111/ecog.01433
Ecography 39/7 2019-05-29
2017 Benjamin Blonder, Norma Salinas, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Alexander Shenkin, Percy O. Chambi Porroa, Yolvi Valdez Tejeira, Cyrille Violle, Nikolaos M. Fyllas, Gregory R. Goldsmith, Roberta E. Martin, Gregory P. Asner, Sandra Díaz, Brian J. Enquist, Yadvinder Malhi
Predicting trait-environment relationships for venation networks along an Andes-Amazon elevation gradient
published pages: 1239-1255, ISSN: 0012-9658, DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1747
Ecology 98/5 2019-05-29
2017 Grégoire T. Freschet, Oscar J. Valverde-Barrantes, Caroline M. Tucker, Joseph M. Craine, M. Luke McCormack, Cyrille Violle, Florian Fort, Christopher B. Blackwood, Katherine R. Urban-Mead, Colleen M. Iversen, Anne Bonis, Louise H. Comas, Johannes H. C. Cornelissen, Ming Dong, Dali Guo, Sarah E. Hobbie, Robert J. Holdaway, Steven W. Kembel, Naoki Makita, Vladimir G. Onipchenko, Catherine Picon-Cochard, Peter B. Reich, Enrique G. de la Riva, Stuart W. Smith, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, Mark G. Tjoelker, David A. Wardle, Catherine Roumet
Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation
published pages: 1182-1196, ISSN: 0022-0477, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12769
Journal of Ecology 105/5 2019-05-29
2017 Colleen M. Iversen, M. Luke McCormack, A. Shafer Powell, Christopher B. Blackwood, Grégoire T. Freschet, Jens Kattge, Catherine Roumet, Daniel B. Stover, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, Oscar J. Valverde-Barrantes, Peter M. van Bodegom, Cyrille Violle
A global Fine-Root Ecology Database to address below-ground challenges in plant ecology
published pages: 15-26, ISSN: 0028-646X, DOI: 10.1111/nph.14486
New Phytologist 215/1 2019-05-29
2018 Agathe Roucou, Cyrille Violle, Florian Fort, Pierre Roumet, Martin Ecarnot, Denis Vile
Shifts in plant functional strategies over the course of wheat domestication
published pages: 25-37, ISSN: 0021-8901, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13029
Journal of Applied Ecology 55/1 2019-05-29
2016 Gregory R. Goldsmith, Naia Morueta-Holme, Brody Sandel, Eric D. Fitz, Samuel D. Fitz, Brad Boyle, Nathan Casler, Kristine Engemann, Peter M. Jørgensen, Nathan J. B. Kraft, Brian McGill, Robert K. Peet, William H. Piel, Nick Spencer, Jens-Christian Svenning, Barbara M. Thiers, Cyrille Violle, Susan K. Wiser, Brian J. Enquist
Plant-O-Matic : a dynamic and mobile guide to all plants of the Americas
published pages: 960-965, ISSN: 2041-210X, DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12548
Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7/8 2019-05-29
2017 Benjamin Blonder, Christine Lamanna, Cyrille Violle, Brian J. Enquist
Using n -dimensional hypervolumes for species distribution modelling: A response to Qiao et al. ()
published pages: 1071-1075, ISSN: 1466-822X, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12611
Global Ecology and Biogeography 26/9 2019-05-29
2017 Enrique G. de la Riva, Teodoro Marañón, Cyrille Violle, Rafael Villar, Ignacio M. Pérez-Ramos
Biogeochemical and Ecomorphological Niche Segregation of Mediterranean Woody Species along a Local Gradient
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-462X, DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01242
Frontiers in Plant Science 8 2019-05-29
2016 Marta Carboni, Tamara Münkemüller, Sébastien Lavergne, Philippe Choler, Benjamin Borgy, Cyrille Violle, Franz Essl, Cristina Roquet, François Munoz, Wilfried Thuiller
What it takes to invade grassland ecosystems: traits, introduction history and filtering processes
published pages: 219-229, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12556
Ecology Letters 19/3 2019-05-29
2016 J. Loranger, B. Blonder, E. Garnier, B. Shipley, D. Vile, C. Violle
Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in Mediterranean old fields
published pages: 1050-1060, ISSN: 0002-9122, DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1500483
American Journal of Botany 103/6 2019-05-29

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