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NPTC

New Perspectives in Tropospheric Chemistry

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 NPTC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the NPTC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "NPTC" about.

chemical    physical    detergent    reaction    techniques    continue    last    alkenes    carbonyl    oxides    dominant    2020    intermediates    publications    composition    dr    elusive    clean    troposphere    cavity    cardiff    pennsylvania    removal    generating    sources    group    clear    anthropogenic    air    tropospheric    location    post    doctoral    profile    human    infrared    moving    spectroscopy    hundred    diverse    hot    emissions    detected    implicated    earth    atmospheric    combine    university    reversing    climate    impacts    humans    ring    atmosphere    poorly    occurs    sensitive    night    predominantly    time    reducing    intends    ozonolysis    population    co2    co    negative    chemistry    pioneered    urban    environmental    criegee    beames    reactions    environments    dreyfus    selective    despite    species    polluted    pristine    intermediate    biogenic    dramatically    fellowship    he    spectroscopic    source    fellow    aerosol    ozone    oh    abundance   

Project "NPTC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CARDIFF UNIVERSITY 

Organization address
address: NEWPORT ROAD 30-36
city: CARDIFF
postcode: CF24 ODE
website: www.cardiff.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-08-01   to  2018-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CARDIFF UNIVERSITY UK (CARDIFF) coordinator 183˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

The last two hundred years have seen new anthropogenic emissions dramatically change the chemical composition and chemistry of the troposphere, creating a diverse set of atmospheric conditions based on location and level of human population. Reducing climate change and reversing the negative impacts humans have on the atmosphere is a clear European Commission target moving forward towards 2020. Alkenes are common to pristine, clean air environments (biogenic sources) and polluted, urban environments (anthropogenic emissions). The removal of alkenes from the troposphere predominantly occurs through reaction with ozone, generating a wide range of products including OH, CO and CO2, which have a significant impact upon the chemistry of Earth’s atmosphere. Despite the abundance of alkenes in the atmosphere, the atmospheric ozonolysis of alkenes is still poorly understood. Dr Beames intends to use this Fellowship to build a new research group at Cardiff University, using advanced physical chemistry techniques to study an elusive intermediate species in these ozonolysis reactions, which are known as Criegee intermediates (carbonyl oxides). Criegee intermediates are a dominant source of night-time OH• (a ‘tropospheric detergent’) and are implicated in aerosol formation. These species have only recently been directly detected, and have become a hot topic in both atmospheric chemistry and physical chemistry fields. During his time as a Dreyfus Post Doctoral Fellow in Environmental Chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr Beames pioneered the spectroscopic research on Criegee intermediates, leading to several high profile publications. He will continue to investigate their chemistry, and their role in aerosol formation, using novel, highly selective and sensitive, infrared cavity ring down spectroscopy. This will combine his existing knowledge of infrared spectroscopy and cavity ring down spectroscopy.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Max R. McGillen, Basile F.E. Curchod, Rabi Chhantyal-Pun, Joseph M. Beames, Nathan Watson, M. Anwar H. Khan, Laura McMahon, Dudley E. Shallcross, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing
Criegee Intermediate–Alcohol Reactions, A Potential Source of Functionalized Hydroperoxides in the Atmosphere
published pages: 664-672, ISSN: 2472-3452, DOI: 10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00108
ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 1/10 2019-04-18
2017 Rabi Chhantyal-Pun, Max R. McGillen, Joseph M. Beames, M. Anwar H. Khan, Carl J. Percival, Dudley E. Shallcross, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing
Temperature-Dependence of the Rates of Reaction of Trifluoroacetic Acid with Criegee Intermediates
published pages: 9044-9047, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201703700
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56/31 2019-04-18

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