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Direct and indirect biorefinery technologies for conversion of organic side-streams into multiple marketable products

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "InDIRECT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: BOERETANG 200
city: MOL
postcode: 2400

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Belgium [BE]
 Total cost 2˙089˙670 €
 EC max contribution 1˙347˙947 € (65%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.3.2.6. (Bio-based Industries Joint Technology Initiative (BBI-JTI))
 Code Call H2020-BBI-PPP-2015-2-1
 Funding Scheme BBI-RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-11-01   to  2019-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
2    CHEMSTREAM BVBA BE (EDEGEM) participant 218˙750.00
3    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PARMA IT (PARMA) participant 199˙933.00
5    MILLIBETER BE (ANTWERPEN) participant 175˙000.00
7    TEMPERIO BE (WESTERLO) participant 31˙983.00
8    PROTI FARM R & D BV NL (ERMELO) participant 10˙000.00
9    NUTRITION SCIENCES BE (DRONGEN) participant 0.00


 Project objective

The aim of the proposal is to develop biorefinery processes as part of new value chains to convert under-spent side streams/residues from the agro-sector and processing sector into useful marketable products. Cascading processes (recovery of multiple compounds from the same feedstock) are envisioned to increase the conversion efficiency (product/ton biomass input) and maximise the values of the feedstock (euro/ton biomass input). Direct biorefiney of the biomass will be compared with indirect biorefinery. The latter refers to the two-step process that can cope with the heterogeneity of side-streams. In a first step the heterogenic feedstock is converted to homogenous biomass. The game-changing approach that will be applied is the use of insects in this step. Insects are able to convert a variety of feedstocks into a more homogenous biomass, being their own biomass. In a second step, the insect biomass will be further fractionated into a lipid, protein and chitin fraction, that all three have potential to be converted into marketable end-products (step 3). The ability to use various feedstocks results in a more robust and scalable biorefinery process that is expected to be less dependent on the season. The direct approach (without the insect convertion step) which will be explored for green leaves, is expected to be more seasonally variable, but generates a larger variety of compounds. The project foresees to process the derived fractions further into multiple marketable products for the feed, food and chemical sector. More than 20 new product formulations are envisioned and will be subjected to application tests within InDIRECT. Activities from lab to pilot scale are foreseen, enabling the generation of sufficient material for application tests that are crucial for developing the downstream market. Viable business concepts will be formulated and translated into business plans.


List of deliverables.
Policy brief or recommendation letter stating project conclusions Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-04-03 12:19:32
Update on relevant legal frameworks related to insect derived products Documents, reports 2020-04-03 12:20:16
At least 2 scientific peer-reviewed publications Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-04-03 12:20:01
Final dissemination of results via external workshop(s) Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-04-03 12:19:47
legal framework and bottlenecks related the use of insect derived products Documents, reports 2020-01-15 11:18:02
An accessible InDIRECT website Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-01-15 11:18:01

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of InDIRECT deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 N. Gianotten, J. Roels, M. Lopez, S. Sforza, L. Bastiaens
Optimal rearing of Alphitobius diaperinus on organic side-streams in the InDIRECT project
published pages: p 85, ISSN: 0947-7314, DOI:
insecta 2019 2020-01-29
2019 Leen Bastiaens, Lise Soetemans, Giulia Cantero, Queenie Simons, Van Roy Sandra, Augusta Caligiani, Stefano Sforza
Fractionation of insect biomass – BBI-InDIRECT project
published pages: p 103, ISSN: 0947-7314, DOI:
Insecta 2019 2020-01-30
2019 Giulia Leni, Martina Cirlini, Johan Jacobs, Stefaan Depraetere, Natasja Gianotten, Stefano Sforza, Chiara Dall’Asta
Impact of Naturally Contaminated Substrates on Alphitobius diaperinus and Hermetia illucens: Uptake and Excretion of Mycotoxins
published pages: 476, ISSN: 2072-6651, DOI: 10.3390/toxins11080476
Toxins 11/8 2020-01-15
2017 Leen Bastiaens, Jana Roels, M. Lopez, Maarten Uyttebroek, Stefano Sforza, G. Bruggeman
Direct and indirect biorefinery technologies for conversion of organic side-streams into multiple marketable products – BBI-InDIRECT project
published pages: 23-24, ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings Insecta 2017 2020-01-15
2017 M. Uyttebroek & L. Bastiaens.
Direct and indirect biorefinery technologies for conversion of organic side-streams into multiple marketable products – BBI-InDIRECT project
published pages: 28, ISSN: , DOI:
Booklet Insectinov 2017 conference 2020-01-15
2017 Lise Soetemans, Maarten Uyttebroek, Stefano Sforza, Leen Bastiaens
Biorefinery of insects to high-added value products: Evaluation of fractionation procedures
published pages: 72, ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of Insecta 2017 2020-01-15
2018 Leen Bastiaens & Leen Van Campenhout
Insect Rearing and Processing for Food, Feed and Bio-based Chemicals
published pages: abstract availab, ISSN: , DOI:
“Revolution in Food and Biomass Production” (REFAB) -conference 2020-01-15

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The information about "INDIRECT" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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