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The transition to a renewable electricity system and its interactions with other policy aims

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "TRIPOD" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14467

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 1˙499˙940 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙940 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-08-01   to  2022-07-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

In order to meet its long-term climate targets, the European Union has decided to reduce its power sector carbon emissions by 93-99% by 2050. This means that Europe aims to transition to a largely, or fully, renewable power system. This is however not the only energy policy aim: besides a transition to renewables, further aims include an energy efficiency increase and demand reduction; liberalisation of the power markets and exposure of renewables to competition; and europeanisation of renewable energy policy, power grids, and the creation of a European internal power market. Here, I investigate whether and how these policies interact and affect the chances for and costs of a transition to a renewable power system; how the other aims constrain the options for renewables; and how policy conflicts can be resolved. Current policy discourse treats these policy aims either as independent or synergistic. My hypothesis is that they are not at all independent and that pursuing the aims of demand reduction, liberalisation and europeanisation strongly influences the transition to renewables, and that the aims are partially antagonistic, implying a need for trade-offs. The purpose of my research is to test these hypotheses and explore the policy synergies or antagonisms, by investigating yet under-researched aspects of the interactions. These include how reaching the other aims influences the transition dynamics; how key actors may alter their behaviour due to such other developments; and how reaching another policy aim impacts the stability of a fully renewable power system. I adopt an interdisciplinary approach, drawing on transition research, engineering, political science and economics, with each perspective adding a piece of the puzzle. The answers will contribute to both the disciplinary and the policy-driven renewable energy research, and provide insights to help policy-makers define less conflicting policies, thus supporting the European transition to renewables.

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year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Renn, O., Becker, S., Gaschnig, H., Götting, K., Lilliestam, J., Schäuble, D., Setton, D.
Carbon pricing for a socially just energy transition
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.2312/iass.2019.058
2019 Sarah Hafner, Johan Lilliestam
The global renewable power support database. Open dataset: data on renewable power schemes in all countries, 1990-2016
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3371375
2019 Tim Tröndle, Diana Süsser, Johan Lilliestam
Ohne Windenergie keine Energiewende
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.2312/iass.2019.052
2020 Johan Lilliestam, Marc Melliger, Lana Ollier, Tobias S. Schmidt, Bjarne Steffen
Understanding and accounting for the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on global learning rates
published pages: 71-78, ISSN: 2058-7546, DOI: 10.1038/s41560-019-0531-y
Nature Energy 5/1 2020-02-20
2019 Tim Tröndle, Stefan Pfenninger, Johan Lilliestam
Home-made or imported: On the possibility for renewable electricity autarky on all scales in Europe
published pages: 100388, ISSN: 2211-467X, DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2019.100388
Energy Strategy Reviews 26 2019-08-29
2018 Mercè Labordena, David Neubauer, Doris Folini, Anthony Patt, Johan Lilliestam
Blue skies over China: The effect of pollution-control on solar power generation and revenues
published pages: e0207028, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207028
PLOS ONE 13/11 2019-04-18
2019 Saskia Ellenbeck, Johan Lilliestam
How modelers construct energy costs: Discursive elements in Energy System and Integrated Assessment Models
published pages: 69-77, ISSN: 2214-6296, DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2018.08.021
Energy Research & Social Science 47 2019-04-18
2018 Marc A. Melliger, Oscar P.R. van Vliet, Heikki Liimatainen
Anxiety vs reality – Sufficiency of battery electric vehicle range in Switzerland and Finland
published pages: 101-115, ISSN: 1361-9209, DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.08.011
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 65 2019-04-18
2018 Anthony Patt, Oscar van Vliet, Johan Lilliestam, Stefan Pfenninger
Will policies to promote energy efficiency help or hinder achieving a 1.5 °C climate target?
published pages: , ISSN: 1570-646X, DOI: 10.1007/s12053-018-9715-8
Energy Efficiency 2019-04-18
2018 Anthony Patt, Johan Lilliestam
The Case against Carbon Prices
published pages: 2494-2498, ISSN: 2542-4351, DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2018.11.018
Joule 2/12 2019-03-25

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