Opendata, web and dolomites


Fast and efficient sponge engines drive and modulate the food web of reef ecosystems

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 SPONGE ENGINE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SPONGE ENGINE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SPONGE ENGINE" about.

foundation    science    et    highlighting    reef    coral    generalize    desert    curtail    incomplete    human    microbes    appreciated    diverse    output    examples    modulating    transfers    sponges    indo    web    framework    collaborators    tropical    communities    darwin    remarkably    ecosystem    caribbean    mechanisms    pumping    mediterranean    loop    systematically    rate    earth    drivers    redeveloped    input    atlantic    strategies    unknown    driving    sea    2013    water    predict    de    discovered    ultimately    productive    retains    model    oasis    scenarios    producers    nutrients    descriptions    thrives    capacity    reefs    accumulated    resource    threatened    energy    engine    cold    iconic    climate    al    goeij    loops    biological    pacific    cycling    lacking    team    hotspots    seas    engines    fuelled    force    structuring    tools    functional    international    deep    oligotrophic    sponge    fuel    ecosystems    drive    integrating    models    services    north    morphology    marine    traits    food    primary    temperate    dissolved    mystery    community   

Project "SPONGE ENGINE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: SPUI 21
postcode: 1012WX

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Total cost 1˙465˙097 €
 EC max contribution 1˙465˙097 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-01-01   to  2021-12-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM NL (AMSTERDAM) coordinator 1˙465˙097.00


 Project objective

Coral reefs are iconic examples of biological hotspots, highly appreciated because of their ecosystem services. Yet, they are threatened by human impact and climate change, highlighting the need to develop tools and strategies to curtail changes in these ecosystems. Remarkably, ever since Darwin’s descriptions of coral reefs, it has been a mystery how one of Earth’s most productive and diverse ecosystems thrives in oligotrophic seas, as an oasis in a marine desert. My team recently discovered the ‘sponge loop’ pathway (Science, De Goeij et al 2013) that efficiently retains and transfers energy and nutrients on the reef. We recognized sponges as potential (and so far neglected) key ecosystem drivers, and accumulated evidence on sponge loops in other ecosystems, such as deep-sea coral reefs. As a result, current reef food web models, lacking sponge-driven resource cycling, are incomplete and need to be redeveloped. However, mechanisms that determine the capacity of sponge 'engines', how they are fuelled, and drive communities are unknown. This proposal will systematically establish the novel reef food web framework, integrating sponges as key ecosystem drivers. To this end, sponges will be evaluated on functional traits (morphology, associated microbes, pumping rate) in the processing of dissolved food, the main fuel of the engine. At the community level, we will assess to what extent these different traits are a driving force in structuring reef ecosystems, from fuel input (primary producers), to engine output (driving and modulating the consumer food web). This framework derived from a Caribbean reef ecosystem will be implemented in a sponge-driven food web model, a much-needed foundation to test and predict future scenarios of changes in reef communities. Ultimately, I will test and generalize the novel food web framework at a tropical Indo-Pacific, a temperate Mediterranean, and a cold-water North-Atlantic reef, together with my international collaborators.


List of deliverables.
Data Management Plan Open Research Data Pilot 2019-05-31 10:01:15

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of SPONGE ENGINE deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 L Rix, JM de Goeij, D van Oevelen, U Struck, FA Al-Horani, C Wild, MS Naumann
Reef sponges facilitate the transfer of coral-derived organic matter to their associated fauna via the sponge loop
published pages: 85-96, ISSN: 0171-8630, DOI: 10.3354/meps12443
Marine Ecology Progress Series 589 2019-06-13

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The information about "SPONGE ENGINE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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