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Biodiversity and Security: understanding environmental crime, illegal wildlife trade and threat finance.

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "BIOSEC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: S10 2TN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙822˙729 €
 EC max contribution 1˙822˙729 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2020-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD UK (SHEFFIELD) coordinator 1˙822˙729.00


 Project objective

The core intellectual aim of BIOSEC is to explore whether concerns about biodiversity protection and global security are becoming integrated, and if so, in what ways. It will do so via building new theoretical approaches for political ecology.

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of UNEP recently stated ‘the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention’. The argument that wildlife trafficking constitutes a significant source of ‘threat finance’ takes two forms: first as a lucrative business for organised crime networks in Europe and Asia, and second as a source of finance for militias and terrorist networks, most notably Al Shabaab, Lord’s Resistance Army and Janjaweed.

BIOSEC is a four year project designed to lead debates on these emerging challenges. It will build pioneering theoretical approaches and generate new empirical data. BIOSEC takes a fully integrated approach: it will produce a better conceptual understanding of the role of illegal wildlife trade in generating threat finance; it will examine the links between source and end user countries for wildlife products; and it will investigate and analyse the emerging responses of NGOs, government agencies and international organisations to these challenges.

BIOSEC goes beyond the ‘state-of-the art’ because biodiversity protection and global security currently inhabit distinctive intellectual ‘silos’; however, they need to be analysed via an interdisciplinary research agenda that cuts across human geography, politics and international relations, criminology and conservation biology. This research is timely because in the last two years, the idea that the illegal wildlife trade constitutes a major security threat has become more prevalent in academic and policy circles, yet it is an area that is under researched and poorly understood. These recent shifts demand urgent conceptual and empirical interrogation.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Jared D. Margulies, Brock Bersaglio
Furthering post-human political ecologies
published pages: 103-106, ISSN: 0016-7185, DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.017
Geoforum 94 2019-11-06
2018 JaredD Margulies
The Conservation Ideological State Apparatus
published pages: 181, ISSN: 0972-4923, DOI: 10.4103/cs.cs_16_154
Conservation and Society 16/2 2019-11-06
2018 Jared D. Margulies, Krithi K. Karanth
The production of human-wildlife conflict: A political animal geography of encounter
published pages: 153-164, ISSN: 0016-7185, DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.06.011
Geoforum 95 2019-11-06

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