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DIGEST

The impact of seed-dispersal by animals on plant distributions: an experimental and modelling approach

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "DIGEST" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE AKADEMIE VAN WETENSCHAPPEN - KNAW 

Organization address
address: KLOVENIERSBURGWAL 29 HET TRIPPENHUIS
city: AMSTERDAM
postcode: 1011 JV
website: www.knaw.nl

contact info
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name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
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fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website http://caspervanleeuwen.info/h2020-zoochory-project
 Total cost 177˙598 €
 EC max contribution 177˙598 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-05-01   to  2019-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE AKADEMIE VAN WETENSCHAPPEN - KNAW NL (AMSTERDAM) coordinator 177˙598.00

Map

 Project objective

Many plant species produce seeds that are ingested, transported and egested by animals. This dispersal mechanism is known as endozoochory, and plays a crucial role in the persistence of a broad range of plant species worldwide. The importance of endozoochory is today best known for terrestrial plant species producing fleshy-fruits around their seeds to attract animals. However, animals also massively ingest seeds that lack fleshy components in wetland ecosystems, suggesting endozoochory can also impact wetland biodiversity. Current global pressures on wetlands urge a better understanding of the dispersal mechanisms regulating biodiversity in such “islands in a sea of land”. The proposed study aims to generate a mechanistic understanding of endozoochory by studying wetland ecosystems in a novel approach: traditional time-consuming and ethically-challenging experiments with living animals will be replaced by an innovative combination of experiments and biogeographical modelling. Four key objectives are to: (I) identify contrasts and similarities between endozoochory in terrestrial and aquatic habitats in a meta-analysis; (II) modify existing artificial digestion protocols for humans and domestic animals so they simulate digestion by three key vector animal species for wetlands, during a secondment in the food industry; (III) use these protocols to estimate the endozoochorous dispersal potential for a wide range of plant species; (IV) use biogeographical modelling to test relations among the suitability index of plant species for endozoochory, plant distributions and movements of vector animals. This integrated approach will improve our mechanistic understanding of endozoochory, fuse terrestrial and aquatic ecology, exchange knowledge between academia and the industry, inform on an important ecological process in a globally changing world, and will allow me to acquire all necessary competences and contacts to initiate my own research group after this project.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Víctor Martín-Vélez, B. Mohring, C.H.A. van Leeuwen, J. Shamoun-Baranes, C.B. Thaxter, J.M. Baert, C.J. Camphuysen, A.J. Green
Functional connectivity network between terrestrial and aquatic habitats by a generalist waterbird, and implications for biovectoring
published pages: 135886, ISSN: 0048-9697, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135886
Science of The Total Environment 705 2020-01-29
2018 Casper H. A. van Leeuwen
Internal and External Dispersal of Plants by Animals: An Aquatic Perspective on Alien Interference
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-462X, DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00153
Frontiers in Plant Science 9 2019-09-17

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The information about "DIGEST" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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