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SONAR-CO2 SIGNED

Southern Ocean Nanoplankton Response to CO2

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

Views

0

 SONAR-CO2 project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SONAR-CO2 project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SONAR-CO2" about.

automatic    heavily    carbonate    combine    calcified    phytoplankton    calcification    ocean    elevated    abundance    sectors    calcareous    point    seasonality    despite    fronts    particulate    chemical    sediment    poorly    natural    organic    carbon    atmospheric    setting    saz    contributors    coccolithophore    samples    layer    concentrations    assemblages    sampler    pumps    industrial    play    abundant    baseline    collected    pic    region    controversial    subtropical    core    plankton    planktonic    latitude    anthropogenic    relatively    southern    dominance    co2    drawdown    suggest    physical    marine    contains    organisms    zone    examine    thought    antarctic    40    surface    ideal    experiments    transition    ecosystems    waters    imminent    subantarctic    small    habitat    marie    variables    water    acidification    composition    levels    traps    oceanic    occurring    curie    polar    ongoing    climate    trap    laboratory    global    calcifying    inorganic    inventory    era    sub    foraminifera    coccolithophores   

Project "SONAR-CO2" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSIDAD DE SALAMANCA 

Organization address
address: CALLE PATIO DE ESCUELAS 1
city: SALAMANCA
postcode: 37008
website: www.usal.es

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 158˙121 €
 EC max contribution 158˙121 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-02-01   to  2020-03-02

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSIDAD DE SALAMANCA ES (SALAMANCA) coordinator 158˙121.00

Map

 Project objective

The impact of anthropogenic ocean acidification on calcifying organisms is expected to be imminent, particularly in high latitude ecosystems. Coccolithophores are the most abundant calcareous phytoplankton in the ocean and play a key role in the global climate by contributing to the oceanic pumps of organic matter and carbonate. Many laboratory experiments suggest that the increasing CO2 levels in the ocean will produce a transition in dominance from more to less heavily calcified coccolithophores. However, this point remains controversial. The Southern Ocean, contains about 40% of the global inventory of anthropogenic atmospheric CO2 with much of the drawdown occurring in the Sub-Antarctic Zone or SAZ. This large inventory of anthropogenic CO2 together with the relatively small changes in other chemical and physical variables in the surface layer of the SAZ makes this region an ideal setting to examine the response of marine calcifying plankton to increasing anthropogenic CO2 levels in their natural habitat. Indeed, there is evidence that the ongoing ocean acidification in the SAZ is already affecting the calcification of key calcifying plankton such as planktonic foraminifera. Coccolithophores are thought to be the main contributors of the elevated Particulate Inorganic Carbon (PIC) concentrations in the waters of the Subtropical, Subantarctic and Polar Fronts. However, despite the importance of coccolithophores in the subantarctic ecosystems, their composition, abundance, seasonality and calcification response to increasing CO2 levels are poorly characterized. In the proposed Marie Curie project, we will combine the analysis of the coccolithophore assemblages collected by an automatic surface layer sampler, sediment traps and sediment samples from two sectors of the Subantarctic Zone. The water and sediment trap samples represent the late industrial era, while surface sediment and sediment core samples are used as a pre-industrial baseline.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Andrés S. Rigual Hernández, José A. Flores, Francisco J. Sierro, Miguel A. Fuertes, Lluïsa Cros, Thomas W. Trull
Coccolithophore populations and their contribution to carbonate export during an annual cycle in the Australian sector of the Antarctic zone
published pages: 1843-1862, ISSN: 1726-4189, DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-1843-2018
Biogeosciences 15/6 2019-06-11

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