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SONAR-CO2 SIGNED

Southern Ocean Nanoplankton Response to CO2

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

Views

0

 SONAR-CO2 project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SONAR-CO2 project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SONAR-CO2" about.

carbonate    automatic    carbon    drawdown    particulate    organisms    calcified    plankton    antarctic    abundance    global    pic    combine    baseline    latitude    zone    water    relatively    foraminifera    examine    sediment    calcification    planktonic    suggest    co2    occurring    point    sampler    ongoing    era    contains    seasonality    curie    assemblages    subtropical    contributors    marie    pumps    ecosystems    climate    habitat    sub    experiments    play    despite    heavily    coccolithophores    dominance    thought    southern    sectors    samples    small    setting    surface    variables    acidification    ideal    chemical    industrial    imminent    abundant    waters    anthropogenic    calcareous    marine    subantarctic    transition    coccolithophore    inventory    inorganic    fronts    poorly    traps    region    elevated    calcifying    concentrations    natural    atmospheric    physical    polar    trap    laboratory    phytoplankton    organic    composition    core    saz    layer    ocean    oceanic    40    controversial    collected    levels   

Project "SONAR-CO2" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSIDAD DE SALAMANCA 

Organization address
address: CALLE PATIO DE ESCUELAS 1
city: SALAMANCA
postcode: 37008
website: www.usal.es

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 158˙121 €
 EC max contribution 158˙121 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-02-01   to  2020-03-02

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSIDAD DE SALAMANCA ES (SALAMANCA) coordinator 158˙121.00

Map

 Project objective

The impact of anthropogenic ocean acidification on calcifying organisms is expected to be imminent, particularly in high latitude ecosystems. Coccolithophores are the most abundant calcareous phytoplankton in the ocean and play a key role in the global climate by contributing to the oceanic pumps of organic matter and carbonate. Many laboratory experiments suggest that the increasing CO2 levels in the ocean will produce a transition in dominance from more to less heavily calcified coccolithophores. However, this point remains controversial. The Southern Ocean, contains about 40% of the global inventory of anthropogenic atmospheric CO2 with much of the drawdown occurring in the Sub-Antarctic Zone or SAZ. This large inventory of anthropogenic CO2 together with the relatively small changes in other chemical and physical variables in the surface layer of the SAZ makes this region an ideal setting to examine the response of marine calcifying plankton to increasing anthropogenic CO2 levels in their natural habitat. Indeed, there is evidence that the ongoing ocean acidification in the SAZ is already affecting the calcification of key calcifying plankton such as planktonic foraminifera. Coccolithophores are thought to be the main contributors of the elevated Particulate Inorganic Carbon (PIC) concentrations in the waters of the Subtropical, Subantarctic and Polar Fronts. However, despite the importance of coccolithophores in the subantarctic ecosystems, their composition, abundance, seasonality and calcification response to increasing CO2 levels are poorly characterized. In the proposed Marie Curie project, we will combine the analysis of the coccolithophore assemblages collected by an automatic surface layer sampler, sediment traps and sediment samples from two sectors of the Subantarctic Zone. The water and sediment trap samples represent the late industrial era, while surface sediment and sediment core samples are used as a pre-industrial baseline.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Andrés S. Rigual Hernández, José A. Flores, Francisco J. Sierro, Miguel A. Fuertes, Lluïsa Cros, Thomas W. Trull
Coccolithophore populations and their contribution to carbonate export during an annual cycle in the Australian sector of the Antarctic zone
published pages: 1843-1862, ISSN: 1726-4189, DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-1843-2018
Biogeosciences 15/6 2019-06-11

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