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CAB

Cognition, ageing, and bilingualism: Investigating age-related changes in bilingual language switching and use.

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "CAB" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
BCBL BASQUE CENTER ON COGNITION BRAIN AND LANGUAGE 

Organization address
address: PASEO MIKELETEGI 69 2
city: SAN SEBASTIAN
postcode: 20009
website: www.bcbl.eu

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 158˙121 €
 EC max contribution 158˙121 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-09-01   to  2019-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    BCBL BASQUE CENTER ON COGNITION BRAIN AND LANGUAGE ES (SAN SEBASTIAN) coordinator 158˙121.00

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 Project objective

Older adults show difficulties with bilingual language processing and switching compared to younger adults. For example, they need more time to switch between languages and show more cross-language intrusions. Language problems have not only been found for healthy older adults, but also in patients with dementia and Parkinson’s disease. Language deterioration could be used as an early disease marker to improve diagnosis. However, the exact nature of bilingual language problems in healthy older adults needs to be studied first. Besides language deficits, older age has also been associated with deficits on executive control tasks (e.g., inhibition and switching tasks). While executive control is argued to be needed during (bilingual) language production, it is unclear how the two relate in older adults. Although some studies have found similarities between language and cognitive control, others found deviating patterns.

The proposed project therefore has two main aims: 1. Examine language switching and use in younger and older adults. 2. Investigate the relation between language and cognitive control.

We will investigate these questions in multiple experiments using behavioural and neuroimaging techniques. Language switching will be measured in picture-naming tasks eliciting switching in a cued or voluntary manner. Cross-language intrusions will be examined in a verbal fluency task. Participants will furthermore complete several executive control tasks (e.g., colour-shape switching task and Simon task). Besides comparing younger and older adults, we will also examine effects of language proficiency and switching context. In an fMRI study, we will investigate whether effects of age on neuronal mechanisms are similar for language and executive control. Together, these experiments will allow us to assess the mechanisms behind bilingual language switching and executive control in younger and older adults.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Angela de Bruin
Not All Bilinguals Are the Same: A Call for More Detailed Assessments and Descriptions of Bilingual Experiences
published pages: 33, ISSN: 2076-328X, DOI: 10.3390/bs9030033
Behavioral Sciences 9/3 2020-01-23
2018 Angela de Bruin, Arthur G. Samuel, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
Voluntary language switching: When and why do bilinguals switch between their languages?
published pages: 28-43, ISSN: 0749-596X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2018.07.005
Journal of Memory and Language 103 2020-01-23

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