Opendata, web and dolomites

STROMATA SIGNED

Micro-pyrites associated with organic material in ancient stromatolites: a new proxy attesting for their biogenicity

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 STROMATA project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the STROMATA project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "STROMATA" about.

ga    history    pyrite    origin    found    emblematic    miss    earth    laminated    influence    sims    experiment    actual    reflecting    assessing    ancient    bigger    respiration    biosphere    interpreted    time    prevail    nano    morphology    traces    quest    sedimentary    original    submicrometer    criteria    scientific    variations    microbial    iron    proxies    composition    geological    precipitation    structures    metabolisms    question    sulfate    initiation    life    xanes    isotope    metabolic    archean    stable    biological    stromatolite    isotopic    nanosims    fossils    pyrites    structure    biogenicity    form    shown    sulfides    point    situ    experimental    accretionary    attached    microbially    feg    abiotic    techniques    small    contain    away    first    record    fossil    morphological    outstanding    experimentally    combining    stromatolites    determined    identifying    compare    recorded    stromata    earliest    reaching    mats    samples    proposes    tem    modern   

Project "STROMATA" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITE JEAN MONNET SAINT-ETIENNE 

Organization address
address: RUE TREFILERIE 10
city: SAINT ETIENNE
postcode: 42023
website: www.portail.univ-st-etienne.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙060˙250 €
 EC max contribution 1˙060˙250 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-02-01   to  2023-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITE JEAN MONNET SAINT-ETIENNE FR (SAINT ETIENNE) coordinator 1˙060˙250.00

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 Project objective

Identifying Archean fossil remains from the Earth’s early biosphere is ambitious and determining the biological origin and the associated metabolic pathways present in these fossils is one outstanding question in the bigger quest of how life evolved on Earth. Stromatolites and Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS) are considered as one of the earliest evidence of Life in Earth’s history, and can be found from the Archean to the present time. Stromatolites are “attached laminated, sedimentary growth structure accretionary away from a point of initiation”, and their morphological comparison with actual structure prevail for assessing the microbial origin of ancient stromatolite in the geological record. However, experimental studies have shown that abiotic precipitation can also form structures with a similar morphology. Therefore stable isotope proxies have been used to identify past microbial metabolisms even if abiotic processes can also produce similar isotope composition. Therefore new biogenicity criteria are needed to be determined by studying modern and ancient stromatolites and by comparing them to abiotic experiment. Stromatolites and MISS contain submicrometer sulfides (pyrite) that can have recorded large isotopic variations, interpreted as reflecting the influence of various microbial metabolisms like microbial sulfate reduction and iron respiration. STROMATA proposes to define new criteria based on actual stromatolite and to test the earliest traces of life by studying in situ these nano-pyrites in various emblematic and well-characterized samples from the Archean. STROMATA will be the first far-reaching scientific in situ study of nano-pyrite in ancient (3.4 to 1.9 Ga) and modern microbial mats and stromatolites and will compare the results with experimentally produced abiotic pyrite. Due to the small scale of the pyrite, STROMATA will develop an original in situ approach by combining state of art techniques, SIMS, NanoSIMS, FEG-TEM, XANES.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Johanna Marin‐Carbonne, Vincent Busigny, Jennyfer Miot, Claire Rollion‐Bard, Elodie Muller, Nadja Drabon, Damien Jacob, Sylvain Pont, Martin Robyr, Tomaso R. R. Bontognali, Camille François, Stephanie Reynaud, Mark Van Zuilen, Pascal Philippot
In Situ Fe and S isotope analyses in pyrite from the 3.2 Ga Mendon Formation (Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa): Evidence for early microbial iron reduction
published pages: , ISSN: 1472-4677, DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12385
Geobiology 2020-03-11

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