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Selective Conversion of Water and CO2 Using Interfacial Electrochemical Engineering

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "WU TANG" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: STEVINWEG 1
city: DELFT
postcode: 2628 CN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Total cost 2˙000˙000 €
 EC max contribution 2˙000˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-11-01   to  2022-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT NL (DELFT) coordinator 2˙000˙000.00


 Project objective

The recycling of CO2 will play an important role in mitigating the energy and environmental problems that our future societies will no doubt face. Electrochemistry is a powerful technology that can make use of renewable electricity from solar and wind to power the transformation of CO2 and water to valuable chemicals and fuels. However, the electrochemical conversion of CO2 is not ready for large-scale deployment due to the poor activity, selectivity, and stability of the current catalysts used. The only way to be able to achieve better understanding of this complicated system is through careful characterization of the catalyst/electrolyte interface during electrochemical measurements, as well as the development of new theoretical models that include the effects of the electrolyte. In this proposal, I will develop an integrated approach to study the effects of the catalyst and electrolyte compositions on the formation of desired chemical products during electrochemical CO2 reduction. To ensure a robust model of the catalyst/electrolyte interface can be established, I will focus on manipulating the catalyst and electrolyte compositions in parallel, while observing the formation of reaction intermediates as a function of applied potential. The proposal will focus on Cu-based electrodes, as Cu has uniquely shown the ability to form hydrocarbon products. To understand how the product formation changes, operando techniques will be used to monitor the reaction intermediates during electrochemical cycling, to reveal new insights to the reaction pathway for a given product. A theoretical model will be developed in parallel that focuses on understanding the nature of the electrochemical activity of ions used in this reaction. Finally, the transport and reactivity of these ions will be evaluated in use with a bipolar membrane, which can effectively separate the electrochemical environments of the CO2 reduction reaction and corresponding water oxidation reaction.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Recep Kas, Onagie Ayemoba, Nienke J. Firet, Joost Middelkoop, Wilson A. Smith, Angel Cuesta
In‐Situ Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Study of the Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO 2 : Theory, Practice and Challenges
published pages: 2904-2925, ISSN: 1439-4235, DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201900533
ChemPhysChem 20/22 2020-03-05
2020 Recep Kas, Kailun Yang, Divya Bohra, Ruud Kortlever, Thomas Burdyny, Wilson A. Smith
Electrochemical CO 2 reduction on nanostructured metal electrodes: fact or defect?
published pages: 1738-1749, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c9sc05375a
Chemical Science 11/7 2020-03-05
2019 Kailun Yang, Recep Kas, Wilson A. Smith
In Situ Infrared Spectroscopy Reveals Persistent Alkalinity near Electrode Surfaces during CO 2 Electroreduction
published pages: 15891-15900, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b07000
Journal of the American Chemical Society 141/40 2020-03-05
2019 Wilson A. Smith, Thomas Burdyny, David A. Vermaas, Hans Geerlings
Pathways to Industrial-Scale Fuel Out of Thin Air from CO2 Electrolysis
published pages: 1822-1834, ISSN: 2542-4351, DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2019.07.009
Joule 3/8 2020-03-05
2019 Kai Liu, Wilson A. Smith, Thomas Burdyny
Introductory Guide to Assembling and Operating Gas Diffusion Electrodes for Electrochemical CO 2 Reduction
published pages: 639-643, ISSN: 2380-8195, DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00137
ACS Energy Letters 4/3 2019-11-06
2019 Thomas Burdyny, Wilson A. Smith
CO 2 reduction on gas-diffusion electrodes and why catalytic performance must be assessed at commercially-relevant conditions
published pages: 1442-1453, ISSN: 1754-5692, DOI: 10.1039/c8ee03134g
Energy & Environmental Science 12/5 2019-11-06

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