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The role of cell-to-cell variability in pneumococcal virulence and antibiotic resistance

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 PneumoCaTChER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PneumoCaTChER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PneumoCaTChER" about.

phenotypic    clonal    treatment    resist    therapy    grow    microbe    pneumococcal    virulence    exhibit    unclear    rates    variation    heterogeneity    genetic    opportunistic    pressure    overview    exploited    gene    cell    cellular    expression    infections    synthetic    models    pathogenic    influences    cycle    engineered    versa    diverse    biology    immune    helps    hypothesis    bistable    pathogen    switches    poorly    screening    environment    sources    position    reveal    phenotype    though    setup    infection    single    collaborations    driving    antibiotic    innovative    rna    noise    quantitative    bacterial    places    underlying    seq    platforms    mechanisms    engineering    crispri    microfluidics    pneumoniae    pathogens    streptococcus    bacteria    vice    epithelial    populations    cells    variability    transcriptomics    outcome    host    resistance    human    excellent    strategies    originate    dual    imaging    insights    combined    elude    combining    perform    pneumococci    lung    molecular    within   

Project "PneumoCaTChER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: Quartier Unil-Centre Bâtiment Unicentre
postcode: 1015

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
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 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 1˙999˙735 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙735 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-11-01   to  2023-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) coordinator 1˙999˙735.00


 Project objective

Within clonal bacterial populations not all cells exhibit the same phenotype, even though they grow in the same environment. The molecular sources contributing to phenotypic variation are diverse and can originate from noise in gene expression to heterogeneity in growth rates or cell cycle state. Phenotypic variation helps pathogenic bacteria to elude the host immune response or resist antibiotic pressure. Vice versa, there is cell-to-cell variability in the host’s response towards pathogens that can be exploited by bacteria. How the combined cellular heterogeneity of both host and microbe contribute to infection outcome is poorly understood. The role of phenotypic variation on antibiotic resistance development is also unclear.

Recently, we developed novel single cell imaging systems as well as genetic engineering and screening platforms for application to the important opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae. In addition, we generated a dual-transcriptomics overview of pneumococcal infection of human lung epithelial cells and setup collaborations to perform several infection models. This now places us in an excellent position to investigate the mechanisms and the importance of single cell behaviour for pneumococcal virulence and antibiotic resistance.

The driving hypothesis of this application is that the combined heterogeneity of host cells and pneumococci influences infection and antibiotic therapy outcome. To test this, we will use innovative approaches for infection biology by combining synthetic biology and quantitative single cell biology including single cell RNA-seq, CRISPRi, engineered bistable switches and microfluidics. We will reveal the molecular mechanisms underlying cell-to-cell variability and its importance in virulence and antibiotic resistance.

Insights obtained in this project will lead to a better understanding of phenotypic variation and might result in new treatment strategies for pneumococcal infections.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Jelle Slager, Rieza Aprianto, Jan-Willem Veening
Refining the Pneumococcal Competence Regulon by RNA Sequencing
published pages: , ISSN: 0021-9193, DOI: 10.1128/jb.00780-18
Journal of Bacteriology 201/13 2019-08-29
2019 Lance E. Keller, Anne-Stéphanie Rueff, Jun Kurushima, Jan-Willem Veening
Three New Integration Vectors and Fluorescent Proteins for Use in the Opportunistic Human Pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae
published pages: 394, ISSN: 2073-4425, DOI: 10.3390/genes10050394
Genes 10/5 2019-08-29
2019 Chryslène Mercy, Adrien Ducret, Jelle Slager, Jean-Pierre Lavergne, Céline Freton, Sathya Narayanan Nagarajan, Pierre Simon Garcia, Marie-Francoise Noirot-Gros, Nelly Dubarry, Julien Nourikyan, Jan-Willem Veening, Christophe Grangeasse
RocS drives chromosome segregation and nucleoid protection in Streptococcus pneumoniae
published pages: , ISSN: 2058-5276, DOI: 10.1038/s41564-019-0472-z
Nature Microbiology 2019-08-29

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