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REDUCTeeth SIGNED

Evolution of cell mechanisms underlying human dental reduction in Europe

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 REDUCTeeth project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REDUCTeeth project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REDUCTeeth" about.

continued    villages    dental    hunter    reshape    accompanied    describe    combining    mobile    scientific    underlying    despite    causes    teeth    histological    published    techniques    amongst    holistic    bone    treatment    journals    resolve    samples    conferences    anthropologists    public    crowding    size    orthodontic    contributes    presented    extensive    emergence    facilitated    evolutionary    nothing    occurred    combines    spanning    evolution    38    cutting    cell    socio    sedentary    global    consensus    clinical    cities    demographic    led    re    technological    lifestyle    striking    structural    reached    hypothesised    edge    biological    gatherer    jaws    levels    farming    original    prehistorical    gave    micro    international    period    skeleton    retained    mechanisms    academic    examine    molars    day    human    modern    interdisciplinary    social    evolve    skeletons    microtomographic    europeans    species    biologists    medieval    economic    ago   

Project "REDUCTeeth" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY OF KENT 

Organization address
address: THE REGISTRY CANTERBURY
city: CANTERBURY, KENT
postcode: CT2 7NZ
website: www.kent.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-10-01   to  2020-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF KENT UK (CANTERBURY, KENT) coordinator 183˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

The human skeleton has continued to evolve over the past 40,000 years in Europe, long after the emergence of our species. During this period, major social, technological and demographic changes occurred as a mobile hunter-gatherer lifestyle gave way to sedentary farming villages, and then cities. This was accompanied by biological changes to our skeletons, which are retained into the present day. One of the most striking changes is the reduced size of our teeth and jaws. This dental reduction contributes to dental crowding for modern day Europeans, which requires extensive orthodontic treatment with a significant global socio-economic cost. Despite 50 years of academic debate amongst anthropologists about the hypothesised causes underlying dental reduction, a consensus has still to be reached. Yet, we know nothing about the cell mechanisms that facilitated the reduced size of our teeth and jaws. The goal in this project is to develop an original, interdisciplinary and holistic approach that combines dental and bone analysis at three structural levels, to identify and describe the micro-evolutionary cell mechanisms that led to the reduction of modern human teeth and jaws in Europe. Combining cutting-edge histological and microtomographic techniques, I will examine molars and jaws from prehistorical, medieval and modern samples, spanning our most recent evolution from ~38,000 years ago to the present day. Using these cell mechanisms, I will re-evaluate the existing hypothesised causes of dental reduction. This project will provide a unique biological insight that will help to resolve a long-standing debate, and reshape our understanding of dental reduction during recent human evolution. Results will be of interest to anthropologists, biologists, and the general public. My project can also contribute new information for clinical orthodontic treatment. Results will be published in high-impact scientific journals and presented at international conferences.

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The information about "REDUCTEETH" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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