Opendata, web and dolomites


Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CLaSS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CLaSS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CLaSS" about.

densities    sites    emergence    continental    circulation    archaeological    cities    climatic    strategies    blamed    seeking    600    cutting    relationships    archaeology    scales    changing    differential    food    unprecedented    period    subsistence    hierarchical    societies    complexity    fluctuations    perspective    relate    events    empirical    compiled    hybrid    question    fertile    practices    models    security    larger    droughts    either    crescent    industrial    climate    landscape    population    drive    urbanism    resilience    construct    correlate    east    8000    synthetic    breaking    edge    big    2000bp    near    abrupt    conditions    simulations    surplus    localised    deep    collecting    class    generally    datasets    allowed    persistence    environmental    8000bp    area    leveraging    entire    empires    collated    ground    plant    tend    time    environment    000km2    archaeobotanical    broadly    techniques    combined    declines    overview    extreme    insights    sustainability    data    over    surveys    longer    compare    last    weather    tree    science    ing    settlement    social    political    collapse   

Project "CLaSS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: DURHAM
postcode: DH1 3LE

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙498˙650 €
 EC max contribution 1˙498˙650 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-01-01   to  2023-12-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM UK (DURHAM) coordinator 1˙100˙105.00
3    UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS UK (LEEDS) participant 140˙395.00


 Project objective

Over the last 8000 years, the Fertile Crescent of the Near East has seen the emergence of cities, states and empires. Climate fluctuations are generally considered to be a significant factor in these changes because in pre-industrial societies they directly relate to food production and security. In the short term, ‘collapse’ events brought about by extreme weather changes such as droughts have been blamed for declines in population, social complexity and political systems. More broadly, the relationships between environment, settlement and surplus drive most models for the development of urbanism and hierarchical political systems.

Studies seeking to correlate social and climatic changes in the past tend either to focus on highly localised analyses of specific sites and surveys or to take a more synthetic overview at much larger, even continental, scales. The CLaSS project will take a ground breaking hybrid approach using archaeological data science (or ‘big data’) to construct detailed, empirical datasets at unprecedented scales. Archaeological settlement data and archaeobotanical data (plant and tree remains) will be collated for the entire Fertile Crescent and combined with climate simulations derived from General Circulation Models using cutting edge techniques. The resulting datasets will represent the largest of their kind ever compiled, covering the period between 8000BP and 2000BP and an area of 600,000km2.

Collecting data at this scale will enable us to compare population densities and distribution, subsistence practices and landscape management strategies to investigate the question: What factors have allowed for the differential persistence of societies in the face of changing climatic and environmental conditions? This ambitious project will provide insights into the sustainability and resilience of societies through both abrupt and longer term climate changes, leveraging the deep time perspective only available to archaeology.

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The information about "CLASS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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