Opendata, web and dolomites


Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CLaSS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CLaSS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CLaSS" about.

perspective    resilience    east    tend    droughts    construct    compiled    hybrid    class    deep    fertile    000km2    densities    practices    sites    combined    techniques    differential    abrupt    climatic    collecting    changing    environment    breaking    ground    seeking    over    population    2000bp    longer    landscape    cities    hierarchical    overview    time    big    events    relationships    allowed    tree    period    generally    societies    political    localised    data    emergence    leveraging    larger    archaeobotanical    security    crescent    question    urbanism    entire    food    weather    surplus    collapse    industrial    ing    compare    synthetic    plant    strategies    complexity    archaeological    collated    broadly    models    declines    scales    near    drive    blamed    8000    extreme    empires    area    either    sustainability    empirical    simulations    datasets    fluctuations    edge    settlement    insights    science    relate    continental    environmental    600    8000bp    archaeology    circulation    unprecedented    social    cutting    subsistence    correlate    surveys    climate    persistence    last    conditions   

Project "CLaSS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: DURHAM
postcode: DH1 3LE

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙498˙650 €
 EC max contribution 1˙498˙650 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-01-01   to  2023-12-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM UK (DURHAM) coordinator 1˙100˙105.00
3    UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS UK (LEEDS) participant 140˙395.00


 Project objective

Over the last 8000 years, the Fertile Crescent of the Near East has seen the emergence of cities, states and empires. Climate fluctuations are generally considered to be a significant factor in these changes because in pre-industrial societies they directly relate to food production and security. In the short term, ‘collapse’ events brought about by extreme weather changes such as droughts have been blamed for declines in population, social complexity and political systems. More broadly, the relationships between environment, settlement and surplus drive most models for the development of urbanism and hierarchical political systems.

Studies seeking to correlate social and climatic changes in the past tend either to focus on highly localised analyses of specific sites and surveys or to take a more synthetic overview at much larger, even continental, scales. The CLaSS project will take a ground breaking hybrid approach using archaeological data science (or ‘big data’) to construct detailed, empirical datasets at unprecedented scales. Archaeological settlement data and archaeobotanical data (plant and tree remains) will be collated for the entire Fertile Crescent and combined with climate simulations derived from General Circulation Models using cutting edge techniques. The resulting datasets will represent the largest of their kind ever compiled, covering the period between 8000BP and 2000BP and an area of 600,000km2.

Collecting data at this scale will enable us to compare population densities and distribution, subsistence practices and landscape management strategies to investigate the question: What factors have allowed for the differential persistence of societies in the face of changing climatic and environmental conditions? This ambitious project will provide insights into the sustainability and resilience of societies through both abrupt and longer term climate changes, leveraging the deep time perspective only available to archaeology.

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The information about "CLASS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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