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ALCO-ADO SIGNED

Unveiling the alcohol-dependent alterations in local dendritic translation of mRNAs in the prefrontal cortex during adolescence

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 ALCO-ADO project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ALCO-ADO project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ALCO-ADO" about.

lasting    neurons    alterations    learning    differential    brain    connections    proteins    memory    impairs    electrophysiology    regulators    form    local    excessive    drug    modifies    alcohol    biochemistry    tests    maladaptive    dependent    functions    deleterious    adolescents    behaviors    undergoes    modulates    synaptic    composition    males    behavioral    female    prefrontal    mice    poorly    molecular    usurps    adolescence    implicated    vulnerability    mesocorticolimbic    pfc    interneurons    profoundly    heightened    neurocognitive    modifications    sensibility    eif2    maturation    defects    shown    function    frontal    impulsivity    mechanisms    multidisciplinary    translatome    analyze    alpha    modulating    regions    during    executive    translation    underlying    male    mrnas    intense    plasticity    involvement    immaturity    differences    psychological    addiction    mainly    sites    precise    glutamatergic    mtorc1    consumption    defective    cortex    adolescent    drugs    strength    females    gabaergic    uncover    altered    neuronal    populations    imaging    combining   

Project "ALCO-ADO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE 

Organization address
address: PLACE DU 20 AOUT 7
city: LIEGE
postcode: 4000
website: www.ulg.ac.be

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Belgium [BE]
 Total cost 178˙320 €
 EC max contribution 178˙320 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-04-01   to  2021-03-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE BE (LIEGE) coordinator 178˙320.00

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 Project objective

During adolescence, the brain undergoes intense maturation, particularly in the frontal areas. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is implicated in executive functions, and its immaturity in adolescents is associated with increased impulsivity and heightened vulnerability to deleterious effects of drugs. Alcohol is the most consumed drug among adolescents, and its excessive consumption profoundly impairs PFC function, leading to long-lasting defective behaviors, psychological problems and neurocognitive defects. However, the precise mechanisms underlying alcohol-induced alterations in PFC maturation remain poorly understood. Alcohol addiction is considered being a maladaptive form of learning and memory, as alcohol usurps the molecular mechanisms underlying those processes, such as long-lasting synaptic plasticity. Long-lasting changes in the strength of synaptic connections mainly depend on the local translation of mRNAs at synaptic sites. It has been shown that alcohol modifies synaptic proteins composition by modulating the activity of key translation regulators, such as mTORC1 and eIF2α, in brain regions associated with the mesocorticolimbic pathway. Here, we propose to analyze the alcohol-dependent modifications of the synaptic translatome of specific neuronal populations (glutamatergic neurons and GABAergic interneurons) in the PFC of adolescent male and female mice, by using a multidisciplinary approach combining biochemistry, imaging, electrophysiology and behavioral tests. This project aims to uncover how alcohol modulates local translation of synaptic proteins in the PFC during adolescence, to identify the targeted synaptic mRNAs and analyze their involvement in altered synaptic plasticity underlying alcohol-dependent defective behaviors. In addition, this project aims at identifying the differential sensibility to alcohol’s effects between males and females as well as the differences in behavioral consequences.

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