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PALADYN SIGNED

New geochemical approach to reconstruct tropical palaeo-atmospheric dynamics

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 PALADYN project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PALADYN project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PALADYN" about.

convergence    sea    atmospheric    climates    natural    populated    sequences    atlantic    warmth    advent    zonal    wildfires    climate    paramount    untapped    proxy    deep    cutting    westerlies    satellites    largely    hadley    shortage    savannah    thanks    tropical    pyc    southern    changing    edge    scientific    standpoints    extreme    reconstruction    regions    innovative    pacific    palaeo    episodes    tropics    relative    grassland    pleistocene    variability    expertise    planet    contradictions    biogeochemical    compounded    global    dust    isotopic    cold    satellite    carbon    intertropical    datasets    instrumental    anthropogenic    interdisciplinary    modern    models    circulation    combination    deposition    pyrogenic    meridional    pliocene    interpretative    windborne    temporal    societal    constraints    palaeoclimatic    material    alterations    paladyn    roles    zone    observations    framework    relies    geochemical    prediction    precipitation    arise    cycle    shifts    model    hydroclimates    ocean    fires    gis    refining    marine    data    mineral    sediments    spatial    hemisphere    gaps    unclear    characterization   

Project "PALADYN" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE BARCELONA 

Organization address
address: CALLE CAMPUS UNIVERSITARIO SN CERDANYOLA V
city: CERDANYOLA DEL VALLES
postcode: 8290
website: http://www.uab.es

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 2˙931˙500 €
 EC max contribution 2˙931˙500 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-12-01   to  2024-11-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE BARCELONA ES (CERDANYOLA DEL VALLES) coordinator 2˙931˙500.00

Map

 Project objective

Tropical climates are changing rapidly in the most populated regions of the planet. The changes largely arise from alterations in the Hadley circulation driven by natural and anthropogenic factors, whose relative roles and temporal variability are unclear. These knowledge gaps are in part due to the shortage of methods to study the atmospheric circulation before the advent of instrumental and satellites observations, and compounded by the contradictions between models and palaeo-data.

The aim of the project is to develop an innovative palaeo-proxy approach to investigate the natural range of variability of the Hadley circulation during past episodes of extreme warmth and cold. The approach relies on the exploitation as climate proxy of an untapped but widespread material in marine sediments: windborne pyrogenic carbon (PyC) derived from savannah and grassland fires in the tropics.

Through the geochemical and isotopic spatial characterization of PyC, along with the analysis of mineral dust in the modern tropical deep ocean, and a PyC biogeochemical model, we will build an interpretative framework of PyC deposition in deep-sea sediments. Its application in Pliocene-Pleistocene sequences from the Atlantic and the Pacific will allow the reconstruction of past meridional and zonal shifts in the Intertropical Convergence Zone and the Southern hemisphere westerlies, and provide new constraints on the natural variability of the Hadley circulation and associated hydroclimates.

PALADYN is possible thanks to the combination of cutting-edge geochemical and satellite data, and GIS methodologies, with in-depth interdisciplinary expertise on the palaeoclimatic study of marine sediments. We will provide new important datasets of windborne deep-sea PyC for testing and refining prediction models of atmospheric circulation, carbon cycle, precipitation and wildfires, issues which are of paramount global importance from scientific as well as societal standpoints.

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The information about "PALADYN" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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