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DEMETER SIGNED

Eight millennia of changes in domestic plants and animals: understanding local adaptation under socio-economic and climatic fluctuations

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 DEMETER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DEMETER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DEMETER" about.

grains    last    practices    threat    models    relationships    synthesis    plant    experiencing    economic    regimes    influenced    landraces    phenomics    region    archaeobotany    primary    farmers    geometric    centre    pigs    resolution    occidental    regional    mammal    harvested    adapt    modern    barley    never    domestic    forms    allowed    contexts    millennia    transition    zooms    occurred    combination    trace    repeatedly    until    zooarchaeology    local    neolithic    fine    climate    evolution    led    northwestern    varieties    unprecedented    exist    animal    breed    marks    human    crop    disappearance    history    drastic    domesticates    unconventional    agriculture    goats    animals    envisioned    teeth    basin    crisis    context    humans    species    mediterranean    outside    sheep    onset    plants    statistical    culture    socio    morphometrics    progressive    diversity    breeds    palaeoproteins    environmental    domestication    specimens    societies    databasing    farming    demeter    food   

Project "DEMETER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙447˙800 €
 EC max contribution 1˙447˙800 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-03-01   to  2025-02-28

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 1˙447˙800.00

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 Project objective

The domestication of plants and animals marks a major transition in human history and is a key element in the development of modern societies. Local and traditional domestic breeds and varieties are the result of millennia of selection of landraces by farmers. However, we are now experiencing a major crisis with a drastic loss in the diversity of food production systems and the progressive disappearance of traditional practices. The local knowledge and culture of farmers are under threat, as well as the diversity of harvested species, varieties and breeds. In this context, DEMETER’s objective is to trace how societies influenced crop and breed evolution under different farming and environmental regimes, and socio-economic contexts since the onset of agriculture. More specifically, DEMETER aims at identifying: 1) how and why the diversity of domestic forms evolved and led to the large number of breeds and varieties that exist today, and 2) how this diversity allowed societies to adapt to the environmental and socio-economic changes that occurred repeatedly since the onset of agriculture. DEMETER aims at studying the evolution, from the Neolithic until the present of a selection animal and plant models: pigs, sheep, goats and barley, in a given region, the Northwestern Occidental Mediterranean basin, i.e. outside their primary ‘domestication centre’. DEMETER will be based on an unprecedented and unconventional combination of approaches, including phenomics (through geometric morphometrics), databasing, zooarchaeology, archaeobotany, climate modelling, palaeoproteins (ZooMs) and statistical analyses, implemented to analyse 10,000 domestic specimens (i.e. mammal teeth and barley grains). DEMETER will produce an unprecedented regional synthesis of the relationships between humans and domesticates over the last 8 millennia in a new way and at a fine-scale resolution never envisioned before.

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The information about "DEMETER" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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