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REpAIR SIGNED

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of Inflammation and Tissue Regeneration: Studying the immune system - tissue - microbiota communication to develop targeted therapies for immune-mediated diseases and cancer

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "REpAIR" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAETSKLINIKUM HAMBURG-EPPENDORF 

Organization address
address: Martinistrasse 52
city: HAMBURG
postcode: 20251
website: www.uke.uni-hamburg.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 1˙999˙687 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙687 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-06-01   to  2025-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAETSKLINIKUM HAMBURG-EPPENDORF DE (HAMBURG) coordinator 1˙356˙125.00
2    HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR INFEKTIONSFORSCHUNG GMBH DE (BRAUNSCHWEIG) participant 643˙562.00

Map

 Project objective

Inflammation is fundamental to promote tissue regeneration upon injury, and in turn, the resolution of the immune response. Physiological tissue regeneration depends on fine-tuned interaction between the immune system, the tissue, and the microbiota. However, the complex communication between these three components and the molecules that mediate it are unclear. Understanding this is fundamental to prevent immune-mediated diseases and even cancer. This is particularly important at mucosal surfaces, where continued regeneration occurs. Therefore, we hypothesize that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) are a consequence of a miscommunication between these components. Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is one key orchestrator of this communication: It is produced by immune cells and by acting on intestinal epithelial cells, it modulates the composition of the microbiota and promotes tissue regeneration. However, IL-22 can also promote both chronic inflammation and cancer. Exactly what regulates these paradoxical effects remains unclear. Of note, there is an endogenous inhibitor of IL-22, namely IL-22 binding protein (IL-22BP), which blocks IL-22 activity. We hypothesize that a misguided spatio-temporal regulation of the IL-22 – IL-22BP axis is the cause of pathogenic effects of IL-22. In particular, we will analyse: (i) the location, and the functional and molecular heterogeneity; (ii) the origin and fate of IL-22 and IL-22BP producing immune cells; and (iii) the role of the microbiota in regulating them. To this end, we will use new transgenic and gnotobiotic mouse models, single cell RNA sequencing and human samples. In short, by studying the IL-22 - IL-22BP axis, we will understand how the complex interactions between the immune system, the tissue, and the microbiota lead to either physiological or pathological tissue regeneration. This will provide the basis for therapies controlling inflammation and tissue regeneration in a spatio-temporal manner.

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The information about "REPAIR" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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