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Assessing the technical and business feasibility of Callose Enriched Plant Biomass as a solution for improving Biorefinery Industry processes and profit margins

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 APPLICAL project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the APPLICAL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "APPLICAL" about.

renewable    yield    decreased    neutral    released    extraction    economic    planning    2035    additional    start    initial    fermentable    green    ranging    margins    bottleneck    raw    introduction    intake    added    materials    outlook    penalty    patented    frequent    made    45    chemicals    conversion    biobiorefineries    time    recalcitrance    markets    pipelines    climate    bioconversion    biofuels    led    genetically       efficiency    pretreatment    linear    lignocellulosic    recalcitrant    innovation    substantial    saccharification    sugars    throughput    investments    market    profit    poc    industry    extensive    bioplastics    positive    commercialisation    migrating    specialty    sources    trials    demand    innovations    experiments    proof    penetration    instance    closer    maturity    energy    manageable    carry    carbon    drawback    industrial    breakthrough    modified    poplars    bioethanol    business    effort    sugar    biorefineries    90    biomass    callose    hampered    proposes    material    biorefinery   

Project "APPLICAL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Total cost 0 €
 EC max contribution 150˙000 € (0%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-PoC
 Funding Scheme ERC-POC-LS
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-04-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

BioBiorefineries are facing a positive economic outlook due to the ever-growing concerns for climate change, which is triggering demand towards carbon neutral materials and energy derived from renewable sources. However, the growth of the industry is hampered by their low profit margins and additional investments and innovations are needed to improve process efficiency. The key problem in migrating towards green production is the biomass recalcitrance, which is known to be a major bottleneck in the lignocellulosic biomass conversion process. The initial steps common to several biorefinery process pipelines, the extraction and sugar conversion process (saccharification), can account to as much as 40-45% of the process costs. Therefore, biorefineries can achieve extensive economic impact by addressing this part of their process through a simple business development effort. We recently made a breakthrough and obtained a biomass less recalcitrant to bioconversion into fermentable sugars. Results show that introduction of only 5% Callose in genetically modified poplars led to 90% more fermentable sugars released during saccharification experiments without any growth penalty, a frequent drawback for such innovations. In practice, this proposes added value to biorefineries through decreased raw material intake, improved throughput and improved yield. For instance, bioethanol production could expect a linear throughput increase (in the 50-90% range) with the same material intake. Moreover, the more manageable pretreatment process will also experience improved energy efficiency. In the PoC we will carry out technical proof-of-concept and commercialisation planning activities to improve the maturity, and bringing our patented innovation closer to the markets with applications ranging from biofuels, advanced materials and bioplastics to specialty chemicals. Our initial goal is to start industrial scale trials in 5 years time and achieve substantial market penetration by 2035.

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