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Assessing the technical and business feasibility of Callose Enriched Plant Biomass as a solution for improving Biorefinery Industry processes and profit margins

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 APPLICAL project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the APPLICAL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "APPLICAL" about.

throughput    sources    bioethanol    extensive    frequent    led    added    margins    recalcitrance    business    raw    innovations    start    investments    positive    planning       pretreatment    made    biorefinery    modified    decreased    ranging    carry    markets    closer    neutral    experiments    recalcitrant    sugar    pipelines    proof    efficiency    industry    penetration    bioplastics    chemicals    biorefineries    outlook    innovation    90    intake    patented    carbon    hampered    maturity    genetically    poc    fermentable    profit    instance    drawback    initial    market    materials    economic    breakthrough    energy    biobiorefineries    bioconversion    demand    introduction    bottleneck    industrial    green    biofuels    effort    yield    sugars    linear    proposes    poplars    specialty    2035    commercialisation    substantial    extraction    penalty    45    lignocellulosic    biomass    conversion    callose    additional    released    saccharification    migrating    trials    manageable    climate    time    material    renewable   

Project "APPLICAL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Total cost 0 €
 EC max contribution 150˙000 € (0%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-PoC
 Funding Scheme ERC-POC-LS
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-04-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

BioBiorefineries are facing a positive economic outlook due to the ever-growing concerns for climate change, which is triggering demand towards carbon neutral materials and energy derived from renewable sources. However, the growth of the industry is hampered by their low profit margins and additional investments and innovations are needed to improve process efficiency. The key problem in migrating towards green production is the biomass recalcitrance, which is known to be a major bottleneck in the lignocellulosic biomass conversion process. The initial steps common to several biorefinery process pipelines, the extraction and sugar conversion process (saccharification), can account to as much as 40-45% of the process costs. Therefore, biorefineries can achieve extensive economic impact by addressing this part of their process through a simple business development effort. We recently made a breakthrough and obtained a biomass less recalcitrant to bioconversion into fermentable sugars. Results show that introduction of only 5% Callose in genetically modified poplars led to 90% more fermentable sugars released during saccharification experiments without any growth penalty, a frequent drawback for such innovations. In practice, this proposes added value to biorefineries through decreased raw material intake, improved throughput and improved yield. For instance, bioethanol production could expect a linear throughput increase (in the 50-90% range) with the same material intake. Moreover, the more manageable pretreatment process will also experience improved energy efficiency. In the PoC we will carry out technical proof-of-concept and commercialisation planning activities to improve the maturity, and bringing our patented innovation closer to the markets with applications ranging from biofuels, advanced materials and bioplastics to specialty chemicals. Our initial goal is to start industrial scale trials in 5 years time and achieve substantial market penetration by 2035.

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