LAND CRAB OLFACTION

Transition from sea to land: Olfactory function and adaptations in terrestrial crustaceans

 Coordinatore MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V. 

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Bill S.
Cognome: Hansson
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 3641 571401
Fax: +49 3641 571002

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Totale costo 166˙982 €
 EC contributo 166˙982 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-2007-2-1-IEF
 Funding Scheme MC-IEF
 Anno di inizio 2009
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2009-07-01   -   2011-06-30

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Bill S.
Cognome: Hansson
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 3641 571401
Fax: +49 3641 571002

DE (MUENCHEN) coordinator 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

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sea    cues    environment    transition    land    abilities    discrimination    coenobitidae    adaptations    chemical    air    crabs    olfactory   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Within adult anomuran land crabs (Coenobitidae: Anomura) there are various degrees of terrestrialization, but all species have retained marine larval stages. The ability to recognize and discriminate chemical cues in the environment is essential for most animals, and thus a successful transition from sea to land calls for dramatically new demands on the chemosensory system, where stimulus changes from mainly water-soluble molecules to hydrophobic, volatile chemical cues carried by the air. Hence, these land crabs represent an excellent opportunity to investigate the effects of the transition from sea to land on the olfactory system. The olfactory organs of Coenobitidae show structural similarities with the insects, indicating an adaptation for function in air and both field and laboratory studies show that land crabs do make use of their olfactory system on land and seem to have quite sophisticated olfactory abilities for distant chemoreception. Also new neuroanatomical studies indicate that the coenobitids have superb olfactory processing and discrimination capacities. The main objective of this research project is to explore the seemingly extraordinary olfactory abilities of the Coenobitidae and to understand how they have evolved as adaptations to the terrestrial environment. In a highly interdisciplinary approach, behavioural investigations will be integrated with modern neurophysiological and optical imaging techniques, to identify which chemical substances induce biological activity and to study olfactory processing and discrimination capabilities. The project will generate new knowledge about how environmental and evolutionary forces dictate specific adaptations in olfactory systems, which will contribute to our general understanding of the olfactory sense. The high complementarity of the research training will strongly reinforce my scientific career by broadening my research perspective while at the same time adding cutting edge focus.'

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