EMARES

Exploring Morphospaces in Adaptive Radiations to unravel Ecological Speciation

 Coordinatore THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE 

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 Nazionalità Coordinatore United Kingdom [UK]
 Totale costo 2˙474˙128 €
 EC contributo 2˙474˙128 €
 Programma FP7-IDEAS-ERC
Specific programme: "Ideas" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call ERC-2009-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-AG
 Anno di inizio 2010
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2010-10-01   -   2016-06-30

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

 Organization address address: RAPENBURG 70
city: LEIDEN
postcode: 2300 RA

contact info
Nome: Ton
Cognome: Brouwer
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 71 5273149
Fax: +31 71 527 5269

NL (LEIDEN) beneficiary 0.00
2    THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

 Organization address address: The Old Schools, Trinity Lane
city: CAMBRIDGE
postcode: CB2 1TN

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Renata
Cognome: Schaeffer
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 1223 333543
Fax: +44 1223 332988

UK (CAMBRIDGE) hostInstitution 2˙474˙128.00
3    THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

 Organization address address: The Old Schools, Trinity Lane
city: CAMBRIDGE
postcode: CB2 1TN

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Paul Martin
Cognome: Brakefield
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 1223 336000
Fax: +44 1223 336676

UK (CAMBRIDGE) hostInstitution 2˙474˙128.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

leads    species    adaptive    radiations    patterns    ecological    exactly    traits    models    morphospace    speciation    few   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'150 years from the Origin and we have yet to unravel how ecological speciation works, and how it leads to spectacular adaptive radiations. The process has two components: adaptation to ecological niches and production of new species. My aim is to make breakthroughs in understanding ecological speciation by the study of geographically parallel adaptive radiations in mycalesine butterflies that have yielded some 250 extant species in the Old World tropics. More empirical studies are needed because few radiations have been examined from many different perspectives (including in insects). It is not fully understood either how exactly radiation occurs or how exactly selection leads to speciation. This proposal provides a unique opportunity, outside a few vertebrate clades, to resolve this by fully integrating several lines of evidence and methodologies. My approach will be to study patterns of diversity and disparity in morphospace for several sets of key traits: 1) wing patterns, 2) larval host plant choice especially with respect to C3 and C4 photosynthesis, and 3) male secondary sexual traits and sex pheromones. We will collect phenotypic, genetic, developmental, and ecological data. Application of phylogenetic comparative methods to the relationships of all traits among all species will make inferences about the biological mechanisms that have driven diversification and speciation. The combination of surveys of morphospace, the use of comparative methods, and microevolutionary studies using laboratory models will provide a unique comprehensive view. Our analyses will distinguish among alternative patterns of adaptive radiations, test predictions from models, and move us forward in identifying the drivers of observed patterns.'

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