: E-SQUID

Development of SQUID-based multiplexers for large Infrared-to-X-ray imaging detector arrays in astronomical research from space

 Coordinatore HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO 

 Organization address address: YLIOPISTONKATU 4
city: HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO
postcode: 14

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Satu
Cognome: Väisänen
Email: send email
Telefono: +358 9 19150613
Fax: +358 9 19151080

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Finland [FI]
 Sito del progetto http://fusion.gfl.helsinki.fi/esquid
 Totale costo 2˙582˙252 €
 EC contributo 1˙999˙738 €
 Programma FP7-SPACE
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Space
 Code Call FP7-SPACE-2010-1
 Funding Scheme CP
 Anno di inizio 2011
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2011-01-01   -   2014-08-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO

 Organization address address: YLIOPISTONKATU 4
city: HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO
postcode: 14

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Satu
Cognome: Väisänen
Email: send email
Telefono: +358 9 19150613
Fax: +358 9 19151080

FI (HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO) coordinator 526˙862.40
2    TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT

 Organization address address: TEKNIIKANTIE 4 A
city: ESPOO
postcode: 02044 VTT

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Tarja
Cognome: Tuominen
Email: send email
Telefono: +358 20 7225361
Fax: +358 20 7227012

FI (ESPOO) participant 550˙612.00
3    INSTITUTE OF PHOTONIC TECHNOLOGY E.V.

 Organization address address: Albert Einstein strasse 9
city: JENA
postcode: 7745

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Volker
Cognome: Reichel
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 3641 206275
Fax: +49 3641 206099

DE (JENA) participant 483˙513.60
4    MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Karl-Heinz
Cognome: Böckelmann
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 228 525 242
Fax: +49 228 525 409

DE (MUENCHEN) participant 108˙000.00
5    STICHTING SRON NETHERLANDS INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH

 Organization address address: Sorbonnelaan 2
city: UTRECHT
postcode: 3584 CA

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Gerard
Cognome: Blankenstijn
Email: send email
Telefono: 31887775830
Fax: 31887775601

NL (UTRECHT) participant 99˙750.00
6    UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

 Organization address address: University Road
city: LEICESTER
postcode: LE1 7RH

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Marie
Cognome: Adams
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 116 252 3332
Fax: +44 116 252 2028

UK (LEICESTER) participant 99˙750.00
7    SUPRACON AG

 Organization address address: AN DER LEHMGRUBE 11
city: JENA
postcode: 7751

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Jens
Cognome: Kobow
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 3641 675384
Fax: +49 3641 675387

DE (JENA) participant 75˙000.00
8    AIVON OY

 Organization address address: TIETOTIE 3
city: ESPOO
postcode: 2150

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Jari Sakari
Cognome: Penttilä
Email: send email
Telefono: 358400000000
Fax: 358400000000

FI (ESPOO) participant 56˙250.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

sensor    detection    extremely    quantum    finland    signals    readout    sensitive    noise    universe    germany    cryogenic    interference    arrays    space    evolution    microwave    above    signal    fallen    astrophysics    superconducting    united    scientists       origin    squid    background    multiplexing    nature    recently    radiation    missions    insights    ground    rare    detectors    astronomy    detector    university    temperatures    device    exploration    progress   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Recently, research in astrophysics has yielded amazing new insight in the origin, evolution and structure of the Universe, and fundamental processes governing this highly dynamical system. Most of this progress was achieved thanks to the availability of extremely sensitive detectors. Common features for such detectors are extremely low noise and very small background, and the main solutions for achieving this are based on extremely low operating temperature allowing measurement of signal in superconducting phase. Space-based applications using superconducting technology, however, are rare and considerable effort is being put in their development. In this critical field, European technology has recently fallen notably behind the state of the art defined by the USA. We will use Transition Edge Sensor (TES), Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector (MKID), and Metallic Magnetic Calorimeter (MMC) detector arrays and develop readout systems using multiplexed Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) amplifiers for focal plane sensor arrays in the X-rays, optical and far infrared wavelengths. The above detector concept has potential for use in a wide range of space missions, and it has also applications in other fields of research outside astronomy, where weak photon signals are measured with high accuracy. The main aim of this project is to improve the European technology readiness level (TRL) and brigde the gap to the global state-of-the-art and advance European independence in the above key technology. The partners of this collaborative project are the key developers of SQUID technology in Europe (VTT Finland, IPHT Germany), and represent the highest international level of scientific expertise in astrophysics research and instrument development (SRON Netherlands, University of Leicester United Kingdom, Max-Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy Germany, and University of Helsinki Finland). Also two SME partners are involved in minor supporting work packages.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

EU-funded scientists are developing novel superconducting technology for highly sensitive detection of radiation by spacecraft. Exploitation should provide insights into the origin and nature of the Universe.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Space exploration yields exciting insights into the origin, evolution and nature of the Universe. Much progress is focused on detection of electromagnetic radiation from deep space including cosmic microwave background and the faint X-ray glow of distant stars and galaxies.

Detection of radiation requires highly sensitive instrumentation. In fact, most recent progress has been the result of superconducting technology enabling very sensitive detectors operating at extremely low temperatures with minimal noise. However, space-based applications of such technology are rare and the EU has fallen behind the United States in this area.

European scientists initiated the E-SQUID project to develop superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID)-based detector readout technology focused on space missions but equally important in ground-based applications. The team is focusing on carrying a high number of signals at the same time in a complex signal that can then be decoded (multiplexing).

Much research work was required to select and design the multiplexing technology suitable to a SQUID readout from cryogenic (operating at very low temperatures) detectors. To date, E-SQUID has developed prototype of back-end electronics and wiring to the cryogenic front end, and made first prototypes of new SQUID-multiplexers.

Completion of the E-SQUID project should result in a new high performance SQUID circuit capable of cryogenic multiplexing of detector arrays. Commercialisation of the new technology will enhance the competitive position of the EU in space exploration and could also find ground-based applications in airport security and cancer screening and detection.

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