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EU Surface Temperature for All Corners of Earth

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "EUSTACE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: EXETER
postcode: EX1 3PB

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙954˙918 €
 EC max contribution 2˙694˙968 € (91%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.2.1.6. (INDUSTRIAL LEADERSHIP - Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies – Space)
 Code Call H2020-EO-2014
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-01-01   to  2019-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MET OFFICE UK (EXETER) coordinator 905˙056.00
2    THE UNIVERSITY OF READING UK (READING) participant 381˙348.00
5    UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER UK (LEICESTER) participant 309˙138.00
6    THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH UK (EDINBURGH) participant 214˙132.00
8    UNIVERSITY OF BATH UK (BATH) participant 57˙836.00
10    UNIVERSITAET BERN CH (BERN) participant 0.00


 Project objective

EUSTACE utilises Europe’s capacity for gathering space-borne observations of the skin temperature, of all components of Earth’s surface, by extracting data relevant to providing estimates of surface air temperature, a primary Essential Climate Variable (ECV), conventionally measured at (often sparse) meteorological stations. EUSTACE will use measurements from operational and research satellites to enable estimates of surface air temperature to be made everywhere on Earth at higher spatial and temporal resolution than previously possible. The surface air temperature ECV is so fundamental to understanding our climate, that this will innovatively enable Europe to address its key societal challenges. The global coverage of space-borne observations of surface skin temperature will allow EUSTACE to estimate surface air temperature for parts of Earth that are not currently or historically observed by meteorological stations. EUSTACE will combine previous research experience, with the wealth of surface skin temperature retrievals now available, to produce estimates of surface air temperature over the whole of Earth, including the Poles. EUSTACE will then use these to develop new derived data products, i.e. globally complete analyses with estimates of associated uncertainties using new analysis methods developed within the project. Through the engagement of appropriate “trail blazer” users, EUSTACE will enable integration or assimilation of the products into applications related to Earth system sciences, forecasting models and other user sectors. EUSTACE will develop an automated system for surface air temperature products that is capable of being sustained after its lifetime. All development work will be undertaken on the same IT platform and all code secured within a central code repository. The design of the EUSTACE system will also account for on-going availability of observations from existing sources and planned availability of information from next generation sensors.


List of deliverables.
Final, verified products delivered to CEMS for dissemination Other 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Final version of user guides Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Validation report for the final in-filled EUSTACE surface air temperature product Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Intercomparison report for the final in-filled EUSTACE surface air temperature product Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Validation of FULLSTACE with lake surface temperatures Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Observation Integration: Auxiliary data to support lake influence in SAT analysis Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Connection of final products to data services (CEDA/ESGF) Open Research Data Pilot 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Paper submitted for peer-review on overall EUSTACE project and key findings Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:32
Intercomparison report for the intermediate fields inferred from retrievals Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:31
A consistent set of air temperature fields and uncertainties across all surfaces Other 2019-10-04 12:13:31
Gridded data product for Europe, based on the homogenised LSAT Other 2019-10-04 12:13:31
Validation report for the intermediate fields inferred from retrievals Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:31
Report on the relationship between satellite surface skin temperature and surface air temperature observations Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:31
Short report on availability of regular updates to source datasets, with recommendations as to alternative data sources if needed Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Homogenised daily LSAT, with report Other 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Uncertainties added to satellite datasets in CEMS Other 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Report on common approach to estimating uncertainties across all surfaces Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:30
User requirement specification (for other work packages) Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Validation report for surface temperature uncertainties Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Report on User Workshop Documents, reports 2019-10-04 12:13:30
Global LSAT dataset with discontinuities identified where possible Other 2019-10-04 12:13:31
External project website Other 2019-10-04 12:13:30

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of EUSTACE deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Darren Ghent, Karen Veal, Tim Trent, Emma Dodd, Harjinder Sembhi, John Remedios
A New Approach to Defining Uncertainties for MODIS Land Surface Temperature
published pages: 1021, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs11091021
Remote Sensing 11/9 2019-10-04
2017 R. Iestyn Woolway, Piet Verburg, Christopher J. Merchant, John D. Lenters, David P. Hamilton, Justin Brookes, Sean Kelly, Simon Hook, Alo Laas, Don Pierson, Alon Rimmer, James A. Rusak, Ian D. Jones
Latitude and lake size are important predictors of over-lake atmospheric stability
published pages: 8875-8883, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073941
Geophysical Research Letters 44/17 2019-10-04
2017 R. Iestyn Woolway, Martin T. Dokulil, Wlodzimierz Marszelewski, Martin Schmid, Damien Bouffard, Christopher J. Merchant
Warming of Central European lakes and their response to the 1980s climate regime shift
published pages: 505-520, ISSN: 0165-0009, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-017-1966-4
Climatic Change 142/3-4 2019-10-04
2017 R. Iestyn Woolway, Christopher J. Merchant
Amplified surface temperature response of cold, deep lakes to inter-annual air temperature variability
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-04058-0
Scientific Reports 7/1 2019-10-04
2018 Pia Nielsen-Englyst, Jacob L. Høyer, Kristine S. Madsen, Gorm Dybkjær, Rasmus Tonboe, Emy Alerskans
In situ observed relationships between skin temperatures and 2 m airtemperatures in the Arctic
published pages: 1-29, ISSN: 1994-0440, DOI: 10.5194/tc-2018-150
The Cryosphere Discussions 2019-10-04
2018 Stefan Brönnimann, Rob Allan, Christopher Atkinson, Roberto Buizza, Olga Bulygina, Per Dahlgren, Dick Dee, Robert Dunn, Pedro Gomes, Viju O. John, Sylvie Jourdain, Leopold Haimberger, Hans Hersbach, John Kennedy, Paul Poli, Jouni Pulliainen, Nick Rayner, Roger Saunders, Jörg Schulz, Alexander Sterin, Alexander Stickler, Holly Titchner, Maria Antonia Valente, Clara Ventura, Clive Wilkinson
Observations for Reanalyses
published pages: 1851-1866, ISSN: 0003-0007, DOI: 10.1175/bams-d-17-0229.1
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99/9 2019-10-04
2019 Antonello A. Squintu, Gerard van der Schrier, Yuri Brugnara, Albert Klein Tank
Homogenization of daily temperature series in the European Climate Assessment & Dataset
published pages: 1243-1261, ISSN: 0899-8418, DOI: 10.1002/joc.5874
International Journal of Climatology 39/3 2019-10-04
2017 R. Iestyn Woolway, Pille Meinson, Peeter Nõges, Ian D. Jones, Alo Laas
Atmospheric stilling leads to prolonged thermal stratification in a large shallow polymictic lake
published pages: 759-773, ISSN: 0165-0009, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-017-1909-0
Climatic Change 141/4 2019-10-04
2017 P. W. Thorne, R. J. Allan, L. Ashcroft, P. Brohan, R. J. H Dunn, M. J. Menne, P. R. Pearce, J. Picas, K. M. Willett, M. Benoy, S. Bronnimann, P. O. Canziani, J. Coll, R. Crouthamel, G. P. Compo, D. Cuppett, M. Curley, C. Duffy, I. Gillespie, J. Guijarro, S. Jourdain, E. C. Kent, H. Kubota, T. P. Legg, Q. Li, J. Matsumoto, C. Murphy, N. A. Rayner, J. J. Rennie, E. Rustemeier, L. C. Slivinski, V. Slonosky, A. Squintu, B. Tinz, M. A. Valente, S. Walsh, X. L. Wang, N. Westcott, K. Wood, S. D. Woodruff, S. J. Worley
Toward an Integrated Set of Surface Meteorological Observations for Climate Science and Applications
published pages: 2689-2702, ISSN: 0003-0007, DOI: 10.1175/bams-d-16-0165.1
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98/12 2019-10-04
2018 Stefan Hunziker, Stefan Brönnimann, Juan Calle, Isabel Moreno, Marcos Andrade, Laura Ticona, Adrian Huerta, Waldo Lavado-Casimiro
Effects of undetected data quality issues on climatological analyses
published pages: 1-20, ISSN: 1814-9332, DOI: 10.5194/cp-14-1-2018
Climate of the Past 14/1 2019-10-04
2018 R. Iestyn Woolway, Christopher J. Merchant
Intralake Heterogeneity of Thermal Responses to Climate Change: A Study of Large Northern Hemisphere Lakes
published pages: 3087-3098, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1002/2017JD027661
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123/6 2019-10-04
2019 R. Iestyn Woolway, Christopher J. Merchant
Worldwide alteration of lake mixing regimes in response to climate change
published pages: 271-276, ISSN: 1752-0894, DOI: 10.1038/s41561-019-0322-x
Nature Geoscience 12/4 2019-10-04
2016 Yuri Brugnara, Renate Auchmann, Stefan Brönnimann, Alessio Bozzo, Daniele Cat Berro, Luca Mercalli
Trends of mean and extreme temperature indices since 1874 at low-elevation sites in the southern Alps
published pages: 3304-3325, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024582
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121/7 2019-10-04
2016 Jessica Blunden, Derek S. Arndt
State of the Climate in 2015
published pages: Si-S275, ISSN: 0003-0007, DOI: 10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97/8 2019-10-04
2016 Elizabeth Jane Good
An in situ-based analysis of the relationship between land surface “skin” and screen-level air temperatures
published pages: 8801-8819, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025318
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121/15 2019-10-04

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