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Wayfinding Through Orientation

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "WayTO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 48149
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙336˙562 €
 EC max contribution 1˙336˙562 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2021-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Wayfinding is a task that we manage every day while going to work or on vacation. Although wayfinding research has gone through tremendous development, it suffers from fundamental shortcomings: State-of-the art wayfinding research still adheres to the principles of turn-by-turn navigation. This proposal suggests a new wayfinding paradigm “Wayfinding Through Orientation” that supports the acquisition of spatial knowledge and cognitive mapping for advancing the user’s orientation. Users learn the spatial configuration of their environment through navigating. This makes wayfinding more successful because users with orientation can take informed spatial decisions. Our project goals are achieved through four objectives: 1.We develop a scientific understanding of orientation in wayfinding through empirically analyzing what kind of information induces orientation in humans. 2.We generate orientation information automatically. Orientation information is different to spatial data stored in geographic information systems, because it does not have a consistent level of generalization, it is schematized and it refers to vernacular, vague places not included in traditional maps. 3.New means of communication are developed to integrate orientation instructions into route directions. New maps are required to account for the characteristics of orientation information. 4.To evaluate orientation wayfinding, we cannot apply traditional measures such as travel time, but develop new methods to determine the effect of orientation wayfinding on peoples’ ability to solve wayfinding tasks that require orientation and cognitive mapping. “Wayfinding Through Orientation” is a paradigm change in wayfinding which has profound impact well beyond GI Science research. Our research lays the scientific foundations for a new way of navigation. We strongly believe that we have the necessary expertise to pursue this interdisciplinary project. Preliminary results have been well received by the community.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Vanessa Joy A. Anacta, Angela Schwering, Rui Li, Stefan Muenzer
Orientation information in wayfinding instructions: evidences from human verbal and visual instructions
published pages: 567-583, ISSN: 0343-2521, DOI: 10.1007/s10708-016-9703-5
GeoJournal 82/3 2019-10-28
2017 Jakub Krukar, Christoph Hölscher, Ruth Conroy Dalton
Indoor Wayfinding: Interview with Christoph Hölscher and Ruth Conroy Dalton
published pages: 185-191, ISSN: 0933-1875, DOI: 10.1007/s13218-016-0483-3
KI - Künstliche Intelligenz 31/2 2019-10-28
2016 Krukar, J.; Schwering, A.
What is Orientation?
published pages: 115-117, ISSN: , DOI:
KogWis: 13th Biannual Conference of the German Cognitive Science Society 2019-10-28
2017 Jakub Krukar, Angela Schwering, Vanessa Joy Anacta
Landmark-Based Navigation in Cognitive Systems
published pages: 121-124, ISSN: 0933-1875, DOI: 10.1007/s13218-017-0487-7
KI - Künstliche Intelligenz 31/2 2019-10-28
Cognitively driven design in geospatial technologies: achieving spatial intelligence in both systems and humans in everyday activities
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
UCGIS Research Challenges Initiative at the 2016 UCGIS Symposium 2019-10-28
2016 Anacta,VJA, Krukar,J, Humayun,MI, Schwering,A
Visualizing salient features in spatial descriptions
published pages: 21, ISSN: , DOI:
European Workshop on Image and Cognition (EWIC) 2019-10-28
2017 Jakub Krukar Angela Schwering Vanessa Joy Anacta
Special issue on “Landmark-Based Navigation in Cognitive Systems”
published pages: 1-222, ISSN: 0933-1875, DOI: 10.1007/13218.1610-1987
KI - Künstliche Intelligenz 31(2) 2019-10-28
2017 Marcelo de Lima Galvão
Automatic Drawing of Orientation Maps
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Doctoral Colloquium COSIT 2017 2019-10-28
2018 Löwen Heinrich, Krukar Jakub, Schwering Angela
How should Orientation Maps look like?
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
21th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science yearly 2019-10-28
2018 Heinrich Löwen, Jakub Krukar, Angela Schwering
Towards automatically generating maps for wayfinding and orientation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
21th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science yearly 2019-10-28
2018 Wiebke Schick, Angela Schwering
Linguistic and visual cues in the formation of hierarchically structured representations of space – an experiment with a driving simulator
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Spatial Cognition 2018 Workshop Virtual environments as geo/spatial labs 2019-10-28

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