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EcOILogy SIGNED

Microbial life in oil

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 EcOILogy project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the EcOILogy project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "EcOILogy" about.

big    science    metabolic    implications    droplets    single    mostly    natural    degraded    principles    metabolomics    metagenomics    dispersion    biodegradation    resolution    minuscule    traits    reservoirs    labelling    theory    microorganisms    environmental    strains    isolation    sequencing    seep    environment    tackle    quantifying    view    water    genome    reaching    bimodal    energy    hydrocarbon    unprecedented    minute    horizons    respective    conceptional    influencing    opens    clsm    place    discovered    shift    organisms    takes    entrapped    microbial    ecosystem    ecology    bioremediation    reverse    boundary    experiencing    dispersed    paradigm    assemble    assembly    oil    transition    phenomenon    zone    micro    cell    isolated    continuous    stable    quality    raman    communities    functions    life    fundamental    world    extreme    adapt    interdisciplinary    ecoilogy    saturated    wp    ecological    explore    degradation    concentrations    community    hypothesis    exploratio    identical    isotope   

Project "EcOILogy" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAET DUISBURG-ESSEN 

Organization address
address: UNIVERSITATSSTRASSE 2
city: ESSEN
postcode: 45141
website: www.uni-duisburg-essen.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website https://www.uni-due.de/biofilm-centre/mikro_projekte_ecoilogy.php
 Total cost 2˙549˙250 €
 EC max contribution 2˙549˙250 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2020-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAET DUISBURG-ESSEN DE (ESSEN) coordinator 2˙549˙250.00

Map

 Project objective

Microbial biodegradation is a key factor influencing the quality of oil and, according to current concepts, takes place mostly at the continuous oil-water transition zone in oil reservoirs. I recently discovered microorganisms in minuscule water droplets (1-3 µl) entrapped in oil from a natural oil seep. In EcOILogy, I propose that biodegradation of oil resources takes place in such minuscule water droplets dispersed in the oil phase which is a shift of paradigm and a new conceptional view for environmental science, -life in oil-. EcOILogy aims to explore this new world investigating the generic principles of life in oil. I will study if such droplets are a common phenomenon in degraded oil resources and how significant the respective degradation activities are. To this end, I will develop reverse stable isotope labelling as a novel method for quantifying minute microbial activities (WP 1). The droplets provide a unique test system of micro-ecosystem, all experiencing identical boundary conditions in the oil with no dispersion of microorganisms between the isolated droplets. I will study how microbial communities for oil degradation assemble in the droplets allowing for unprecedented testing of ecological theory including a new bimodal hypothesis of community assembly. To tackle the big challenge of metabolic traits in systems ecology, I will make use of metagenomics, single cell sequencing, and high resolution metabolomics to assess the functions in single water droplets (WP 2). Finally, I will study how microorganisms adapt to this extreme environment under saturated hydrocarbon concentrations by isolation and comparative genome analysis of strains and study the role of different organisms in the droplets by Raman-CLSM (WP 3). Thus, EcOilogy opens new horizons for microbial degradation of our most important energy resources with far-reaching implications for fundamental, interdisciplinary understanding of ecological processes, bioremediation, and oil exploratio

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Sviatlana Marozava, Housna Mouttaki, Hubert Müller, Nidal Abu Laban, Alexander J. Probst, Rainer U. Meckenstock
Anaerobic degradation of 1-methylnaphthalene by a member of the Thermoanaerobacteraceae contained in an iron-reducing enrichment culture
published pages: 23-39, ISSN: 0923-9820, DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9811-z
Biodegradation 29/1 2019-07-02
2017 Xiyang Dong, Maik A. Jochmann, Martin Elsner, Armin H. Meyer, Leonard E. Bäcker, Mona Rahmatullah, Daniel Schunk, Guido Lens, Rainer U. Meckenstock
Monitoring Microbial Mineralization Using Reverse Stable Isotope Labeling Analysis by Mid-Infrared Laser Spectroscopy
published pages: 11876-11883, ISSN: 0013-936X, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b02909
Environmental Science & Technology 51/20 2019-07-02

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