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RNAEPIGEN SIGNED

Mechanisms of epigenetic inheritance by short RNAs

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "RNAEPIGEN" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
INSTITUT PASTEUR 

Organization address
address: RUE DU DOCTEUR ROUX 25-28
city: PARIS CEDEX 15
postcode: 75724
website: http://www.pasteur.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website http://www.cecerelab.com
 Total cost 1˙791˙250 €
 EC max contribution 1˙791˙250 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-02-01   to  2021-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUT PASTEUR FR (PARIS CEDEX 15) coordinator 1˙791˙250.00

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 Project objective

Epigenetic mechanisms are considered to be central to the development of multicellular organisms made of different cell types, all having identical genomes. Similarly, they may explain how genetically identical organisms are capable of adapting to distinct environmental conditions. Yet, the molecular mechanisms regulating how epigenetic traits can be inherited during cell division or across generations are not fully understood. Using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we have recently revealed how the nuclear Argonaute protein CSR-1 and its associated short RNAs participate in global transcriptional regulation and chromatin organization. This unprecedented observation opened up a new class of molecular mechanisms by which Argonaute proteins and their bound short RNAs may actively contribute to epigenetic inheritance in animals. This research proposal focuses on the characterization of short-RNA-based mechanisms of epigenetic inheritance during animal development and upon environmental changes. Using C. elegans as an animal model system, we plan to integrate genetic, biochemical, and molecular biology tools with high-throughput genomic and proteomic approaches to dissect (i) the molecular mechanism by which CSR-1-bound short RNAs regulate transcription, (ii) test their ability in propagating the memory of actively transcribed genomic regions during early embryonic development, and (iii) characterize their role in propagating the memory of stress responses across generations to facilitate the adaptation of animals to environmental changes.

Given the association of nuclear Argonaute proteins with transcriptionally active loci in metazoans, we anticipate that similar CSR-1-like epigenetic functions are also conserved in humans. Therefore, our research has the potential to significantly advance our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying epigenetic inheritance and reveals their impact on animal development and adaptation to changing environments.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Giorgia Barucci, Eric Cornes, Meetali Singh, Blaise Li, Martino Ugolini, Aleksei Samolygo, Celine Didier, Florent Dingli, Damarys Loew, Piergiuseppe Quarato, Germano Cecere
Small-RNA-mediated transgenerational silencing of histone genes impairs fertility in piRNA mutants
published pages: , ISSN: 1465-7392, DOI: 10.1038/s41556-020-0462-7
Nature Cell Biology 2020-02-13

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