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Effectiveness of Terrestrial Protected Areas in Reducing Human Pressure

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "PRESSURE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: CB2 1TN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-09-01   to  2019-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Human impacts on nature have led to massive biodiversity declines. Protected areas (PAs) have been suggested as one of the most important tools to reduce human pressure and protect biodiversity. In this project I will advance our understanding of the effectiveness of terrestrial PAs in reducing human pressure and improve current knowledge on how to measure human pressure, by specifically addressing three objectives: 1) To understand how management quality affects PAs ability to reduce human pressure, 2) To reconciling remote sensed maps of human pressure with field observation of the impact of human threats, and 3) To improve existing maps of human pressure by including data of key threats to biodiversity (e.g. natural resource use and invasive species). The foundation of the project will be the Temporal Human Pressure Index (e.g. a temporal Human Footprint), the World Database of Protected Areas, and a global database on Management. The three objectives will apply different state-of-the-art statistical approaches including propensity matching and general linear mixed effects models to achieve these ambitious objectives. The project is expected to lead to three high impact peer-reviewed papers as well as min two popular science papers, and one policy brief. The project will help me develop new data and skills instrumental to achieving my career goals in academia after the fellowship. I will be hosted in the conservation group at the University of Cambridge, under supervision of Professor Andrew Balmford who is one of the world’s leading conservation scientist and an expert on how to understand human pressure in relation to biodiversity. Professor Neil Burgess will be my supervisor while seconded at WCMC. He is a world leading expert on management effectiveness and has years of experience working on pressure and PAs. This proposal represents a frontier in conservation science and is of very high relevance to the EU and global conservation policy.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Geldmann, Jonas; Coad, L; Barnes, MD; Craigie, ID; Woodley, S; Balmford, Andrew; Brooks, TM; Hockings, M; Knights, K; Mascia, MB; McRae, L; Burgess, ND
A global analysis of management capacity and ecological outcomes in terrestrial protected areas
published pages: e12434, ISSN: 1755-263X, DOI: 10.17863/cam.21056
Conservation Letters 11 2020-04-01
2018 Jonas Geldmann, Juan P. González-Varo
Conserving honey bees does not help wildlife
published pages: 392-393, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aar2269
Science 359/6374 2020-01-23
2019 Johanna Eklund, Lauren Coad, Jonas Geldmann, Mar Cabeza
What constitutes a useful measure of protected area effectiveness? A case study of management inputs and protected area impacts in Madagascar
published pages: , ISSN: 2578-4854, DOI: 10.1111/csp2.107
Conservation Science and Practice 1/10 2020-01-23
2018 Fengzhi He, Vanessa Bremerich, Christiane Zarfl, Jonas Geldmann, Simone D. Langhans, Jonathan N. W. David, William Darwall, Klement Tockner, Sonja C. Jähnig
Freshwater megafauna diversity: Patterns, status and threats
published pages: 1395-1404, ISSN: 1366-9516, DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12780
Diversity and Distributions 24/10 2020-01-23
2019 Jonas Geldmann, Andrea Manica, Neil D. Burgess, Lauren Coad, Andrew Balmford
A global-level assessment of the effectiveness of protected areas at resisting anthropogenic pressures
published pages: 23209-23215, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1908221116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/46 2020-01-23
2019 Maria Therese Bager Olsen, Jonas Geldmann, Mike Harfoot, Derek P. Tittensor, Becky Price, Pablo Sinovas, Katarzyna Nowak, Nathan J. Sanders, Neil D. Burgess
Thirty-six years of legal and illegal wildlife trade entering the USA
published pages: 1-10, ISSN: 0030-6053, DOI: 10.1017/s0030605319000541
Oryx 2020-01-23
2019 Lauren Coad, James EM Watson, Jonas Geldmann, Neil D Burgess, Fiona Leverington, Marc Hockings, Kathryn Knights, Moreno Di Marco
Widespread shortfalls in protected area resourcing undermine efforts to conserve biodiversity
published pages: 259-264, ISSN: 1540-9295, DOI: 10.1002/fee.2042
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17/5 2020-01-23
2019 Katharina Rogalla von Bieberstein, Elsa Sattout, Mads Christensen, Balakrishna Pisupati, Neil D. Burgess, Jerry Harrison, Jonas Geldmann
Improving collaboration in the implementation of global biodiversity conventions
published pages: 821-831, ISSN: 0888-8892, DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13252
Conservation Biology 33/4 2020-01-23
2018 Juan P. González-Varo, Jonas Geldmann
Response—“Bee conservation: Key role of managed bees” and “Bee conservation: Inclusive solutions”
published pages: 390-390, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aat3746
Science 360/6387 2020-01-23

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